Dr Jeff Graves

Honorary Senior Lecturer

tel: 01334 463518/3358
fax: 01334 463600
email: jag@st-andrews.ac.uk
room: DB10, Lab 114  (Dyers Brae)
Dyers Brae
University of St Andrews
St Andrews
KY16 9TH

General Information

Additional Information

Research interests: Behavioural Ecology and Molecular Ecology

Paternity and maternity in the communal nesting system of the ostrich, and paternity in monogamous species of birds. Molecular markers to look at the the effects of male mating strategies on gene flow in freshwater fish species. Phylogeny and population structure of Goodeid fish. Male mating success in bush crickets.

Research Group:

Visiting Professor Constatino Macias (University of Mexico)

Research Students:

Ms P Celis
Ms E Pariser
Ms V Islas

Funded collaborations:

NERC, BBSRC, British Council, Research Council of Norway, Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento de Ciencia e Tecnologia de Brazil,


Recent Publications

Olsen, MT, Islas, V, Graves, JA, Onoufriou, A, Vincent, C, Brasseur, S, Frie, AK & Hall, AJ 2017, 'Genetic population structure of harbour seals in the United Kingdom and neighbouring waters' Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, vol Early View. DOI: 10.1002/aqc.2760
Manica, LT, Macedo, RH, Graves, JA & Podos, J 2017, 'Vigor and skill in the acrobatic mating displays of a Neotropical songbird' Behavioral Ecology, vol 28, no. 1, pp. 164-173. DOI: 10.1093/beheco/arw143
Manica, LT, Graves, JA, Podos, J & Macedo, RH 2016, 'Multimodal flight display of a neotropical songbird predicts social pairing but not extrapair mating success' Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, vol 70, no. 12, pp. 2039-2052. DOI: 10.1007/s00265-016-2208-x
Fietz, K, Galatius, A, Teilmann, J, Dietz, R, Frie, AK, Klimova, A, Palsbøll, PJ, Jensen, LF, Graves, JA, Hoffman, JI & Olsen, MT 2016, 'Shift of grey seal subspecies boundaries in response to climate, culling and conservation' Molecular Ecology, vol 25, no. 17, pp. 4097-4112. DOI: 10.1111/mec.13748
López-Rull, I, Lifshitz, N, Macías Garcia, C, Graves, JA & Torres, R 2016, 'Females of a polymorphic seabird dislike foreign-looking males' Animal Behaviour, vol 113, pp. 31-38. DOI: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2015.12.023
Braulik, GT, Barnett, R, Odon, V, Islas-Villanueva, V, Hoelzel, AR & Graves, JA 2015, 'One species or two? Vicariance, lineage divergence and low mtDNA diversity in geographically isolated populations of South Asian river dolphin' Journal of Mammalian Evolution, vol 22, no. 1, pp. 111-120. DOI: 10.1007/s10914-014-9265-6
Fietz, K, Graves, JA & Olsen, MT 2013, 'Control control control: a reassessment and comparison of GenBank and chromatogram mtDNA sequence variation in Baltic grey seals (Halichoerus grypus)' PLoS One, vol 8, no. 8, e72853. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0072853
Pariser, EC, Gilbert, L, Hazon, N, Arnold, KE & Graves, JA 2012, 'Mind the gap: the ratio of yolk androgens and antioxidants varies between sons and daughters dependent on paternal attractiveness' Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, vol 66, no. 4, pp. 519-527. DOI: 10.1007/s00265-011-1300-5
Gilbert, L, Williamson, KA & Graves, JA 2012, 'Male attractiveness regulates daughter fecundity non-genetically via maternal investment' Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol 279, no. 1728, pp. 523-528. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2011.0962
Macias Garcia, C, Smith, G, Gonzalez Zuarth, C, Graves, JA & Ritchie, MG 2012, 'Variation in sexual dimorphism and assortative mating do not predict genetic divergence in the sexually dimorphic Goodeid fish Girardinichthys multiradiatus' Current Zoology, vol 58, no. 3, pp. 440-452.
