Prof David Paterson

Executive Director of MASTS:
The Marine Alliance for Science and Technology for Scotland

tel: 01334 463472 (Sec)
fax: 01334 463443
room: 1.11  (SOI)
Scottish Oceans Institute
East Sands
University of St Andrews
St Andrews
KY16 8LB

General Information

Research on the ecology and dynamics of coastal and estuarine systems. I am interested in the biodiversity and functional ecology and dynamics of coastal systems: the so-called biodiversity/ecosystem function debate (BEF). This includes research into the primary productivity of marine microbes (microbial mats and biofilms). The resiliance of coastal systems in the face of global change, their funtional variability and the services they provide are key areas of investigation. Part of my interest in ecosystem function includes the interdisciplinary study of "biogenic stabilisation", defined as an increase in the critical threshold force for sediment re-suspension brought about by biological activity and have recently developed a magnetic particle induction technique to measure the adhesive nature of natural surfaces (MagPI) I have also developed techniques to measure the stability of sediments in situ and other methods to allow microspatial discrimination (100 um scale) of the physical (density, porosity, mineralogy) and biological (pigments, organics, polymeric substances, microbes) properties of cohesive sediments. As a group, we use low-temperature scanning electron microscopy for the structural analysis of sediments. In cooperation with other groups, I have been involved with: The modelling of biogenic effects on sediment erosion and transport; light climate and primary productivity in cohesive sediments using PAM fluorescence; light microsensor systems; the influence of pigment distribution of spectral reflectance properties of sediments; and the potential of using remote sensing of reflectance data for the modelling of biomass distribution on coastal systems.

Research Overview

Ecology, biodiversity and dynamics of coastal systems


Research on the ecology and dynamics of coastal systems with a strong focus on the biodiversity-ecosystem function debate. This work is supported by extensive field studies and laboratory mesocosms often using multiple stressors. This adds aspects of climate change research including the combined effects of temperature and CO2 on system response. The primary productivity of coastal systems is an important funcional response and  is also under investigation using flux chambers and PAM fluorescence techniques. This work includes interdisciplinary study of "biogenic stabilisation" by microphytobenthos, through the extracellular polymers produced by microbial biofilms that increase the critical threshold force for sediment re-suspension. We have also developed novel techniques to measure the stability of sediments in situ, the relative adhesion capacity of different surfaces and  the structural analysis of sediments by low-temperature scanning electron microscopy. Recently, we have aslo been examining the effects of ocean acidiication on benthic biogeochemistry and on the ecology and feeding behaviour of calcified foraminifera. 



Recent Publications

Chen, XD, Zhang, CK, Paterson, DM, Thompson, CEL, Townend, IH, Gong, Z, Zhou, Z & Feng, Q 2017, 'Hindered erosion: the biological mediation of noncohesive sediment behavior' Water Resources Research, vol Early View. DOI: 10.1002/2016WR020105
Wyness, AJ, Paterson, DM, Defew, EC, Avery, L & Stutter, M 2017, 'THE EFFECT OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND SEDIMENT CHARACTERISTICS ON THE SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL DISTRIBUTION OF E. COLI IN INTERTIDAL SEDIMENTS' Federation of European Microbiological Societies 2017, Valencia, Spain, 9/07/17 - 13/07/17, .
Kenworthy, JM, Paterson, DM & Bishop, MJ 2016, 'Response of benthic assemblages to multiple stressors: comparative effects of nutrient enrichment and physical disturbance' Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol 562, pp. 37-51. DOI: 10.3354/meps11935
Watson, SCL, Paterson, DM, Queirós, AM, Rees, AP, Stephens, N, Widdicombe, S & Beaumont, NJ 2016, 'A conceptual framework for assessing the ecosystem service of waste remediation: in the marine environment' Ecosystem Services, vol 20, pp. 69-81. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoser.2016.06.011
Ashton, TJ, Kayoueche-Reeve, M, Blight, AJ, Moore, J & Paterson, DM 2016, 'Duplex DNA barcoding allows accurate species determination of morphologically similar limpets (Patella spp.) from non-destructive sampling' Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, vol First View. DOI: 10.1017/S0025315416000813
Parsons, DR, Schindler, RJ, Hope, JA, Malarkey, J, Baas, JH, Peakall, J, Manning, AJ, Ye, L, Simmons, S, Paterson, DM, Aspden, RJ, Bass, SJ, Davies, AG, Lichtman, ID & Thorne, PD 2016, 'The role of biophysical cohesion on subaqueous bed form size' Geophysical Research Letters, vol Early View, pp. 1-8. DOI: 10.1002/2016GL067667
Paterson, DM, Kenworthy, JM & Hope, JA 2016, . Form, function and physics: The ecology of biogenic stabilisation. in S Wieprecht (ed.), River sedimentation : Proc 13th International symposium of river sedimentation. CRC Press, pp. 3-8.
