Dr Gordon Hastie

Senior Research Fellow

tel: 01334 462637
fax:
email: gdh10@st-andrews.ac.uk
room: 2.06  (SOI)
Scottish Oceans Institute
East Sands
University of St Andrews
St Andrews
Fife
KY16 8LB
UK


General Information



My research interests focus on how marine mammals’ utilise the dynamic nature of their environment and how they adjust their behaviour in response to changes in their environments.  This includes natural environmental changes and responses to man-made perturbations.  As we see the increasing urbanisation of marine environments, I am particularly interested in how marine mammals perceive and respond to novel man-made sources in the ocean.

Current projects

Impacts of marine renewable energy technologies

Many countries have set ambitious targets for renewable energy, with energy from offshore sources anticipated to form an important part of this; this has led to the proposed installation of wind, wave, and tidal energy converters around the coast. However, these potentially hazardous to marine mammals and understanding how they perceive and respond to renewable devices is critical to ensure that they can co-exist at the scales currently being envisaged for the industry. My research includes studies of the impacts of wind farm construction on harbour seals and behavioural responses of seals to tidal stream energy devices.

Effects of underwater noise on foraging efficiency

There is increasing evidence that man-made noise can compromise decision-making during foraging which may lead to reductions in foraging efficiency and ultimately individual fitness of a range of species. I am interested in understanding how the foraging efficiency of air breathing marine predators, which have relatively rigid physiological constraints, can be affected by underwater noise.

Use of dynamic habitats by marine predators

In marine systems, tidal and meteorological processes, together with geographical features such as narrow coastal channels effectively create habitats that are in constant flux due to water movements. My research looks to understand the unique challenges and opportunities this creates for marine predators using them.

 

PhD students

  • Katherine Whyte, University of St Andrews. "Behavioural responses by seals to offshore energy activities". Co-supervised with Debbie Russell (SMRU), Len Thomas (CREEM), and Carol Sparling (SMRU Consulting). 
  • Joe Onoufriou, University of St Andrews. "Effects of tidal turbines on the movements of marine predators in tidally energetic areas". Co-supervised with Dave Thompson (SMRU), Liz Masden (UHI), Jared Wilson (Marine Scotland), and John Baxter (SNH). 
  • Gemma Veneruso, Bangor University. "Investigating disturbance of small cetaceans from offshore anthropogenic developments". Co-supervised with Line Cordes and Lewis LeVay (University of Bangor). 

Alumni

  • Nienke Van Geel, Scottish Association for Marine Science. "Predator movements in complex geography: Spatial distribution and temporal occurrence of low-density bottlenose dolphin communities off western Scotland". Co-supervised with Ben Wilson (SAMS). 

Research Overview

My research interests focus on how marine mammals’ utilise the dynamic nature of their environment and how they adjust their behaviour in response to changes in their environments.  This includes natural environmental changes and responses to man-made perturbations.  As we see the increasing urbanisation of marine environments, I am particularly interested in how marine mammals perceive and respond to novel man-made sources in the ocean.

Current projects

Impacts of marine renewable energy technologies

Many countries have set ambitious targets for renewable energy, with energy from offshore sources anticipated to form an important part of this; this has led to the proposed installation of wind, wave, and tidal energy converters around the coast. However, these potentially hazardous to marine mammals and understanding how they perceive and respond to renewable devices is critical to ensure that they can co-exist at the scales currently being envisaged for the industry. My research includes studies of the impacts of wind farm construction on harbour seals and behavioural responses of seals to tidal stream energy devices.

Effects of underwater noise on foraging efficiency

There is increasing evidence that man-made noise can compromise decision-making during foraging which may lead to reductions in foraging efficiency and ultimately individual fitness of a range of species. I am interested in understanding how the foraging efficiency of air breathing marine predators, which have relatively rigid physiological constraints, can be affected by underwater noise.

Use of dynamic habitats by marine predators

In marine systems, tidal and meteorological processes, together with geographical features such as narrow coastal channels effectively create habitats that are in constant flux due to water movements. My research looks to understand the unique challenges and opportunities this creates for marine predators using them.

 

PhD students

  • Katherine Whyte, University of St Andrews. "Behavioural responses by seals to offshore energy activities". Co-supervised with Debbie Russell (SMRU), Len Thomas (CREEM), and Carol Sparling (SMRU Consulting). 
  • Joe Onoufriou, University of St Andrews. "Effects of tidal turbines on the movements of marine predators in tidally energetic areas". Co-supervised with Dave Thompson (SMRU), Liz Masden (UHI), Jared Wilson (Marine Scotland), and John Baxter (SNH). 
  • Gemma Veneruso, Bangor University. "Investigating disturbance of small cetaceans from offshore anthropogenic developments". Co-supervised with Line Cordes and Lewis LeVay (University of Bangor). 

