Dr Bernie McConnell

Senior Research Fellow

tel: 01334 463280
fax: 01334 462632
email: bm8@st-andrews.ac.uk
room: 2.10 SMRU  (SOI)
Scottish Oceans Institute
East Sands
University of St Andrews
St Andrews
KY16 8LB



Recent Publications

Jones, EL, Sparling, CE, McConnell, BJ, Morris, C & Smout, SC 2017, 'Fine-scale harbour seal usage for informed marine spatial planning' Scientific Reports, vol 7, 11581. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-11174-4
Sparling, CE, Lonergan, M & McConnell, BJ 2017, 'Harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) around an operational tidal turbine in Strangford Narrows: no barrier effect but small changes in transit behaviour' Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, vol Early View. DOI: 10.1002/aqc.2790
Vincent, C, Huon, M, Caurant, F, Dabin, W, Deniau, A, Dixneuf, S, Dupuis, L, Elder, J-F, Fremau, M-H, Hassani, S, Hemon, A, Karpouzopoulos, J, Lefeuvre, C, McConnell, BJ, Moss, SEW, Provost, P, Spitz, J, Turpin, Y & Ridoux, V 2017, 'Grey and harbour seals in France: distribution at sea, connectivity and trends in abundance at haulout sites' Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, vol In press. DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2017.04.004
Jones, EL, Smout, SC, Russell, DJ, Pinn, E & McConnell, BJ 2017, Review of analytical approaches for identifying usage and foraging areas at sea for harbour seals. vol. 602, Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough.
Jones, EL, Smout, SC, Blight, CJ, Sparling, CE & McConnell, BJ 2016, Fine-scale harbour seal at-sea usage around Orkney and the North coast of Scotland. Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science, no. 27, vol. 7, Marine Scotland. DOI: 10.7489/1876-1
Lucke, K, Hastie, GD, Ternes, K, McConnell, BJ, Moss, S, Russell, DJ, Weber, H & Janik, VM 2016, 'Aerial low frequency hearing in captive and free-ranging harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) using auditory brainstem responses' Journal of Comparative Physiology A: Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology, vol 202, no. 12, pp. 859-868. DOI: 10.1007/s00359-016-1126-8
Russell, DJF, Hastie, GD, Thompson, D, Janik, VM, Hammond, PS, Scott-Hayward, LAS, Matthiopoulos, J, Jones, EL & McConnell, BJ 2016, 'Avoidance of wind farms by harbour seals is limited to pile driving activities' Journal of Applied Ecology, vol 53, no. 6, pp. 1642-1652. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12678
Jones, EL, Morris, C, Smout, SC & McConnell, BJ 2016, Population scaling in 5 km x 5 km grey and harbour seal usage maps. Note to Scottish Government MMSS/002/15. Marine Scotland.
McConnell, BJ, Smout, SC, Wu, G-M, Thompson, D, Irving, P & Hastie, GD 2016, Marine Renewable Energy MRE1 Annual Report: Marine Mammals and Tidal Energy. Sea Mammal Research Unit.
Arso Civil, M, Smout, SC, Duck, CD, Morris, C, Onoufriou, J, Thompson, D, Brownlow, A, Davison, N, Cummings, C, Pomeroy, P, McConnell, BJ & Hall, AJ 2016, Harbour Seal Decline - vital rates and drivers: Report to Scottish Government MMSS/002/15. SMRU.
Sparling, CE, Gillespie, DM, Hastie, GD, Gordon, JCD, MacAulay, JDJ, Malinka, CE, Wu, G-M & McConnell, BJ 2016, Scottish Government Demonstration Strategy: Trialing methods for tracking the fine scale underwater movements of marine mammals in areas of marine renewable energy development. vol. 7, 14 edn, Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science.