Lima, MR, Macedo, RH, Muniz, L, Pacheco, A & Graves, JA 2011, 'GROUP COMPOSITION, MATING SYSTEM, AND RELATEDNESS IN THE COMMUNALLY BREEDING GUIRA CUCKOO (GUIRA GUIRA) IN CENTRAL BRAZIL' The Auk, vol 128, no. 3, pp. 475-486. DOI: 10.1525/auk.2011.10234
Graves, JA, Helyar, A, Biuw, M, Juessi, M, Juessi, I & Karlsson, O 2009, 'Microsatellite and mtDNA analysis of the population structure of grey seals (Halichoerus grypus) from three breeding areas in the Baltic Sea' Conservation Genetics, vol 10, no. 1, pp. 59-68. DOI: 10.1007/s10592-008-9517-1
Mann, NI, Dingess, KA, Barker, FK, Graves, JA & Slater, PJB 2009, 'A comparative study of song form and duetting in neotropical Thryothorus wrens' Behaviour, vol 146, no. 1, pp. 1-43. DOI: 10.1163/156853908X390913
Williamson, K, Gilbert, L, Rutstein, AN, Pariser, EC & Graves, JA 2008, 'Within-year differences in reproductive investment in laboratory zebra finches (Taeniopygia guttata), an opportunistically breeding bird' Naturwissenschaften, vol 95, no. 12, pp. 1143-1148. DOI: 10.1007/s00114-008-0436-2
Poland, VF, Pomeroy, P, Twiss, SD & Graves, JA 2008, 'A fine scale study finds limited evidence of kin clustering in a grey seal colony' Marine Mammal Science, vol 24, no. 2, pp. 371-387. DOI: 10.1111/j.1748-7692.2008.00191.x
Rios-Chelen, AA, Graves, JA, Torres, R, Serrano-Pinto, M, D'Alba, L & Garcia, CM 2008, 'Intra-specific brood parasitism revealed by DNA micro-satellite analyses in a sub-oscine bird, the vermilion flycatcher' Revista Chilena de Historia Natural, vol 81, pp. 21-31.
Crawford, NG, Zaldívar-Rae, J, Hagen, C, Schable, A, Rosenblum, ER, Graves, JA, Reeder, TW, Ritchie, MG & Glenn, TC 2008, 'Thirteen polymorphic microsatellite DNA loci from whiptails of the genus Aspidoscelis (Teiidae: Squamata) and related cnemidophorine lizards.' Molecular Ecology Resources, vol 8, no. 1, pp. 219-223. DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-8286.2007.01930.x
Ritchie, MG, Hamill, RM, Graves, JA, Magurran, AE, Webb, SA & Garcia, CM 2007, 'Sex and differentiation: population genetic divergence and sexual dimorphism in Mexican goodeid fish' Journal of Evolutionary Biology, vol 20, no. 5, pp. 2048-2055. DOI: 10.1111/j.1420-9101.2007.01357.x
Gil, D, Slater, PJB & Graves, JA 2007, 'Extra-pair paternity and song characteristics in the willow warbler (Phylloscopus trochilus)' Journal of Avian Biology, vol 38, no. 5, pp. 291-297. DOI: 10.1111/j.2007.0908-8857.03868.x
Hamill, RM, Webb, SA, Garcia, CM, Graves, JA, Magurran, AE & Ritchie, MG 2007, 'Comparison of genetic diversity at microsatellite loci in near-extinct and non-endangered species of Mexican goodeine fishes and prediction of cross-amplification within the family' Journal of Fish Biology, vol 70, pp. 16-32. DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.2006.01288.x
Celis, PD, Gil, D & Graves, JA 2007, 'Isolation and characterization of polymorphic microsatellites isolated from the Spotless starling (Sturnus unicolor) and cross-species amplification in the European starling (Sturnus vulgaris)' Molecular Ecolgy Resources, vol 7, pp. 251-253. DOI: doi: 10.1111/j.1471-8286.2006.01571.x
Twiss, SD, Thomas, CJ, Poland, VF, Graves, JA & Pomeroy, P 2007, 'The impact of climatic variation on the opportunity for sexual selection' Biology Letters, vol 3, no. 1, pp. 12-15. DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2006.0559
Gilbert, L, Bulmer, E, Arnold, KE & Graves, JA 2007, 'Yolk androgens and embryo sex: maternal effects or confounding factors?' Hormones and Behavior, vol 51, no. 2, pp. 231-238. DOI: 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2006.10.005
Carvalho, DBV, Macedo, RH & Graves, JA 2007, 'Reproduction of blue-black grassquits in central Brazil' Brazilian Journal of Biology, vol 67, pp. 275-281.