Hyder, K, Rossberg, AG, Allen, JI, Austen, MC, Barciela, RM, Bannister, HJ, Blackwell, PG, Blanchard, JL, Burrows, MT, Defriez, E, Dorrington, T, Edwards, KP, Garcia-Carreras, B, Heath, MR, Hembury, DJ, Heymans, JJ, Holt, J, Houle, JE, Jennings, S, Mackinson, S, Malcolm, SJ, McPike, R, Mee, L, Mills, DK, Montgomery, C, Pearson, D, Pinnegar, JK, Pollicino, M, Popova, EE, Rae, L, Rogers, SI, Speirs, D, Spence, MA, Thorpe, R, Turner, RK, van der Molen, J, Yool, A & Paterson, DM 2015, 'Making modelling count - increasing the contribution of shelf-seas community and ecosystem models to policy development and management' Marine Policy, vol 61, pp. 291-302. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2015.07.015
Schindler, RJ, Parsons, DR, Ye, L, Hope, JA, Baas, JH, Peakall, J, Manning, AJ, Aspden, RJ, Malarkey, J, Simmons, S, Paterson, DM, Lichtman, ID, Davies, AG, Thorne, PD & Bass, SJ 2015, 'Sticky stuff: redefining bedform prediction in modern and ancient environments' Geology, vol 43, no. 5, pp. 399-402. DOI: 10.1130/G36262.1
Costello, MJ, Archambault, P, Chavanich, S, Miloslavich, P, Paterson, DM, Phang, S-M, Sousa Pinto, I, Pierrot-Bults, A, Song, S, Soto, EH, Stenseth, NC, Molodtsova, TN & Thorndyke, M 2015, 'Organizing, supporting and linking the world marine biodiversity research community' Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. DOI: 10.1017/S0025315414001969
Malarkey, J, Baas, J, Hope, JA, Aspden, RJ, Parsons, DR, Peakall, J, Paterson, DM, Schindler, R, Ye, L, Lichtman, ID, Bass, SJ, Davies, AG, Manning, AJ & Thorne, PD 2015, 'The pervasive role of biological cohesion in bedform development' Nature Communications, vol 6, 6257. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms7257
Passarelli, C, Olivier, F, Paterson, DM, Meziane, T & Hubas, CRR 2014, 'Organisms as cooperative ecosystem engineers in intertidal flats' Journal of Sea Research, vol 92, pp. 92-101. DOI: 10.1016/j.seares.2013.07.010
Van Colen, C, Underwood, G, Serodio, J & Paterson, DM 2014, 'Ecology of intertidal microbial biofilms: mechanisms, patterns and future research needs' Journal of Sea Research, vol 92, pp. 2-5. DOI: 10.1016/j.seares.2014.07.003
Cusson, M, Crowe, TP, Arau´jo, R, Arenas, F, Aspden, R, Bulleri, F, Davoult, D, Dyson, K, Fraschetti, S, Herku¨l, K, Hubas, C, Jenkins, S, Kotta, J, Kraufvelin, P, Migne´, A, Molis, M, Mulholland, O, Noe¨l, LM-LJ, Paterson, DM, Saunders, J, Somerfield, PJ, Sousa-Pinto, I, Spilmont, N, Terlizzi, A & Benedetti-Cecchi, L 2014, 'Relationships between biodiversity and the stability of marine ecosystems: comparisons at a European scale using meta-analysis' Journal of Sea Research. DOI: 10.1016/j.seares.2014.08.004
Garrard, S, Gambi, MC, Scipione, MB, Lorenti, M, Zupo, V, Paterson, DM & Buia, MC 2014, 'Indirect effects may buffer negative responses of seagrass invertebrate communities to ocean acidification' Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, vol 461, pp. 31-38. DOI: 10.1016/j.jembe.2014.07.011
Khanna, N, Godbold, JA, Austin, W & Paterson, DM 2013, 'The impact of ocean acidification on the functional morphology of foraminifera' PLoS One, vol 8, no. 12, e83118. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0083118
Hubas, C, Jesus, B, Ruivo, M, Meziane, T, Thiney, N, Davoult, D, Spilmont, N, Paterson, DM & Jeanthon, C 2013, 'Proliferation of purple sulphur bacteria at the sediment surface affects intertidal mat diversity and functionality' PLoS One, vol 8, no. 12, e82329. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0082329