Hastie, GD, Russell, DJF, McConnell, BJ, Thompson, D & Janik, VM 2016, 'Multiple-pulse sounds and seals: results of a harbour seal (Phoca vitulina) telemetry study during windfarm construction' Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, vol 875, pp. 425-430. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4939-2981-8_50
Russell, DJF, McClintock, BT, Matthiopoulos, J, Thompson, P, Thompson, D, Hammond, PS, Jones, EL, MacKenzie, M, Moss, S & McConnell, BJ 2015, 'Intrinsic and extrinsic drivers of activity budgets in sympatric grey and harbour seals' Oikos, vol 124, no. 11, pp. 1462-1472. DOI: 10.1111/oik.01810
Huon, M, Jones, EL, Matthiopoulos, J, McConnell, BJ, Caurant, F & Vincent, C 2015, 'Habitat selection of gray seals (Halichoerus grypus) in a marine protected area in France' Journal of Wildlife Management, vol 79, no. 7, pp. 1091-1100. DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.929
Jones, EL, McConnell, BJ, Smout, SC, Hammond, PS, Duck, CD, Morris, C, Thompson, D, Russell, DJF, Vincent, C, Cronin, M, Sharples, RJ & Matthiopoulos, J 2015, 'Patterns of space use in sympatric marine colonial predators reveals scales of spatial partitioning' Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol 534, pp. 235-249. DOI: 10.3354/meps11370
Photopoulou, T, Fedak, M, Matthiopoulos, J, McConnell, BJ & Lovell, P 2015, 'The generalized data management and collection protocol for Conductivity-Temperature-Depth Satellite Relay Data Loggers' Animal Biotelemetry, vol 3, 21. DOI: 10.1186/s40317-015-0053-8
Hastie, GD, Russell, DJF, McConnell, BJ, Moss, S, Thompson, D & Janik, VM 2015, 'Sound exposure in harbour seals during the installation of an offshore wind farm: predictions of auditory damage' Journal of Applied Ecology, vol 52, no. 3, pp. 631-640. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12403
Paterson, W, Russell, DJ, Wu, G-M, McConnell, BJ & Thompson, D 2015, Harbour seal haul-out monitoring, Sound of Islay. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 894. 894 edn, Scottish Natural Heritage.
Jones, EL, Smout, SC & McConnell, BJ 2015, Review the extent of how new survey data affect usage estimates. Report to Marine Scotland MMSS/001/11 MR 5.1. Marine Scotland.
Jones, EL, Smout, SC, Morris, C & McConnell, BJ 2015, Determine data sparse regions. Report to Marine Scotland MMSS/001/11 MR 5.1. Marine Scotland.
Jones, EL, McConnell, BJ, Sparling, CE & Matthiopoulos, J 2015, Produce, publish and maintain seal usage maps with confidence intervals. Report to Marine Scotland MMSS/001/11 MR 5.1. Marine Scotland. DOI: 10.7489/1672-1
Wu, G-M & McConnell, BJ 2015, Harbour seal haulout transition rates in and around the Sound of Islay. Scottish Government.
Jones, EL, Smout, SC & McConnell, BJ 2015, Determine environmental covariates for usage preference around the UK. Report to Marine Scotland MMSS/001/11 MR 5.1.6. Marine Scotland.
Russell, DJF, Brasseur, S, Thompson, D, Hastie, GD, Janik, VM, Aarts, G, McClintock, BT, Matthiopoulos, J, Moss, S & McConnell, BJ 2014, 'Marine mammals trace anthropogenic structures at sea' Current Biology, vol 24, no. 14, pp. R638-R639. DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2014.06.033
Aarts, G, Jones, EL, Brasseur, S, Rindorf, A, Smout, SC, Dickey-Collas, M, Wright, P, Russell, DJF, McConnell, BJ, Kirkwood, R, Matthiopoulos, J & Reijnders, P 2014, 'Prey habitat model outperforms prey data in explaining grey seal distribution' Paper presented at Annual Conferenec of the European Cetacean Society, La Rochelle, France, 4/04/05, .
Russell, DJF & McConnell, BJ 2014, Seal at-sea distribution, movements and behaviour. Department of Energy and Climate Change.
