Prof Michael Fedak


tel: 01334 463218
fax: 01334 462632
room: SMRU room 2.11  (SOI)
Scottish Oceans Institute
East Sands
University of St Andrews
St Andrews
KY16 8LB

General Information

Additional Information

Member: NERC Sea Mammal Research Unit
Society of Marine Mammalogy
Society for Experimental Biology


Recent Publications

Heywood, K, Biddle, L, Boehme, L, Dutrieux, P, Fedak, MA, Jenkins, A, Jones, RW, Kaiser, J, Mallett, H, Naveira Garabato, AC, Renfrew, IA, Stevens, DP & Webber, BGM 2016, 'Between the devil and the deep blue sea: the role of the Amundsen Sea continental shelf in exchanges between ocean and ice shelves' Oceanography, vol 29, no. 4, pp. 118-129. DOI: 10.5670/oceanog.2016.104
Hindell, MA, McMahon, CR, Bester, MN, Boehme, L, Costa, D, Fedak, M, Guinet, C, Herraiz-Borreguero, L, Harcourt, RG, Huckstadt, L, Kovacs, KM, Lydersen, C, McInytre, T, Muelbert, M, Roquet, F, Williams, G & Charrassin, J-B 2016, 'Circumpolar habitat use in the southern elephant seal: implications for foraging success and population trajectories' Ecosphere, vol 7, no. 5, e01213, pp. 1-27. DOI: 10.1002/ecs2.1213
Boehme, L, Baker, A, Fedak, M, Årthun, M, Nicholls, K, Robinson, P, Costa, D, Biuw, M & Photopoulou, T 2016, 'Bimodal winter haul-out patterns of adult Weddell seals (Leptonychotes weddellii) in the southern Weddell Sea' PLoS One, vol 11, no. 5, e0155817. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0155817
Gordine, SA, Fedak, M & Boehme, L 2015, 'Fishing for drifts: detecting buoyancy changes of a top marine predator using a step-wise filtering method' Journal of Experimental Biology, vol 218, no. 23, pp. 3816-3824. DOI: 10.1242/jeb.118109
Boehme, L, Baker, A, Fedak, MA, Costa, D & Photopoulou, T 2015, 'Bimodal winter haul-out patterns of Weddell seals in the southern Weddell Sea.' 21st Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, San Francisco, United States, 13/12/15 - 19/12/15, .
Photopoulou, T, Fedak, M, Matthiopoulos, J, McConnell, BJ & Lovell, P 2015, 'The generalized data management and collection protocol for Conductivity-Temperature-Depth Satellite Relay Data Loggers' Animal Biotelemetry, vol 3, 21. DOI: 10.1186/s40317-015-0053-8
Lowther, AD, Lydersen, C, Fedak, MA, Lovell, P & Kovacs, KM 2015, 'The Argos-CLS Kalman filter: error structures and state-space modelling relative to Fastloc GPS data' PLoS One, vol 10, no. 4, e0124754. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0124754
Photopoulou, T, Lovell, P, Fedak, MA, Thomas, L & Matthiopoulos, J 2015, 'Efficient abstracting of dive profiles using a broken-stick model' Methods in Ecology and Evolution, vol 6, no. 3, pp. 278-288. DOI: 10.1111/2041-210X.12328
Mallett, H, Heywood, K, Fedak, M & Boehme, L 2014, 'Seasonal water mass properties in the Amundsen Sea, Antarctica, from seal-borne tags' Challenger Society 2014 Conference, Plymouth, United Kingdom, 8/09/14 - 11/09/14, .