Bulleri, F, Benedetti-Cecchi, L, Cusson, M, Maggi, E, Arenas, F, Aspden, R, Bertocci, I, Crowe, TP, Davoult, D, Eriksson, BK, Fraschetti, S, Gollety, C, Griffin, JN, Jenkins, SR, Kotta, J, Kraufvelin, P, Molis, M, Pinto, IS, Terlizzi, A, Valdivia, N & Paterson, DM 2012, 'Temporal stability of European rocky shore assemblages: variation across a latitudinal gradient and the role of habitat-formers' Oikos, vol 121, no. 11, pp. 1801-1809. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0706.2011.19967.x
Wilkie, L, O'Hare, MT, Davidson, I, Dudley, B & Paterson, DM 2012, 'Particle trapping and retention by Zostera noltii: A flume and field study' Aquatic Botany, vol 102, pp. 15-22. DOI: 10.1016/j.aquabot.2012.04.004
Spears, BM, Carvalho, L, Perkins, RG, Kirika, A & Paterson, DM 2012, 'Long-term variation and regulation of internal phosphorus loading in Loch Leven' Hydrobiologia, vol 681, no. 1, pp. 23-33. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-011-0921-z
Lubarsky, H, Gerbersdorf, SU, Hubas, CRR, Behrens, S, Ricciardi, F & Paterson, DM 2012, 'Impairment of the bacterial biofilm stability by triclosan' PLoS One, vol 7, no. 4, e31183. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0031183
Wan Hussin, WMR, Cooper, KM, Frojan, CRSB, Defew, EC & Paterson, DM 2012, 'Impacts of physical disturbance on the recovery of a macrofaunal community: A comparative analysis using traditional and novel approaches' Ecological Indicators, vol 12, no. 1, pp. 37-45. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2011.03.016
Passarelli, C, Olivier, F, Paterson, DM & Hubas, C 2012, 'Impacts of biogenic structures on benthic assemblages: microbes, meiofauna, macrofauna and related ecosystem functions' Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol 465, pp. 85-97. DOI: 10.3354/meps09915
Solan, M, Aspden, RJ & Paterson, DM 2012, Marine biodiversity futures and ecosystem functioning: frameworks, methodologies and integration. Oxford University Press.
Cooper, KM, Curtis, M, Wan Hussin, WMR, Barrio Frojan, CRS, Defew, EC, Nye, V & Paterson, DM 2011, 'Implications of dredging induced changes in sediment particle size composition for the structure and function of marine benthic macrofaunal communities' Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol 62, no. 10, pp. 2087-2094. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2011.07.021
Barrio Frojan, CRS, Cooper, KM, Bremner, J, Defew, EC, Wan Hussin, WMR & Paterson, DM 2011, 'Assessing the recovery of functional diversity after sustained sediment screening at an aggregate dredging site in the North Sea' Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, vol 92, no. 3, pp. 358-366. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecss.2011.01.006
Hicks, N, Bulling, M, Solan, M, Raffaelli, D, White, P & Paterson, DM 2011, 'Impact of biodiversity-climate futures on primary production and metabolism in a model benthic estuarine system' BMC Ecology, vol 11, 7. DOI: 10.1186/1472-6785-11-7
Zetsche, E, Paterson, DM, Lumsdon, DG & Witte, U 2011, 'Temporal variation in the sediment permeability of an intertidal sandflat' Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol 441, pp. 49-63. DOI: 10.3354/meps09390
Allison, N, Austin, HEATHER, Austin, W & Paterson, DM 2011, 'Effects of seawater pH and calcification rate on test Mg/Ca and Sr/Ca in cultured individuals of the benthic, calcitic foraminifera Elphidium williamsoni,' Chemical Geology, vol 289, pp. 171-178.