Lidgard, DC, Bowen, WD, Jonsen, ID, Mcconnell, BJ, Lovell, P, Webber, DM, Stone, T & Iverson, SJ 2014, 'Transmitting species-interaction data from animal-borne transceivers through Service Argos using Bluetooth communication' Methods in Ecology and Evolution. DOI: 10.1111/2041-210X.12235
Chevaillier, D, Karpytchev, M, Mcconnell, BJ, Moss, S & Vincent, C 2014, 'Can gray seals maintain heading within areas of high tidal current? Preliminary results from numerical modeling and GPS observations' Marine Mammal Science, vol 30, no. 1, pp. 374-380. DOI: 10.1111/mms.12024
Hastie, GD, Gillespie, DM, Gordon, JCD, MacAulay, JDJ, McConnell, BJ & Sparling, CE 2014, Tracking technologies for quantifying marine mammal interactions with tidal turbines: pitfalls and possibilities. in M Shields & A Payne (eds), Marine Renewable Energy Technology and Environmental Interactions. Humanity and the Sea, Springer Science and Business Media, Dordrecht. DOI: 10.1007/978-94-017-8002-5_10
Sparling, CE, Coram, AJ, McConnell, BJ, Thompson, D, Hawkins, KR & Northridge, S 2013, Wave & Tidal Consenting Position Paper Series: Marine Mammal Impacts. Natural Environment Research Council.
Thompson, D, Hall, AJ, Lonergan, M, McConnell, BJ & Northridge, S 2013, Current state of knowledge of effects of offshore renewable energy generation devices on marine mammals & research requirements: Report to Scottish Government Marine Mammal Scientific Support Research Programme MMSS/001/11. Scottish Government, Edinburgh.
Russell, DJ, McConnell, BJ, Thompson, D, Duck, CD, Morris, C, Harwood, J & Matthiopoulos, J 2013, 'Uncovering the links between foraging and breeding regions in a highly mobile mammal' Journal of Applied Ecology, vol 50, no. 2, pp. 499-509. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12048
McConnell, BJ, Gillespie, DM, Gordon, JCD, Hastie, GD, Johnson, M & MacAulay, JDJ 2013, Methods for tracking fine scale underwater movements of marine mammals around marine tidal devices: Report to Scottish Government Marine Mammal Scientific Support Research Programme MMSS/001/11. Scottish Government, Edinburgh.
McClintock, BT, King, R, Thomas, L, Matthiopoulos, J, McConnell, BJ & Morales, J 2012, 'A general discrete-time modeling framework for animal movement using multistate random walks' Ecological Monographs, vol 82, no. 3, pp. 335-349. DOI: 10.1890/11-0326.1
Sparling, CE, Russell, DJF, Jones, EL, Grellier, K, Lonergan, M, McConnell, BJ, Matthiopoulos, J & Thompson, D 2012, Baseline Seal Information for the FTWODG Area. SMRUL-FDG-2012-0 to FTOWDG. SMRU Consulting.
Morrison, C, Sparling, C, Sadler, L, Charles, A, Sharples, R & McConnell, B 2012, 'Postrelease dive ability in rehabilitated harbor seals' Marine Mammal Science, vol 28, no. 2, pp. E110-E123. DOI: 10.1111/j.1748-7692.2011.00510.x
Jones, EL, McConnell, BJ, Duck, CD, Morris, C, Hammond, PS & Russell, DJF 2012, Marine distribution of grey & harbour seals around the UK.: Special Committee on Seals (12/06). Sea Mammal Research Unit.
Jones, EL, McConnell, BJ, Duck, CD, Hammond, PS & Matthiopoulos, J 2012, 'Spatial distributions between UK grey & harbour seal populations' Paper presented at International Statistical Ecology Conference, Oslo, Norway, 3/07/12 - 6/07/12, .
McConnell, B, Lonergan, M & Dietz, R 2012, Interactions between seals and offshore wind farms. The Crown Estates, The Crown Estates.