Roquet, F, Williams, G, Hindell, MA, Harcourt, R, McMahon, C, Guinet, C, Charrassin, J-B, Reverdin, G, Boehme, L, Lovell, P & Fedak, M 2014, 'A Southern Indian Ocean database of hydrographic profiles obtained with instrumented elephant seals' Scientific Data, vol 1, 140028. DOI: 10.1038/sdata.2014.28
Photopoulou, T, Fedak, M, Thomas, L & Matthiopoulos, J 2014, 'Spatial variation in maximum dive depth in gray seals in relation to foraging.' Marine Mammal Science, vol 30, no. 3, pp. 923–938 . DOI: 10.1111/mms.12092
Roquet, F, Wunsch, C, Forget, G, Heimbach, P, Guinet, C, Reverdin, G, Charrassin, J-B, Bailleul, F, Costa, DP, Huckstadt, LA, Goetz, KT, Kovacs, KM, Lydersen, C, Biuw, M, Nøst, OA, Bornemann, H, Ploetz, J, Bester, MN, McIntyre, T, Muelbert, MC, Hindell, M, McMahon, CR, Williams, G, Harcourt, R, Field, I, Chafik, L, Nicholls, KW, Boehme, L & Fedak, M 2013, 'Estimates of the Southern Ocean general circulation improved by animal-borne instruments' Geophysical Research Letters, vol 40, pp. 1-5. DOI: 10.1002/2013GL058304
Fedak, M 2013, 'The impact of animal platforms on polar ocean observation' Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, vol 88-89, 1, pp. 7-13. DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2012.07.007
Bennett, KA, Fedak, M, Moss, SEW, Pomeroy, P, Speakman, JR & Hall, AJ 2013, 'The role of glucocorticoids in naturally fasting grey seal (Halichoerus grypus) pups: dexamethasone stimulates mass loss and protein utilisation, but not departure from the colony' Journal of Experimental Biology, vol 216, no. 6, pp. 984-991. DOI: 10.1242/jeb.077438
Arthun, M, Nicholls, KW, Makinson, K, Fedak, M & Boehme, L 2013, 'Seasonal hydrography on the southern Weddell Sea continental shelf using seal tags' European Geophysical Union General Assembly, Vienna, Austria, 7/04/13 - 12/04/13, .
Boehme, L, Thompson, D, Fedak, M, Bowen, D, Hammill, M & Stenson, G 2012, 'How many seals were there? The global shelf loss during the Last Glacial Maximum and its effect on the size and distribution of grey seal populations' PLoS One, vol 7, no. 12, e53000. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0053000
Miller, P, Biuw, M, Watanabe, YY, Thompson, D & Fedak, M 2012, 'Sink fast and swim harder! Round-trip cost-of-transport for buoyant divers' Journal of Experimental Biology, vol 215, no. 20, pp. 3622-3630. DOI: 10.1242/jeb.070128
Arthun, M, Nicholls, K, Makinson, K, Fedak, M & Boehme, L 2012, 'Seasonal inflow of warm water onto the southern Weddell Sea continental shelf, Antarctica' Geophysical Research Letters, vol 39, L17601. DOI: 10.1029/2012GL052856
Field, I, Harcourt, R, Boehme, L, de Bruyn, N, Charrassin, J-B, McMahon, C, Bester, M, Fedak, M & Hindell, M 2012, 'Refining instrument attachment on phocid seals' Marine Mammal Science, vol 28, no. 3, pp. E325–E332. DOI: 10.1111/j.1748-7692.2011.00519.x
Bennett, KA, Moss, S, Pomeroy, P, Speakman, J & Fedak, M 2012, 'Effects of sex and handling regime on changes in body mass, composition, cortisol and thyroid hormones in suckling and fasting grey seal pups' Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, vol 161, no. 1, pp. 69-76. DOI: 10.1016/j.cbpa.2011.09.003
Boehme, L & Fedak, M 2012, Animal-borne sensors. in SR Rintoul, M Sparrow, MP Meredith, V Wadley, K Speer, E Hofmann, C Summerhayes, E Urban & R Bellerby (eds), The Southern Ocean Observing System: Initial Science and Implementation Strategy. SCAR, Cambridge, pp. 38-40.
