Dr James Rae

Research Fellow

tel: 01334 463910
email: jwbr@st-andrews.ac.uk
room: 502  (Irvine Building)
Irvine Building
University of St Andrews
North Street
St Andrews
KY16 9AL

General Information

My research focuses on reconstructing past climate change and its causes.  I'm particularly interested in the cause of recent glacial-interglacial cycles, and climate changes over the Cenozoic.  To study these questions I use geochemical measurements on fossils, sediments, water and ice, with a special focus on the boron isotope proxy for pH.  I interpret these data with the help of a variety of numerical models.  I'm also fascinated by biomineralisation processes in corals and foraminifera, and the insights that geochemistry offers into calcification and ocean acidification. 

Please see our lab website for further details:




Recent Publications

Haynes, LL, Hönisch, B, Dyez, KA, Holland, K, Rosenthal, Y, Fish, CR, Subhas, AV & Rae, JWB 2017, 'Calibration of the B/Ca proxy in the planktic foraminifer Orbulina universa to Paleocene seawater conditions' Paleoceanography, vol Early View. DOI: 10.1002/2016PA003069
Schmidt, D, Caromel, A, Seki, O, Rae, JWB & Renaud, S 2016, 'Morphological response of planktic foraminifers to habitat modifications associated with the emergence of the Isthmus of Panama' Marine Micropaleontology, vol 128, pp. 28-38. DOI: 10.1016/j.marmicro.2016.08.003
Foster, G & Rae, JWB 2016, 'Reconstructing ocean pH with boron isotopes in foraminifera' Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, vol 44.
Henehan, M, Hull, P, Penman, D, Rae, JWB & Schmidt, D 2016, 'Biogeochemical significance of pelagic ecosystem function: an end-Cretaceous case study' Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. B, Biological Sciences, vol 371, no. 1694. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2015.0510
Henehan, MJ, Foster, GL, Rae, JWB, Prentice, KC, Erez, J, Bostock, HC, Marshall, BJ & Wilson, PA 2015, 'Evaluating the utility of B/Ca ratios in planktic foraminifera as a proxy for the carbonate system: a case study of Globigerinoides ruber' Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, vol 16, no. 4, pp. 1052-1069. DOI: 10.1002/2014GC005514
Martínez-Botí, MA, Marino, G, Foster, GL, Ziveri, P, Henehan, MJ, Rae, JWB, Mortyn, PG & Vance, D 2015, 'Boron isotope evidence for oceanic carbon dioxide leakage during the last deglaciation' Nature, vol 518, no. 7538, pp. 219-22. DOI: 10.1038/nature14155
O'Brien, C, Foster, G, Rae, JWB & Pancost, R 2015, 'Reply to 'Pliocene warmth and gradients'' Nature Geoscience, vol 8, pp. 420. DOI: doi:10.1038/ngeo2445
O'Brien, C, Foster, G, Martinez-Boti, M, Abell, R, Rae, JWB & Pancost, R 2014, 'High sea surface temperatures in tropical warm pools during the Pliocene' Nature Geoscience, vol 7, no. 8, pp. 606-611. DOI: 10.1038/NGEO2194
Rae, JWB, Sarnthein, M, Foster, G, Ridgwell, A, Grootes, P & Elliott, T 2014, 'Deep water formation in the North Pacific and deglacial CO2 rise' Paleoceanography. DOI: 10.1002/2013PA002570
Yu, J, Anderson, RF, Jin, Z, Rae, JWB, Opdyke, BN & Eggins, S 2013, 'Responses of the deep ocean carbonate system to carbon reorganization during the last glacial-interglacial cycle' Quaternary Science Reviews, vol 76, pp. 39-52. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.06.020
Yu, J, Thornalley, DJR, Rae, JWB & McCave, NI 2013, 'Calibration and application of B/Ca, Cd/Ca and delta11B in Neogloboquadrina pachyderma (sinistral) to constrain CO2 uptake in the subpolar North Atlantic during the last deglaciation' Paleoceanography, vol 28, no. 2, pp. 237-252. DOI: 10.1002/palo.20024
Henehan, MJ, Rae, JWB, Foster, GL, Erez, J, Prentice, KC, Kucera, M, Bostock, HC, Martinez-Boti, MA, Milton, JA, Wilson, PA, Marshall, BJ & Elliott, T 2013, 'Calibration of the Boron Isotope Proxy in the Planktonic Foraminifera Globigerinoides ruber for use in palaeo-CO2 reconstruction' Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol 364, pp. 111-122. DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2012.12.029
Gutjahr, M, Vance, D, Hoffmann, DL, Hillenbrand, C-D, Foster, GL, Rae, JWB & Kuhn, G 2013, 'Structural limitations in deriving accurate U-series ages from calcitic cold-water corals contrasts with robust coral radiocarbon and Mg/Ca systematics' Chemical Geology, vol 355, pp. 69-87. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2013.07.002
Foster, GL, Hoenisch, B, Paris, G, Dwyer, G, Rae, JWB, Elliott, T, Gaillardet, J, Hemming, G, Louvat, P & Vengosh, A 2013, 'Interlaboratory comparison of boron isotope analyses of boric acid, seawater and marine CaCO3 by MC-ICPMS and NTIMS' Chemical Geology, vol 358, pp. 1-14. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2013.08.027
Foster, GL, Lear, CH & Rae, JWB 2012, 'The evolution of pCO2, ice volume and climate during the middle Miocene' Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol 341-344, pp. 243-254. DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2012.06.007
Rae, JWB, Foster, GL, Schmidt, DN & Elliott, T 2011, 'Boron isotopes and B/Ca ratios in benthic foraminifera: proxies for the deep ocean carbonate system' Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol 302, no. 3-4, pp. 403-413. DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2010.12.034
van Heuven, S, Pierrot, D, Rae, JWB, Lewis, E & Wallace, DWR, CO2SYS v 1.1: MATLAB Program Developed for CO2 System Calculations. ORNL/CDIAC-105b., 2011, Software, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennesee. DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/otg.CO2SYS_MATLAB_v1.1
Foster, GL, Pogge von Strandmann, PAE & Rae, JWB 2010, 'Boron and magnesium isotopic composition of seawater' Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, vol 11, no. 8, Q08015. DOI: 10.1029/2010GC003201

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