Alumni

Nienke Van Geel, Scottish Association for Marine Science. "Predator movements in complex geography: Spatial distribution and temporal occurrence of low-density bottlenose dolphin communities off western Scotland". Co-supervised with Ben Wilson (SAMS).

 
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Recent Publications

Graham, I, Pirotta, E, Merchant, N, Farcas, A, Barton, T, Cheney, B, Hastie, GD & Thompson, P 2017, 'Responses of bottlenose dolphins and harbour porpoises to impact and vibration piling noise during harbour construction' Ecosphere.
Rosen, D, Hindle, A, Fahlman, A, Gerlinsky, C, Goundie, E, Hastie, GD, Volpov, B & Trites, A 2017, 'Physiological constraints and energetic costs of diving behaviour in marine mammals:: a review of studies using trained Steller sea lions diving in the open ocean' Journal of Comparative Physiology B: Biochemical, Systems, and Environmental Physiology, vol 187, no. 1, pp. 29-50. DOI: 10.1007/s00360-016-1035-8
Lucke, K, Hastie, GD, Ternes, K, McConnell, BJ, Moss, S, Russell, DJ, Weber, H & Janik, VM 2016, 'Aerial low frequency hearing in captive and free-ranging harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) using auditory brainstem responses' Journal of Comparative Physiology A: Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology, vol 202, no. 12, pp. 859-868. DOI: 10.1007/s00359-016-1126-8
Hastie, GD, Russell, DJ, Benjamins, S, Moss, S, Wilson, B & Thompson, D 2016, 'Dynamic habitat corridors for marine predators: intensive use of a coastal channel by harbour seals is modulated by tidal currents' Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, vol 70, no. 12, pp. 2161–2174. DOI: 10.1007/s00265-016-2219-7
Russell, DJF, Hastie, GD, Thompson, D, Janik, VM, Hammond, PS, Scott-Hayward, LAS, Matthiopoulos, J, Jones, EL & McConnell, BJ 2016, 'Avoidance of wind farms by harbour seals is limited to pile driving activities' Journal of Applied Ecology, vol 53, no. 6, pp. 1642-1652. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12678
McConnell, BJ, Smout, SC, Wu, G-M, Thompson, D, Irving, P & Hastie, GD 2016, Marine Renewable Energy MRE1 Annual Report: Marine Mammals and Tidal Energy. Sea Mammal Research Unit.
Benjamins, S, van Geel, N, Hastie, G, Elliott, J & Wilson, B 2016, 'Harbour porpoise distribution can vary at small spatiotemporal scales in energetic habitats' Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, vol In press. DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2016.07.002
Sparling, CE, Gillespie, DM, Hastie, GD, Gordon, JCD, MacAulay, JDJ, Malinka, CE, Wu, G-M & McConnell, BJ 2016, Scottish Government Demonstration Strategy: Trialing methods for tracking the fine scale underwater movements of marine mammals in areas of marine renewable energy development. vol. 7, 14 edn, Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science.
Hastie, GD, Russell, DJF, McConnell, BJ, Thompson, D & Janik, VM 2016, 'Multiple-pulse sounds and seals: results of a harbour seal (Phoca vitulina) telemetry study during windfarm construction' Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, vol 875, pp. 425-430. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4939-2981-8_50
Graham, IM, Cheney, B, Hewitt, R, Cordes, L, Hastie, GD, Russell, DJF, Arso Civil, M, Hammond, PS & Thompson, P 2016, Strategic Regional Pre-construction Marine Mammal Monitoring Programme Annual Report 2016. Annual report for the Moray Firth Regional Advisory Group, University of Aberdeen.
Onoufriou, J, Jones, EL, Hastie, GD & Thompson, D 2016, Investigations into the interactions between harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) and vessels in the inner Moray Firth. Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science, no. 24, vol. 74, Marine Scotland. DOI: 10.7489/1805-1