Forcada, J, Trathan, PN, Boveng, PL, Boyd, I, Burns, JM, Costa, DP, Fedak, M, Rogers, TL & Southwell, CM 2012, 'Responses of Antarctic pack-ice seals to environmental change and increasing krill fishing' Biological Conservation, vol 149, pp. 40-50. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2012.02.002
Aoki, K, Watanabe, YY, Crocker, DE, Robinson, PW, Biuw, M, Costa, DP, Miyazaki, N, Fedak, M & Miller, P 2011, 'Northern elephant seals adjust gliding and stroking patterns with changes in buoyancy: validation of at-sea metrics of body density' Journal of Experimental Biology, vol 214, no. 17, pp. 2973-2987. DOI: 10.1242/jeb.055137
Meredith, MP, Nicholls, KW, Renfrew, IA, Boehme, L, Biuw, M & Fedak, M 2011, 'Seasonal evolution of the upper-ocean adjacent to the South Orkney Islands, Southern Ocean: Results from a "lazy biological mooring"' Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, vol 58, no. 13-16, pp. 1569-1579. DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2009.07.008
Roquet, F, Charrassin, J-B, Marchand, S, Boehme, L, Fedak, M, Reverdin, G & Guinet, C 2011, 'Delayed-mode calibration of hydrographic data obtained from animal-borne satellite-relay data loggers' Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, vol 28, no. 0, pp. 787–801. DOI: 10.1175/2010JTECHO801.1
Costa, DP, Huckstadt, LA, Crocker, DE, McDonald, BI, Goebel, ME & Fedak, MA 2010, 'Approaches to Studying Climatic Change and its Role on the Habitat Selection of Antarctic Pinnipeds' Integrative and Comparative Biology, vol 50, no. 6, pp. 1018-1030. DOI: 10.1093/icb/icq054
Bennett, KA, McConnell, BJ, Moss, SEW, Speakman, JR, Pomeroy, P & Fedak, MA 2010, 'Effects of Age and Body Mass on Development of Diving Capabilities of Gray Seal Pups: Costs and Benefits of the Postweaning Fast' Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, vol 83, no. 6, pp. 911-923. DOI: 10.1086/656925
Costa, DP, Crocker, DE, Goebel, ME, Fedak, MA, Mcdonald, B & Huckstadt, LA 2010, 'Climate Change and Habitat Selection of Seals in the Western Antarctic Peninsula' Integrative and Comparative Biology, vol 50, pp. E34-E34.
Patterson, TA, McConnell, BJ, Fedak, MA, Bravington, MV & Hindell, MA 2010, 'Using GPS data to evaluate the accuracy of state-space methods for correction of Argos satellite telemetry error' Ecology, vol 91, no. 1, pp. 273-285. DOI: 10.1890/08-1480.1
McConnell, BJ, Fedak, MA, Hooker, SK & Patterson, T 2010, Telemetry. in IL Boyd, WD Bowen & SJ Iverson (eds), Marine Mammal Ecology and Conservation: A handbook of Techniques. Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 222-241.
Boehme, L, Fedak, MA, and 21 co-authors, MD, Hall, J, Harrison, DE & Stammer, D 2010, 'Biologging in the global ocean observing system' Paper presented at OceanObs'09, Venice, Italy, 21/09/09 - 25/09/09, . DOI: 10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.06
Boehme, L, Lovell, P, Biuw, M, Roquet, F, Nicholson, J, Thorpe, SE, Meredith, MP & Fedak, M 2009, 'Technical Note: Animal-borne CTD-Satellite Relay Data Loggers for real-time oceanographic data collection' Ocean Science, vol 5, no. 4, pp. 685-695. DOI: 10.5194/os-5-685-2009
Fedak, MA 2009, 'In situ blood oxygen analysis for a truly free-living deep-diving animal. Focus on "Extreme hypoxemic tolerance and blood oxygen depletion in diving elephant seals"' American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology, vol 297, no. 4, pp. R925-R926. DOI: 10.1152/ajpregu.00490.2009
Lonergan, ME, Fedak, MA & McConnell, BJ 2009, 'An investigation of interpolation errors in animal tracks using GPS data from a grey seal (Halichoerus grypus).' Marine Mammal Science, vol 25, no. (2), pp. 275-282. DOI: DOI: 10.1111/j.1748-7692.2008.00264.x
Fedak, MA, Wilson, B & Pomeroy, P 2009, Reproductive behaviour. in WF Perrin, B Wursig & JGM Thewissen (eds), Encyclopedia of marine mammals. 2 edn, Elsevier.