Maynard, C, McManus, J, Crawford, RMM & Paterson, DM 2011, 'A comparison of short-term sediment deposition between natural and transplanted saltmarsh after saltmarsh restoration in the Eden Estuary (Scotland)' Plant Ecology & Diversity, vol 4, no. 1, pp. 103-113. DOI: 10.1080/17550874.2011.560198
Paterson, DM, Hanley, N, Black, K, Defew, EC & Solan, M 2011, 'Science and policy mismatch in coastal zone ecosystem management' Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol 434, pp. 201-202. DOI: 10.3354/meps09279
Lubarsky, HV, Hubas, C, Chocholek, M, Larson, F, Manz, W, Paterson, DM & Gerbersdorf, SU 2010, 'The stabilisation potential of individual and mixed assemblages of natural bacteria and microalgae' PLoS One, vol 5, no. 11, e13794. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0013794
Bulling, MT, Hicks, N, Murray, L, Paterson, DM, Raffaelli, D, White, PCL & Solan, M 2010, 'Marine biodiversity-ecosystem functions under uncertain environmental futures' Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. B, Biological Sciences, vol 365, no. 1549, pp. 2107-2116. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2010.0022
Allison, N, Austin, W, Paterson, D & Austin, H 2010, 'Culture studies of the benthic foraminifera Elphidium williamsoni: Evaluating pH Delta[CO32-] and inter-individual effects on test Mg/Ca' Chemical Geology, vol 274, no. 1-2, pp. 87-93. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2010.03.019
Spears, BM, Carvalho, L, Perkins, R, O'Malley, MB & Paterson, DM 2010, 'The contribution of epipelon to total sediment microalgae in a shallow temperate eutrophic loch (Loch Leven, Scotland)' Hydrobiologia, vol 646, no. 1, pp. 281-293. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-010-0187-x
Paterson, DM, Aspden, RJ & Reid, P 2010, Biodynamics of Modern Marine Stromatolites. in J Seckbach & A Oren (eds), Microbial Mats: Modern and Ancient Microorganisms in Stratified Systems: Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology. vol. 14, Springer, NY, pp. 223-235. DOI: 10.1007/978-90-481-3799-2
Hubas, C, Sachidhanandam, C, Rybarczyk, H, Lubarsky, HV, Rigaux, A, Moens, T & Paterson, DM 2010, 'Bacterivorous nematodes stimulate microbial growth and exopolymer production in marine sediment microcosms' Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol 419, pp. 85-94. DOI: 10.3354/meps08851
Gerbersdorf, SU, Westrich, B & Paterson, DM 2009, 'Microbial Extracellular Polymeric Substances (EPS) in Freshwater Sediments' Microbial Ecology, vol 58, no. 2, pp. 334-349. DOI: 10.1007/s00248-009-9498-8
Stolz, JF, Reid, RP, Visscher, PT, Decho, AW, Norman, RS, Aspden, RJ, Bowlin, EM, Franks, J, Foster, JS, Paterson, DM, Przekop, KM, Underwood, GJC & Prufert-Bebout, L 2009, 'The microbial communities of the modern marine stromatolites at Highborne Cay, Bahamas' Atoll Research Bulletin, pp. 1-28.
Larson, F, Lubarsky, H, Gerbersdorf, SU & Paterson, DM 2009, 'Surface adhesion measurements in aquatic biofilms using magnetic particle induction: MagPI' Limnology and Oceanography: Methods, vol 7, pp. 490-497.