Mann, NI, Barker, FK, Graves, JA, Dingess-Mann, KA & Slater, PJB 2006, 'Molecular data delineate four genera of "Thryothorus" wrens' Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, vol 40, no. 3, pp. 750-759. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2006.04.014
Carvalho, CBV, Macedo, RH & Graves, JA 2006, 'Breeding strategies of a socially monogamous neotropical passerine: extra-pair fertilizations, behavior and morphology.' Condor, vol 108, no. 2, pp. 579-590.
Gilbert, L, Williamson, KA, Hazon, N & Graves, JA 2006, 'Maternal effects due to male attractiveness affect offspring development in the zebra finch.' Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences, vol 273, no. 1595, pp. 1765-1771. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2006.3520
Twiss, SD, Graves, JA, Poland, VF & Pomeroy, P 2006, 'Finding fathers - spatio-temporal analysis of paternity assignment in grey seals (Halichoerus grypus)' Molecular Ecology, vol 15, pp. 1939-1953. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2006.02927.x
Williamson, KA, Surai, PF & Graves, JA 2006, 'Yolk antioxidants and mate attractiveness in the Zebra Finch' Functional Ecology, vol 20, pp. 354-359. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2435.2006.01087.x
Williamson, KA, Surai, PF & Graves, JA 2006, 'Females increase egg quality for attractive males.' Functional Ecology, vol 20, pp. 354-359.
Bailey, NW, Hockham, LR, Graves, JA & Ritchie, MG 2005, 'Development and characterization of microsatellite loci in Mormon crickets (Anabrus simplex, Orthoptera, Tettigoniidae)' Molecular Ecology Notes, vol 5, no. 3, pp. 613-615. DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-8286.2005.01010.x
Ritchie, MG, Webb, SA, Graves, JA, Magurran, AE & Macias Garcia, C 2005, 'Patterns of speciation in endemic Mexican Goodeid fish: sexual conflict or early radiation?' Journal of Evolutionary Biology, vol 18, no. 4, pp. 922-929. DOI: 10.1111/j.1420-9101.2005.00919.x
Gilbert, L, Rutstein, A, Hazon, N & Graves, JA 2005, 'Sex-biased investment in yolk androgens depends on female quality and laying order in zebra finches (Taeniopygia guttata)' Naturwissenschaften, vol 92, no. 4, pp. 178-181. DOI: 10.1007/s00114-004-0603-z
Rutstein, AN, Gilbert, L, Slater, PJB & Graves, JA 2005, 'Sex-specific patterns of yolk androgen allocation depend on maternal diet in the zebra finch' Behavioral Ecology, vol 16, pp. 62-69. DOI: 10.1093/beheco/arh123
Rutstein, AN, Gorman, HE, Arnold, KE, Gilbert, L, Orr, KJ, Adam, A, Nager, R & Graves, JA 2005, 'Sex allocation in response to paternal attractiveness in the zebra finch' Behavioral Ecology, vol 16, no. 4, pp. 763-769. DOI: 10.1093/beheco/ari052
Hockham, LR, Graves, JA & Ritchie, MG 2004, 'Sperm competition and the level of polyandry in a bushcricket' Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, vol 57, pp. 149-154. DOI: 10.1007/s00265-004-0838-x
Rutstein, AN, Gilbert, L, Slater, PJB & Graves, JA 2004, 'Mate attractiveness and primary resource allocation in the zebra finch.' Animal Behaviour, vol 68, pp. 1087-1094.
Russell, ST, Kelley, JL, Graves, JA & Magurran, AE 2004, 'Kin structure and shoal composition dynamics in the guppy, Poecilia reticulata' Oikos, vol 106, no. 3, pp. 520-526. DOI: 10.1111/j.0030-1299.2004.12847.x
Rutstein, AN, Slater, PJB & Graves, JA 2004, 'Diet quality and resource allocation in the zebra finch' Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol 271, no. Suppl 5, pp. S286-S289. DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2003.0154
Todd, CD, Walker, AM, Ritchie, MG, Graves, JA & Walker, AF 2004, 'Population genetic differentiation of sea lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) parasitic on Atlantic and Pacific salmonids: analyses of microsatellite DNA variation among wild and farmed hosts' Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, vol 61, no. 7, pp. 1176-1190. DOI: 10.1139/f04-069