Freitas, C, Kovacs, KM, Ims, RA, Fedak, MA & Lydersen, C 2009, 'Deep into the ice: over-wintering and habitat selection in male Atlantic walruses' Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol 375, pp. 247-261. DOI: 10.3354/meps07725
Nicholls, KW, Boehme, L, Biuw, EM & Fedak, MA 2008, 'Wintertime ocean conditions over the southern Weddell Sea continental shelf, Antarctica' Geophysical Research Letters, vol 35, no. 21, pp. L21605. DOI: 10.1029/2008GL035742
Boehme, L, Meredith, MP, Thorpe, SE, Biuw, EM & Fedak, M 2008, 'Antarctic Circumpolar Current frontal system in the South Atlantic: Monitoring using merged Argo and animal-borne sensor data' Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans, vol 113, no. C9, pp. C09012. DOI: 10.1029/2007JC004647
Boehme, L, Thorpe, SE, Biuw, M, Fedak, MA & Meredith, MP 2008, 'Monitoring Drake Passage with elephant seals: Frontal structures and snapshots of transport' Limnology and Oceanography, vol 53, no. 5, pp. 2350-2360. DOI: 10.4319/lo.2008.53.5_part_2.2350
Charrassin, JB, Hindell, M, Rintoul, SR, Roquet, F, Sokolov, S, Biuw, M, Costa, D, Boehme, L, Lovell, P, Coleman, R, Timmermann, R, Meijers, A, Meredith, M, Park, YH, Bailleul, F, Goebel, M, Tremblay, Y, Bost, CA, McMahon, CR, Field, IC, Fedak, MA & Guinet, C 2008, 'Southern Ocean frontal structure and sea-ice formation rates revealed by elephant seals' Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol 105, no. 33, pp. 11634-11639. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.080079015
Freitas, C, Lydersen, C, Fedak, MA & Kovacs, KM 2008, 'A simple new algorithm to filter marine mammal Argos locations (vol 24, pg 315, 2008)' Marine Mammal Science, vol 24, no. 3, pp. 747-747. DOI: 10.1111/j.1748-7692.2008.00226_2.x
Freitas, C, Lydersen, C, Fedak, MA & Kovacs, KM 2008, 'A simple new algorithm to filter marine mammal Argos locations' Marine Mammal Science, vol 24, no. 2, pp. 315-325. DOI: 10.1111/j.1748-7692.2007.00180.x
Sparling, C, Thompson, D, Fedak, MA, Gallon, S & Speakman, J 2008, 'Estimating Field Metabolic Rates of pinnipeds: Doubly-labelled water gets the seal of approval' Functional Ecology, vol 22, no. 2, pp. 245-254. DOI: doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2435.2007.01368.x
Freitas, C, Kovacs, KM, Ims, RA, Fedak, MA & Lysdersen, C 2008, 'Ringed seal post-moulting movement tactics and habitat selection' Oecologia, vol 155, no. 1, pp. 193-204. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-007-0894-9
Aarts, G, MacKenzie, ML, McConnell, BJ, Fedak, MA & Matthiopoulos, J 2008, 'Estimating space-use and habitat preference from wildlife telemetry data' Ecography, vol 31, no. 1, pp. 140-160. DOI: 10.1111/j.2007.0906-7590.05236.x
Boehme, L, Biuw, M, Fedak, MA, Nicholls, K, Thorpe, S & Meredith, M 2008, Animals as Exploratory Underwater Vehicles. in KJ Collins & G Griffiths (eds), Workshop on AUV science in extreme environments : collaborative autosub science in extreme environments : proceedings of the International Science Workshop, 11-13 April 2007, Scott Polar Research Institute, University of Cambridge, UK . Society for Underwater Technology, pp. 55-62.