Lonergan, M, Duck, CD, Thompson, D, Moss, S & McConnell, BJ 2011, 'British grey seal (Halichoerus grypus) abundance in 2008: an assessment based on aerial counts and satellite telemetry' ICES Journal of Marine Science, vol 68, no. 10, pp. 2201-2209. DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fsr161
Russell, DJF, Jones, EL, Matthiopoulos, J, Duck, CD, Morris, C & McConnell, BJ 2011, SMRU seal telemetry data holdings: Special Committee on Seals. Sea Mammal Research Unit.
Russell, DJF, Matthiopoulos, J & McConnell, BJ 2011, SMRU seal telemetry quality control process: Special Committee on Seals. Sea Mammal Research Unit.
Bennett, KA, McConnell, BJ, Moss, SEW, Speakman, JR, Pomeroy, P & Fedak, MA 2010, 'Effects of Age and Body Mass on Development of Diving Capabilities of Gray Seal Pups: Costs and Benefits of the Postweaning Fast' Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, vol 83, no. 6, pp. 911-923. DOI: 10.1086/656925
Patterson, TA, McConnell, BJ, Fedak, MA, Bravington, MV & Hindell, MA 2010, 'Using GPS data to evaluate the accuracy of state-space methods for correction of Argos satellite telemetry error' Ecology, vol 91, no. 1, pp. 273-285. DOI: 10.1890/08-1480.1
McConnell, BJ, Fedak, MA, Hooker, SK & Patterson, T 2010, Telemetry. in IL Boyd, WD Bowen & SJ Iverson (eds), Marine Mammal Ecology and Conservation: A handbook of Techniques. Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 222-241.
Hall, AJ, Thomas, G & McConnell, BJ 2009, 'Exposure to persistent organic pollutants and first-year survival probability in gray seal pups' Environmental Science and Technology, vol 43, no. 16, pp. 6364-6369. DOI: 10.1021/es9004398
Cunningham, L, Baxter, JM, Boyd, IL, Duck, CD, Lonergan, M, Moss, SE & McConnell, B 2009, 'Harbour seal movements and haul-out patterns: implications for monitoring and management' Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, vol 19, no. 4, pp. 398-407. DOI: 10.1002/aqc.983
Lonergan, ME, Fedak, MA & McConnell, BJ 2009, 'An investigation of interpolation errors in animal tracks using GPS data from a grey seal (Halichoerus grypus).' Marine Mammal Science, vol 25, no. (2), pp. 275-282. DOI: DOI: 10.1111/j.1748-7692.2008.00264.x
Cronin, MA & McConnell, BJ 2008, 'SMS seal: A new technique to measure haul-out behaviour in marine vertebrates' Journal of Experimental Biology, vol 362, no. 1, pp. 43-48. DOI: 10.1016/j.jembe.2008.05.010
Aarts, G, MacKenzie, ML, McConnell, BJ, Fedak, MA & Matthiopoulos, J 2008, 'Estimating space-use and habitat preference from wildlife telemetry data' Ecography, vol 31, no. 1, pp. 140-160. DOI: 10.1111/j.2007.0906-7590.05236.x
Lindgren, A, Mascolo, C, Lonergan, ME & McConnell, BJ 2008, Seal-2-Seal: A Delay-Tolerant Protocol for Contact Logging in Wildlife Monitoring Sensor Networks. in 2008 5th IEEE International Conference on Mobile Ad-Hoc and Sensor Systems, MASS 2008. IEEE, pp. 321-327, 5th IEEE International Conference on Mobile Ad-Hoc and Sensor Systems , Atlanta, GA, United States, 29-2 October. DOI: 10.1109/MAHSS.2008.4660064
Hall, AJ & McConnell, BJ 2007, 'Measuring changes in juvenile grey seal body composition' Marine Mammal Science, vol 23, no. 3, pp. 650-665. DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1748-7692.2007.00132.x
Dendrinos, P, Karamanlidis, A, Androukaki, E & McConnell, BJ 2007, 'Diving Development and Behavior of a Rehabilitated Mediterranean Monk Seal (Monachus Monachus).' Marine Mammal Science, vol 23, no. 2, pp. 387-397. DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1748-7692.2007.00115.x
McConnell, B 2007, Strangford Lough, Seal Movements and Behaviour. Report to Geotek and Hartley Anderson.