Tolhurst, TJ, Black, KS & Paterson, DM 2009, 'Muddy Sediment Erosion: Insights from Field Studies' Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, vol 135, no. 2, pp. 73-87. DOI:
Boa-De-Jesus, BM, Brotas, V, Ribeiro, L, Mendes, CR, Cartaxana, P & Paterson, DM 2009, 'Adaptations of microphytobenthos assemblages to sediment type and tidal position' Continental Shelf Research, vol 29, no. 13, pp. 1624-1634. DOI: 10.1016/j.csr.2009.05.006
Gerbersdorf, SU, Lubarsky, H, Manz, W & Paterson, DM 2009, 'Microbial assemblages as ecosystem engineers of sediment stability' Journal of Soils and Sediments, vol 9, no. 6, pp. 640-652. DOI: 10.1007/s11368-009-0142-5
Paterson, DM, Aspden, RJ & Black, KS 2009, Intertidal Flats: Ecosystem Functioning of Soft Sediment Systems. in GME Perillo, E Wolanski, DR Cahoon & MM Brinson (eds), Coastal Wetlands: An Integrated Ecosystem Approach . Elsevier, pp. 317-338.
Bulling, MT, Solan, M, Dyson, KE, Hernandez-Milian, G, Luque, P, Pierce, GJ, Raffaelli, D, Paterson, DM & White, PCL 2008, 'Species effects on ecosystem processes are modified by faunal responses to habitat composition' Oecologia, vol 158, no. 3, pp. 511-520. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-008-1160-5
Cooper, KM, Bario Forjan, CRS, Defew, E, Curtis, M, Fleddum, A, Brooks, L & Paterson, DM 2008, 'Assessment of ecosystem function following marine aggregate dredging' Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, vol 366, no. 1-2, pp. 82-91. DOI: 10.1016/j.jembe.2008.07.011
Gerbersdorf, SU, Manz, W & Paterson, DM 2008, 'The engineering potential of natural benthic bacterial assemblages in terms of the erosion resistance of sediments' FEMS Microbiology Ecology, vol 66, pp. 282-294. DOI: DOI:10.1111/j.1574-6941.2008.00586.x
Hennige, SJ, Smith, DJ, Perkins, R, Consalvey, M, Paterson, DM & Suggett, DJ 2008, 'Photoacclimation, growth and distribution of massive coral species in clear and turbid waters' Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol 369, pp. 77-88. DOI: 10.3354/meps07612
Tolhurst, TJ, Watts, CW, Vardy, S, Saunders, JE, Consalvey, MC & Paterson, DM 2008, 'The effects of simulated rain on the erosion threshold and biogeochemical properties of intertidal sediments' Continental Shelf Research, vol 28, pp. 1217-1230. DOI: 10.1016/j.csr.2008.01.005
Spears, BM, Saunders, JE, Davidson, I & Paterson, DM 2008, 'Microalgal sediment biostabilisation along a salinity gradient in the Eden Estuary, Scotland: unravelling a paradox' Marine Freshwater Research, vol 59, no. 4, pp. 313-321. DOI: 10.1071/MF07164
Spears, BM, Carvalho, L, Perkins, R & Paterson, DM 2008, 'Effects of light on sediment nutrient flux and water column nutrient stoichiometry in a shallow lake' Water Research, vol 42, pp. 977-986. DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2007.09.012
Noffke, N & Paterson, D 2008, 'Microbial interactions with physical sediment dynamics, and their significance for the interpretation of Earth's biological history' Geobiology, vol 6, pp. 14. DOI: 10.1111/j.1472-4669.2007.00132.x
Tolhurst, TJ, Consalvey, M & Paterson, DM 2008, 'Changes in cohesive sediment properties associated with the growth of a diatom biofilm' Hydrobiologia, vol 596, no. 1, pp. 225-239. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-007-9099-9
Eckman, JE, Andres, MS, Marinelli, RL, Bowlin, E, Reid, RP, Aspden, RJ & Paterson, DM 2008, 'Wave and sediment dynamics along a shallow subtidal sandy beach inhabited by modern stromatolites' Geobiology, vol 6, pp. 21-32. DOI: DOI: 10.1111/j.1472-4669.2007.00133.x
Gerbersdorf, SU, Janke, T, Westrich, B & Paterson, DM 2008, 'Microbial stabilization of riverine sediments by extracellular polymeric substances' Geobiology, vol 6, no. 1, pp. 57-69. DOI: 10.1111/j.1472-4669.2007.00120.x
Paterson, DM, Aspden, RJ, Visscher, PT, Consalvey, M, Andres, M, Decho, AW, Stolz, J & Reid, PR 2008, 'Light-dependant biostabilisation of sediments by stromatolite assemblages' PLoS One, vol 3, no. 9, pp. e3176. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0003176
Saunders, JE, Al Zahed, K & Paterson, DM 2007, 'The impact of organic pollution on the macrobenthic fauna of Dubai Creek (UAE).' Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol 54, pp. 1715-1723. DOI: doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2007.07.002