Gallon, SL, Sparling, CE, Georges, J-Y, Fedak, MA & Thompson, D 2007, 'How fast does a seal swim? Variations in swimming behaviour under differing foraging conditions' Journal of Experimental Biology, vol 210, no. 18, pp. 3285-3294. DOI: 10.1242/jeb.007542
Bennett, K, Speakman, J, Moss, SEW, Pomeroy, P & Fedak, MA 2007, 'Effects of mass and body composition on fasting fuel utilisation in grey seal pups (Halichoerus grypus; Fabricius): an experimental study using supplementary feeding' Journal of Experimental Biology, vol 210, no. 17, pp. 3043-3053. DOI: 10.1242/jeb.009381
Biuw, M, Boehme, L, Guinet, C, Hindell, M, Costa, D, Charrassin, J-B, Roquet, F, Bailleul, F, Meredith, M, Thorpe, S, Tremblay, Y, McConnell, B, Park, Y-H, Rintoul, S, Bindoff, N, Goebel, M, Crocker, D, Lovell, P, Nicholson, J, Monks, F & Fedak, MA 2007, 'Variations in behavior and condition of a Southern Ocean top predator in relation to in situ oceanographic conditions' Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol 104, no. 34, pp. 13705-13710. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0701121104
Sparling, CE, Georges, J-Y, Gallon, SL, Fedak, M & Thompson, D 2007, 'How long does a dive last? Foraging decisions by breath-hold divers in a patchy environment: a test of a simple model' Animal Behaviour, vol 74, pp. 207-218. DOI: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2006.06.022
Sparling, CE, Thompson, D & Fedak, MA 2007, 'Estimating field metabolic rates of pinnipeds: DLW gets the seal of approval' Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, vol 146, no. 4, pp. S173-S173. DOI: 10.1016/j.cbpa.2007.01.367
Sparling, CE, Fedak, MA & Thompson, D 2007, 'Eat now, pay later? Evidence of deferred food-processing costs in diving seals' Biology Letters, vol 3, no. 1, pp. 94-98. DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2006.0566
Sparling, CE, Speakman, JR & Fedak, MA 2006, 'Seasonal variation in the metabolic rate and body composition of female grey seals: fat conservation prior to high-cost reproduction in a capital breeder?' Journal of Comparative Physiology B: Biochemical, Systems, and Environmental Physiology, vol 176, pp. 505-512. DOI: 10.1007/s00360-006-0072-0
Fedak, M 2006, 'Exploration and exploitation of the polar seas by elephant seals: monitoring diving behaviour and physiological condition in relation to the ocean environment' Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, vol 143.
Vincent, C, Fedak, MA, McConnell, BJ, Meynier, L, Saint-Jean, C & Ridoux, V 2005, 'Status and conservation of the grey seal, Halichœrus grypus, in France' Biological Conservation, vol 126, no. 1, pp. 62-73. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2005.04.022
Burns, JM, Costa, DP, Fedak, MA, Bradshaw, CJA, Hindell, MA, Gales, N, McDonald, G, Trumble, SJ & Crocker, DE Winter habitat use and foraging behaviour of crabeater seals along the Western Antarctic Peninsula. DOI: doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2004.07.021
Matthiopoulos, J, McConnell, BJ, Duck, CD & Fedak, MA 2004, 'Using satellite telemetry and aerial counts to estimate space use by grey seals around the British Isles.' Journal of Applied Ecology, vol 41, no. 3, pp. 476-491. DOI: 10.1111/j.0021-8901.2004.00911.x
Lydersen, C, Nost, OA, Kovacs, KM & Fedak, MA 2004, 'Temperature data from Norwegian and Russian waters of the northern Barents Sea collected by free-living ringed seals' Journal of Marine Systems, vol 46, no. 1-4, pp. 99-108. DOI: 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2003.11.019
Sparling, CE & Fedak, MA 2004, 'Metabolic rates of captive grey seals during voluntary diving' Journal of Experimental Biology, vol 207, pp. 1615-1624. DOI: 10.1242/jeb.00952
Fedak, MA Marine mammals as platforms for oceanographic sampling: a "win/win" situation for biology and operational oceanography.