Benjamins, S, Dale, A, Hastie, GD, Waggitt, J, Lea, M-A, Scott, B & Wilson, B 2015, Confusion reigns? A review of marine megafauna interactions with tidal-stream environments. in RN Hughes, DJ Hughes, IP Smith & AC Dale (eds), Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review. Oceanography and Marine Biology - An Annual Review, vol. 53, CRC Press, pp. 1-54. DOI: 10.1201/b18733-2
Hastie, GD, Russell, DJF, McConnell, BJ, Moss, S, Thompson, D & Janik, VM 2015, 'Sound exposure in harbour seals during the installation of an offshore wind farm: predictions of auditory damage' Journal of Applied Ecology, vol 52, no. 3, pp. 631-640. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12403
Russell, DJF, Brasseur, S, Thompson, D, Hastie, GD, Janik, VM, Aarts, G, McClintock, BT, Matthiopoulos, J, Moss, S & McConnell, BJ 2014, 'Marine mammals trace anthropogenic structures at sea' Current Biology, vol 24, no. 14, pp. R638-R639. DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2014.06.033
Wilson, LJ, Burrows, M, Hastie, GD & Wilson, B 2014, 'Temporal variation and characterization of grunt sounds produced by Atlantic cod Gadus morhua and pollack Pollachius pollachius during the spawning season' Journal of Fish Biology, vol 84, no. 4, pp. 1014–1030. DOI: 10.1111/jfb.12342
Hastie, GD, Donovan, CR, Gotz, T & Janik, VM 2014, 'Behavioral responses by grey seals (Halichoerus grypus) to high frequency sonar' Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol 79, no. 1-2, pp. 205-210. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2013.12.013
Hastie, GD, Gillespie, DM, Gordon, JCD, MacAulay, JDJ, McConnell, BJ & Sparling, CE 2014, Tracking technologies for quantifying marine mammal interactions with tidal turbines: pitfalls and possibilities. in M Shields & A Payne (eds), Marine Renewable Energy Technology and Environmental Interactions. Humanity and the Sea, Springer Science and Business Media, Dordrecht. DOI: 10.1007/978-94-017-8002-5_10
Thompson, PM, Hastie, GD, Nedwell, J, Barham, R, Brookes, KL, Cordes, LS, Bailey, H & McLean, N 2013, 'Framework for assessing impacts of pile-driving noise from offshore wind farm construction on a harbour seal population' Environmental Impact Assessment Review, vol 43, pp. 73-85. DOI: 10.1016/j.eiar.2013.06.005
McConnell, BJ, Gillespie, DM, Gordon, JCD, Hastie, GD, Johnson, M & MacAulay, JDJ 2013, Methods for tracking fine scale underwater movements of marine mammals around marine tidal devices: Report to Scottish Government Marine Mammal Scientific Support Research Programme MMSS/001/11. Scottish Government, Edinburgh.
New, LF, Harwood, J, Thomas, L, Donovan, CR, Clark, J, Hastie, GD, Thompson, P, Cheney, B, Scott Hayward, LAS & Lusseau, D 2013, 'Modelling the biological significance of behavioural change in coastal bottlenose dolphins in response to disturbance' Functional Ecology, vol 27, pp. 314-322. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2435.12052
Pirotta, E, Milor, R, Quick, NJ, Moretti, D, Dimarzio, N, Tyack, PL, Boyd, I & Hastie, GD 2012, 'Vessel noise affects beaked whale behavior: Results of a dedicated acoustic response study' PLoS One, vol 7, no. 8, e42535. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0042535
Sayigh, L, Quick, NJ, Hastie, GD & Tyack, PL 2012, 'Repeated call types in short-finned pilot whales, Globicephala macrorhynchus.' Marine Mammal Science. DOI: 10.1111/j.1748-7692.2012.00577.x
Walker, C, MacKenzie, ML, Donovan, CR, Hastie, GD, Quick, NJ & Kidney, D 2011, 'Classification of Animal Dive Tracks via Automatic Landmarking, Principal Components Analysis and Clustering' Ecosphere. DOI: 10.1890/ES11-00034.1
Fahlman, A, Hastie, GD, Rosen, DAS, Naito, Y & Trites, AW 2008, 'Buoyancy does not affect diving metabolism during shallow dives in Steller sea lions Eumetopias jubatus' Aquatic Biology, vol 3, no. 2, pp. 147-154. DOI: 10.3354/ab00074
Rosen, D, Fahlman, A, Trites, A & Hastie, G 2007, 'Laboratory studies in wildlife conservation: The case of the Steller sea lion' Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, vol 146, no. 4, pp. S84-S84. DOI: 10.1016/j.cbpa.2007.01.111