Dyson, KE, Bulling, MT, Solan, M, Hernandez-Millian, N, Raffaelli, DG, White, PCL & Paterson, DM 2007, 'Influence of macrofaunal assemblages and environmental heterogeneity on microphytobenthic production in experimental systems' Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences, vol 274, no. 1625, pp. 2547-2554. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2007.0922
Spears, BM, Carvalho, L, Perkins, R, Kirika, A & Paterson, DM 2007, 'Sediment phosphorus cycling in a shallow lake: spatio-temporal variations in phosphorus pools and release' Hydrobiologia, vol 584, no. 1, pp. 37-48. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-007-0610-0
Vardy, S, Saunders, J, Tolhurst, TJ, Davis, P & Paterson, DM 2007, 'Calibration of the high pressure Cohesive Strength Meter (CSM)' Continental Shelf Research, vol 27, no. 8, pp. 1190-1199. DOI: 10.1016/j.csr.2006.01.022
Spears, BM, Carvalho, L & Paterson, DM 2007, 'Phosphorus partitioning in a shallow lake: implications for water quality management' Water and Enviroment Journal, vol 21, pp. 47-53. DOI: 10.1111/j.1747-6593.2006.00045.x
Tolhurst, TJ, Friend, P, Watts, C, Wakefield, R, Black, KS & Paterson, DM 2006, 'The effects of rain on the erosion threshold of intertidal cohesive sediments' Aquatic Ecology, vol 40, no. 4, pp. 533-541. DOI: 10.1007/s10452-004-8058-z
Tolhurst, T, Defew, EC, Perkins, R, Sharples, A & Paterson, DM 2006, 'The effects of tidally-driven temporal variation on measuring intertidal cohesive sediment erosion threshold.' Aquatic Ecology, vol 40, no. 4, pp. 521-531. DOI: 10.1007/s10452-005-9001-7
Jesus, B, Perkins, R, Consalvey, M, Brotas, V & Paterson, DM 2006, 'Chlorophyll fluorescence as a proxy for microphytobenthic biomass: alternatives to the current methodology.' Marine Biology, vol 150, pp. 17-28. DOI: 10.1007/s00227-006-0324-2
Perkins, R, Davidson, IR & Paterson, DM 2006, 'Low-temperature SEM imaging of polymer structure in artificial sediments and the implications regarding sediment stability.' Geoderma, vol 134, pp. 48-55. DOI: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2005.08.017
Boogert, NJ, Paterson, DM & Laland, KN 2006, 'The implications of niche construction and ecosystem engineering for conservation biology' Bioscience, vol 56, no. 7, pp. 570-578. DOI: 10.1641/0006-3568(2006)56[570:TIONCA]2.0.CO;2
Todd, CD, Phelan, PJC, Weinmann, BE, Gude, AR, Andrews, C, Paterson, DM, Lonergan, ME & Miron, G 2006, 'Improvements to a passive trap for quantifying barnacle larval supply to semi-exposed rocky shores' Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, vol 332, no. 2, pp. 135-150. DOI: 10.1016/j.jembe.2005.11.013
Jesus, B, Mendes, CR, Brotas, V & Paterson, DM 2006, 'Effect of sediment type on microphytobenthos vertical distribution: Modeling the productive biomass and improving ground truth measurements' Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, vol 332, pp. 60-74. DOI: 10.1016/j.jembe.2005.11.005
Kromkamp, JC, Morris, EP, Forster, RM, Honeywill, C, Hagerthey, S & Paterson, DM 2006, 'Relationship of intertidal surface sediment chlorophyll concentration to hyperspectral reflectance and chlorophyll fluorescence' Estuaries and Coasts, vol 29, no. 2, pp. 183-196. DOI: 10.1007/BF02781988
Tolhurst, TJ, Defew, EC, de Brouwer, JFC, Wolfstein, K, Stal, L & Paterson, DM 2006, 'Small-scale temporal and spatial variability in the erosion threshold and properties of cohesive intertidal sediments' Continental Shelf Research, vol 26, no. 3, pp. 351-362. DOI: 10.1016/j.csr.2005.11.007
Spears, BM, Carvalho, L, Perkins, R, Kirika, A & Paterson, DM 2006, 'Spatial and historical variation in sediment phosphorus fractions and mobility in a large shallow' Water Research, vol 40, pp. 383-391. DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2005.11.013
Tolhurst, T, Defew, EC, de Brouwer, J, Wolfstein, K, Stal, L & Paterson, DM 2006, 'Small scale temporal and spatial variability in the erosion threhold and properties of cohesive intertidal sediments' Continental Shelf Research, vol 26, no. 3, pp. 351-362.