Webb, SA, Graves, JA, Macias-Garcia, C, Magurran, AE, ÓFoighil, D & Ritchie, MG 2004, 'Molecular phylogeny of the livebearing Goodeidae (Cyprinodontiformes)' Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, vol 30, no. 3, pp. 527-544. DOI: 10.1016/S1055-7903(03)00257-4
Macedo, RHF, Cariello, MO, Graves, JA & Schwabl, H 2004, 'Reproductive partitioning in communally breeding guira cuckoos, Guira guira.' Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, vol 55, pp. 213-222. DOI: 10.1007/s00265-003-0697-x
Muniz, L, Macedo, RF & Graves, JA 2003, 'Isolation and characterization of dinucleotide microsatellite loci in communally breeding guira cuckoos (Aves: Cuculidae)' Molecular Ecology Notes, vol 3, pp. 209-211. DOI: 10.1046/j.1471-8286.2003.00399.x
Kimwele, CN & Graves, JA 2003, 'A molecular genetic analysis of the communal nesting of the ostrich (Struthio camelus)' Molecular Ecology, vol 12, no. 1, pp. 229-236. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-294X.2003.01727.x
Velando, A, Graves, JA & Freire, F 2002, 'Sex-specific growth in the European shag, a sexually size dimorphic seabird' Ibis, vol 144, pp. 9-16.
Slater, PJB, Gil, D, Barlow, CR & Graves, JA 2002, 'Male led duets in the Moho, Hypergerus atriceps, and Yellow-crowned Gonolek, Laniarius barbarus' Ostrich, vol 73, no. 1-2, pp. 49-51. DOI: 10.2989/00306520209485351
Hockham, LR, Graves, JA & Ritchie, MG 2001, 'Variable maternal control of facultative egg diapause in the bushcricket Ephippiger ephippiger' Ecological Entomology, vol 26, no. 2, pp. 143-147. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2311.2001.00312.x
Gil, D & Graves, JA Differential allocation and good genes.
Velando, A, Ortega-Ruano, JE & Graves, JA Individual strategies in the sex ratio of a dimorphic seabird: adaptive variations and interaction with brood sequence.
Gil, D, Graves, JA & Slater, PJB 1999, 'Seasonal patterns of singing in the willow warbler: evidence against the fertility announcement hypothesis' Animal Behaviour, vol 58, pp. 995-1000.
Kelley, JL, Graves, JA & Magurran, AE 1999, 'Familiarity breeds contempt in guppies: Male guppy fish increase their reproductive success by mating with unfamiliar females' Nature, vol 401, pp. 661-662.
Gil, D, Graves, JA, Hazon, N & Wells, A 1999, 'Male attractiveness and differential testosterone investment in zebra finch eggs' Science, vol 286, pp. 126-128.
Hockham, LR, Ritchie, MG & Graves, JA 1999, 'Isolation and characterisation of microsatellite loci in the bushcricket Ephippiger ephippiger (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae)' Molecular Ecology, vol 8, pp. 905-906.
Kimwele, CN, Graves, JA, Burke, T & Hanotte, O 1998, 'Development of microsatellite markers for parentage typing of chicks in the ostrich Struthio camelus' Molecular Ecology, vol 7, no. 2, pp. 249-251. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.1998.00315.x
GOODALE, MA & GRAVES, JA 1990, 'PIGEONS, PRIMATES, AND THE DIVISION-OF-LABOR IN THE VERTEBRATE VISUAL-SYSTEM' Behavioral and Brain Sciences, vol 13, no. 3, pp. 551-551.
GRAVES, J & Byrne, RW 1989, 'MATE SELECTION - THE WRONG CONTROL-GROUP' Behavioral and Brain Sciences, vol 12, no. 3, pp. 527-527.
GRAVES, JA & WHITEN, A 1980, 'ADOPTION OF STRANGE CHICKS BY HERRING-GULLS, LARUS-ARGENTATUS L' Zeitschrift für Tierpsychologie, vol 54, no. 3, pp. 267-278.
GRAVES, JA & GOODALE, MA 1977, 'Failure of interocular transfer in the pigeon (Columba livia)' Physiology & Behavior, vol 19, no. 3, pp. 425-428. DOI: 10.1016/0031-9384(77)90289-X

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