Hooker, SK, Biuw, M, McConnell, BJ, Miller, P & Sparling, CE 2007, 'Bio-logging science: logging and relaying physical and biological data using animal-attached tags.' Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, vol 54, pp. 177-182. DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2007.01.001
Hall, AJ, McConnell, BJ, Rowles, TK, Aguilar, A, Borrell, A, Schwacke, L, Reijnders, PJH & Wells, RS 2006, 'Population consequences of polychlorinated biphenyl exposure in bottlenose dolphins - an individual based model approach.' Environmental Health Perspectives, vol 114, no. Supple. 1, pp. 60 - 64. DOI: 10.1289/ehp.8053
Vincent, C, Fedak, MA, McConnell, BJ, Meynier, L, Saint-Jean, C & Ridoux, V 2005, 'Status and conservation of the grey seal, Halichœrus grypus, in France' Biological Conservation, vol 126, no. 1, pp. 62-73. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2005.04.022
Everard, K, Harwood, J, Matthiopoulos, J, McConnell, BJ, Sharples, R, Harris, CM & Warnes, CZ 2005, Defining biologically relevant management units for seal populations in the UK. Unknown Publisher.
Matthiopoulos, J, McConnell, BJ, Duck, CD & Fedak, MA 2004, 'Using satellite telemetry and aerial counts to estimate space use by grey seals around the British Isles' Journal of Applied Ecology, vol 41, no. 3, pp. 476-491. DOI: 10.1111/j.0021-8901.2004.00911.x
McConnell, BJ, Beaton, R, Bryant, E, Hunter, C, Lovell, P & Hall, AJ 2004, 'Phoning home - a new GSM mobile phone telemetry system to collect mark-recapture data' Marine Mammal Science, vol 20, pp. 274-283. DOI: 10.1111/j.1748-7692.2004.tb01156.x
Biuw, M, McConnell, BJ, Bradshaw, CJA, Burton, H & Fedak, MA 2003, 'Blubber and buoyancy: Monitoring the body condition of free-ranging seals using simple dive characteristics' Journal of Experimental Biology, vol 206, no. 19, pp. 3405-3423. DOI: 10.1242/jeb.00583
Winkle, J, Edwards, RM, Chambers, B, McConnell, BJ & Bryant, E Design, Fabrication and Measurement of an Encapsulated Inverted F Dual Band Antenna for the gathering of data on seals using SMS over GSM system..
Lydersen, C, Nost, OA, Lovell, P, McConnell, BJ, Gammelsrod, T, Hunter, C, Fedak, M & Kovacs, KM 2002, 'Salinity and temperature structure of a freezing Arctic fjord - monitored by white whales (Delphinapterus leucas)' Geophysical Research Letters, vol 29, no. 23, pp. 34.1-34.4. DOI: 10.1029/2002GL015462
Hays, GC, Broderick, AC, Godley, BJ, Lovell, P, Martin, C, McConnell, BJ & Richardson, S 2002, 'Biphasal long-distance migration in green turtles' Animal Behaviour, vol 64, pp. 895-898. DOI: 10.1006/anbe.2002.1975
Hall, AJ, McConnell, BJ & Barker, RJ 2002, 'The effect of total immunoglobulin levels, mass and condition on the first-year survival of grey seal pups.' Functional Ecology, vol 16, pp. 462-474.
Fedak, MA, Lovell, P, McConnell, BJ & Hunter, C 2002, 'Overcoming the constraints of long range radio telemetry from animals: getting more useful data from smaller packages' Integrative and Comparative Biology, vol 42, no. 1, pp. 3-10. DOI: 10.1093/icb/42.1.3
Vincent, C, McConnell, BJ, Ridoux, V & Fedak, MA 2002, 'Assessment of Argos location accuracy from satellite tags deployed on captive gray seals' Marine Mammal Science, vol 18, pp. 156-166.