Honeywill, C, Consalvey, M & Paterson, DM 2006, 'In situ temporal studies of microphytobenthos using pulse-modulated fluorescence' Nova Hedwigia, pp. 265-283.
Solan, M, Raffaelli, DG, Paterson, DM, White, PCL & Pierce, GJ 2006, 'Introduction to Marine biodiversity and ecosystem function: empirical approaches and future research needs.' Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol 311, pp. 175-178.
Jesus, B, Perkins, RG, Consalvey, M, Brotas, V & Paterson, DM 2006, 'Effects of vertical migrations by benthic microalgae on fluorescence measurements of photophysiology' Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol 315, pp. 55-66.
Austin, HA, Austin, WEN & Paterson, DM 2005, 'Extracellular cracking and content removal of the benthic diatom Pleurosigma angulatum (Quekett) by the benthic foraminifera Haynesina germanica (Ehrenberg).' Marine Micropalaeontology, vol 57, no. 3-4, pp. 68-73. DOI: 10.1016/j.marmicro.2005.07.002
Jesus, B, Marani, M, Brotas, V & Paterson, DM 2005, 'Spatial dynamics of microphytobenthos determined by PAM fluorescence' Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, vol 65, pp. 30-42. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecss.2005.05.005
Sun, HY, Player, MA, Watson, J, Hendry, DC, Perkins, RG, Gust, G & Paterson, DM 2005, 'The use of digital/electronic holography for biological applications' Journal of Optics A: Pure and Applied Optics, vol 7, no. 6, pp. S399-S407. DOI: 10.1088/1464-4258/7/6/022
Consalvey, M, Perkins, RG, Paterson, DM & Underwood, GJC 2005, 'Pam fluorescence: A beginners guide for benthic diatomists' Diatom Research, vol 20, pp. 122.
Underwood, GJC, Perkins, RG, Consalvey, MC, Hanlon, ARM, Oxborough, K, Baker, NR & Paterson, DM 2005, 'Patterns in microphytobenthic primary productivity: Species-specific variation in migratory rhythms and photosynthetic efficiency in mixed-species biofilms.' Limnology and Oceanography, vol 50, no. 3, pp. 755-767. DOI: 10.4319/lo.2005.50.3.0755
Paterson, DM Biodiversity and Functionality of Aquatic Ecosystems.
Perkins, RG, Paterson, DM, Sun, H, Watson, J & Player, MA 2004, 'Extracellular Polymeric Substances: quantification and use in erosion experiments.' Continental Shelf Research, vol 24, pp. 1623. DOI: 10.1016/j.csr.2004.06.001
Perkins, RG, Sun, H, Watson, J, Player, MA, Gust, G & Paterson, DM 2004, 'In-line laser holography and video analysis of eroded floc from engineered and estuarine sediments' Environmental Science and Technology, vol 38, no. 17, pp. 4640-4648. DOI: 10.1021/es040011i
Consalvey, M, Jesus, B, Perkins, RG, Brotas, V & Paterson, DM 2004, 'Monitoring migration and measuring biomass in benthic biofilms: the effects of dark/far red adaptation and vertical migration on fluorescence measurements' Photosynthesis Research, vol 81, no. 1, pp. 91-101. DOI: 10.1023/B:PRES.0000028397.86495.b5
Sun, H, Perkins, RG, Watson, J, Player, MA & Paterson, DM 2004, 'Observations of coastal sediment erosion using in-line holography.' Journal of Optics A: Pure and Applied Optics, vol 6, no. 7, pp. 703-710. DOI: 10.1088/1464-4258/6/7/008
Aspden, RJ, Vardy, S, Perkins, RG, Davidson, IR, Bates, R & Paterson, DM 2004, 'The effects of clam fishing on the properties of the surface sediments in the lagoon of Venice, Italy.' Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, vol 8, no. 2, pp. 160-169.