Fahlman, A, Hastie, GD, Rosen, DAS & Trites, AW 2007, 'The influence of buoyancy on diving metabolism of Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus)' FASEB Journal, vol 21, no. 5, pp. A593-A594.
Hastie, GD, Rosen, DAS & Trites, AW 2007, 'Reductions in oxygen consumption during dives and estimated submergence limitations of Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus)' Marine Mammal Science, vol 23, no. 2, pp. 272-286.
Hastie, GD, Rosen, DAS & Trites, AW 2006, 'The influence of depth on a breath-hold diver: Predicting the diving metabolism of Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus)' Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, vol 336, no. 2, pp. 163-170. DOI: 10.1016/j.jembe.2006.05.004
Hastie, GD, Wilson, B & Thompson, PM 2006, 'Diving deep in a foraging hotspot: acoustic insights into bottlenose dolphin dive depths and feeding behaviour' Marine Biology, vol 148, no. 5, pp. 1181-1188. DOI: 10.1007/s00227-005-0143-x
Hastie, GD, Rosen, DAS & Trites, AW 2006, Studying diving energetics of trained Steller sea lions in the open sea. in AW Trites, SK Atkinson, DP DeMaster, LW Fritz, TS Gelatt, LD Rea & KM Wynne (eds), Sea Lions of the World. Alaska Sea Grant College Program, Fairbanks, pp. 193-204, 22nd Lowell Wakefield Fisheries Symposium on Sea Lions of the World, Anchorage, 30-3 October.
Hastie, GD, Swift, RJ, Slesser, G, Thompson, PM & Turrell, WR 2005, 'Environmental models for predicting oceanic dolphin habitat in the Northeast Atlantic' ICES Journal of Marine Science, vol 62, no. 4, pp. 760-770. DOI: 10.1016/j.icesjms.2005.02.004
Hastie, GD, Wilson, B, Wilson, LJ, Parsons, KM & Thompson, PM 2004, 'Functional mechanisms underlying cetacean distribution patterns: hotspots for bottlenose dolphins are linked to foraging' Marine Biology, vol 144, no. 2, pp. 397-403. DOI: 10.1007/s00227-003-1195-4
Hastie, GD, Wilson, B & Thompson, PM 2003, 'Fine-scale habitat selection by coastal bottlenose dolphins: application of a new land-based video-montage technique' Canadian Journal of Zoology, vol 81, no. 3, pp. 469-478. DOI: 10.1139/Z03-028
Hastie, GD, Wilson, B, Tufft, LH & Thompson, PM 2003, 'Bottlenose dolphins increase breathing synchrony in response to boat traffic' Marine Mammal Science, vol 19, no. 1, pp. 74-84.
Hastie, GD, Swift, RJ, Gordon, JCD, Slesser, G & Turrell, W 2003, 'Sperm whale distribution and seasonal density in the Faroe Shetland Channel.' Journal of Cetacean Research and Management, vol 5, no. 3, pp. 74-84.
Hastie, GD, Barton, T, Grellier, K, Hammond, PS, Swift, RJ, Thompson, P & Wilson, B 2003, 'Distribution of small cetaceans within a candidate Special Area of Conservation; implications for management.' Journal of Cetacean Research and Management, vol 5, no. 3, pp. 261-266.
Denardo, C, Dougherty, M, Hastie, G, Leaper, R, Wilson, B & Thompson, PM 2001, 'A new technique to measure spatial relationships within groups of free-ranging coastal cetaceans' Journal of Applied Ecology, vol 38, no. 4, pp. 888-895.
Van Parijs, SM, Hastie, GD & Thompson, PM 2000, 'A design for a two-dimensional boat-bound hydrophone array for studying harbor seals, Phoca vitulina' Marine Mammal Science, vol 16, no. 2, pp. 481-488.
Van Parijs, SM, Hastie, GD & Thompson, PM 2000, 'Individual and geographical variation in display behaviour of male harbour seals in Scotland' Animal Behaviour, vol 59, pp. 559-568.
Van Parijs, SM, Hastie, GD & Thompson, PM 1999, 'Geographical variation in temporal and spatial vocalization patterns of male harbour seals in the mating season' Animal Behaviour, vol 58, pp. 1231-1239.
Van Parijs, SM, Thompson, PM, Hastie, GD & Bartels, BA 1998, 'Modification and deployment of a sonobuoy for recording underwater vocalizations from marine mammals' Marine Mammal Science, vol 14, no. 2, pp. 310-316.


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