McConnell, BJ, Fedak, MA, Burton, HR, Englehard, GH & Reijnders, P 2002, 'Movements and foraging areas of naive, recently weaned southern elephant seal pups' Journal of Animal Ecology, vol 71, pp. 65-78.
Stevick, PT, McConnell, BJ & Hammond, PS 2002, Patterns of Movement. in AR Hoelzel (ed.), Marine Mammal Biology: an evolutionary approach. Blackwell, pp. 185-216.
Bennett, KA, McConnell, BJ & Fedak, MA 2001, 'Diurnal and seasonal variations in the duration of depth of the longest dives in southern elephant seals ({Mirounga leonina}): possible physiological and behavioural constraints' Journal of Experimental Biology, vol 204, pp. 649-662.
Hall, AJ, McConnell, BJ & Barker, RJ 2001, 'Factors affecting first-year survival in grey seals and their implications for life history strategy.' Journal of Animal Ecology, vol 70, pp. 138-149.
Fedak, M, Lovell, P, McConnell, B & Hunter, C 2000, 'Methods for overcoming the constraints of long range telemetry of biological information from animals: getting more useful data from small packages.' American Zoologist, vol 40, pp. 1013-1013.
Hall, A, Moss, S & Mcconnell, B 2000, 'A new tag for identifying seals' Marine Mammal Science, vol 16, pp. 254-257.
Hammond, PS, McConnell, BJ, Stevick, PT, Matthiopoulos, J, Lovell, P & Fedak, MA 2000, 'The foraging distribution and behaviour of grey seals and humpback whales: practical lessons for determining critical habitat'.
Campagna, C, Fedak, MA & McConnell, BJ 1999, 'Post-breeding distribution and diving behavior of adult male southern elephant seals from Patagonia' Journal of Mammalogy, vol 80, pp. 1341-1352.
Hindell, MA, McConnell, BJ, Fedak, MA, Slip, DJ, Burton, HR, Reijnders, PJH & McMahon, CR 1999, 'Environmental and physiological determinants of successful foraging by naive southern elephant seal pups during their first trip to sea' Canadian Journal of Zoology, vol 77, no. 11, pp. 1807-1821. DOI: 10.1139/cjz-77-11-1807
McConnell, BJ, Fedak, MA, Lovell, P & Hammond, PS 1999, 'Movements and foraging areas of grey seals in the North Sea' Journal of Applied Ecology, vol 36, pp. 573-590.
Sjoberg, M, McConnell, B & Fedak, M 1999, 'Haulout patterns of grey seals Halichoerus grypus in the Baltic Sea' Wildlife Biology, vol 5, pp. 37-47.
McConnell, BJ & Fedak, MA 1996, 'Movements of southern elephant seals' Canadian Journal of Zoology, vol 74, pp. 1485-1496..
Fedak, MA, Lovell, P & Mcconnell, BJ 1996, 'MAMVIS: A marine mammal behaviour visualization system' Journal of Visualization and Computer Animation, vol 7, no. 3, pp. 141-147.
SJOBERG, M, FEDAK, MA & MCCONNELL, BJ 1995, 'Movements and diurnal behaviour patterns in a Baltic grey seal (Halichoerus grypus)' Polar Biology, vol 15, no. 8, pp. 593-595. DOI: 10.1007/BF00239652
HARWOOD, J, ANDERSON, SS, FEDAK, MA, HAMMOND, PS, HIBY, AR, MCCONNELL, BJ, MARTIN, AR & THOMPSON, D 1989, 'NEW APPROACHES FOR FIELD STUDIES OF MAMMALS - EXPERIENCES WITH MARINE MAMMALS' Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, vol 38, no. 1, pp. 103-111. DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8312.1989.tb01567.x

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