Defew, EC, Perkins, R & Paterson, DM 2004, 'The influence of light and temperature interactions on a natural estuarine microphytobenthic assemblage' Biofilms, vol 1, no. 1, pp. 21-30. DOI: 10.1017/S1479050503001054
Consalvey, M, Vardy, S, Aspden, RJ, Davidson, I & Paterson, DM 2004, Two years in the life of the Eden Estuary: using a toolbox to assess change. in Delivering sustainable coasts: connecting science and policy. Cambridge Publications, pp. 355-360.
Consalvey, M, Paterson, DM & Underwood, GJC 2004, 'The ups and downs of life in a benthic biofilm: Migration of benthic diatoms.' Diatom Research, vol 19, no. 2, pp. 181-202.
Aspden, RJ, Vardy, S & Paterson, DM 2004, Salt Marsh Microbial Ecology: Microbes, Benthic Mats and Sediment Movement. in S Fagherazzi, M Marani & LK Blum (eds), The Ecogeomorphology of Tidal Marshes. Amercian Geophysical Uniion, pp. 115-136.
Olafsson, JS & Paterson, DM 2004, 'Alteration of biogenic structure and physical properties by tube-building chironomid larvae in cohesive sediments' Aquatic Ecology, vol 38, pp. 219-229.
Tolhurst, TJ, Jesus, B, Brotas, V & Paterson, DM 2003, 'Diatom migration and sediment armouring- An example from the Tagus Estuary, Portugal' Hydrobiologia, vol 503, no. 1-3, pp. 183-193. DOI: 10.1023/B:HYDR.0000008474.33782.8d
Hauton, C & Paterson, DM A novel shear vane used to determine the evolution of hydraulic dredge tracks in sub-tidal marine sediments. DOI: 10.1016/S0272-7714(03)00055-6
Perkins, RG, Honeywill, C, Consalvey, M, Austin, HA, Tolhurst, TJ & Paterson, DM 2003, 'Changes in microphytobenthic chlorophyll a resulting from sediment compaction due to de-watering: opposing patterns in concentration and content' Continental Shelf Research, vol 23, pp. 575-586. DOI: 10.1016/S0278-4343(03)00006-2
Raffaelli, D, Emmerson, M, Solan, M, Biles, C & Paterson, D 2003, 'Biodiversity and ecosystem processes in shallow coastal waters: an experimental approach' Journal of Sea Research, vol 49, no. 2, pp. 133-141. DOI: 10.1016/S1385-1101(02)00200-9
Biles, CL, Solan, M, Isaksson, I, Paterson, DM, Emes, C & Raffaelli, DG 2003, 'Flow modifies the effect of biodiversity on ecosystem functioning: an in situ study of estuarine sediments' Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, vol 285-286, pp. 165-177. DOI: 10.1016/s0022-0981(02)00525-7
Underwood, GJC & Paterson, DM 2003, 'The importance of extracellular carbohydrate production by marine epipelic diatoms' Advances in Botanical Research, vol 40, pp. 183-240. DOI: 10.1016/S0065-2296(05)40005-1
Defew, EC, Tolhurst, TJ, Paterson, DM & Hagerthey, SE 2003, Can the stability of intertidal sediments be predicted from proxy parameters? An in situ investigation. in D Raffaelli, M Solan, DM Paterson, AL Buck & JR Pomfret (eds), Estuarine and Coastal Sciences Association. vol. 5, pp. 61-70.
Biles, CL, Paterson, DM & Ford, RB 2003, Importance of bioturbation as an ecosystem function in marine sediments. in DG Raffaelli, M Solan, DM Paterson, AL Buck & JR Pomfret (eds), Coastal zone topics 5: The estuaries and coasts of north-east Scotland.. pp. 245.
Perkins, RG, Davidson, IR & Paterson, DM Low temperature SEM imaging of polymer structure in artificial sediments and the implications regarding sediment stability.

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