Costa, DP, Klinck, J, Hofman, E, Burns, JM, Fedak, MA & Crocker, DE 2003, 'Marine mammals as ocean sensors' Integrative and Comparative Biology, vol 43, no. 6, pp. 920-920.
Biuw, M, McConnell, BJ, Bradshaw, CJA, Burton, H & Fedak, MA 2003, 'Blubber and buoyancy: Monitoring the body condition of free-ranging seals using simple dive characteristics' Journal of Experimental Biology, vol 206, no. 19, pp. 3405-3423. DOI: 10.1242/jeb.00583
Vincent, C, Fedak, MA & Ridoux, V 2003, Marine habitat use by grey seals in Brittany: application to the Marine National Park of the Iroise Sea. in ELECTRONIC MARKING AND TELEMETRIC TRACKING OF LARGE MIGRATORY MARINE VERTEBRATES. INST OCEANOGRAPHIQUE, PARIS, pp. 101-119.
Fedak, MA Des Animaux instruments de mesure oceanographique (Animal as oceanographic samplers).
Brasseur, S & Fedak, MA Habitat use of harbour seals in relation to recreation, fisheries, and large infra-structural works.
Fedak, MA Marine animals as platforms for oceanographic sampling via ARGOS.
Lydersen, C, Nost, OA, Lovell, P, McConnell, BJ, Gammelsrod, T, Hunter, C, Fedak, M & Kovacs, KM 2002, 'Salinity and temperature structure of a freezing Arctic fjord - monitored by white whales (Delphinapterus leucas)' Geophysical Research Letters, vol 29, no. 23, pp. 34.1-34.4. DOI: 10.1029/2002GL015462
Fedak, MA, Lovell, P, McConnell, BJ & Hunter, C 2002, 'Overcoming the constraints of long range radio telemetry from animals: getting more useful data from smaller packages' Integrative and Comparative Biology, vol 42, no. 1, pp. 3-10. DOI: 10.1093/icb/42.1.3
Vincent, C, McConnell, BJ, Ridoux, V & Fedak, MA 2002, 'Assessment of Argos location accuracy from satellite tags deployed on captive gray seals' Marine Mammal Science, vol 18, pp. 156-166.
McConnell, BJ, Fedak, MA, Burton, HR, Englehard, GH & Reijnders, P 2002, 'Movements and foraging areas of naive, recently weaned southern elephant seal pups' Journal of Animal Ecology, vol 71, pp. 65-78.
Thompson, D, Duck, CD & Fedak, MA 2002, 'Biology of grey seals: abundance, distribution and movements.' The Salmon Net, vol XXXII, pp. 34-40.
Costa, DP, Burns, JM, Crocker, DE, Fedak, MA, Trumble, S & Gales, N Foraging ecology of crabeater seals.
Costa, DP, Burns, JM, Crocker, DE, Fedak, MA, Trumble, S & Gales, N Winter foraging ecology of crabeater seals..
Boutilier, RG, Reed, JZ & Fedak, MA 2001, 'Unsteady-state gas exchange and storage in diving marine mammals: the harbor porpoise and gray seal' American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology, vol 281, no. 2, pp. R490-R494.
Thompson, D & Fedak, MA 2001, 'How long should a dive last? A simple model of foraging decisions by breath-hold divers in a patchy environment' Animal Behaviour, vol 61, no. 2, pp. 287-296. DOI: 10.1006/anbe.2000.1539
Bennett, KA, McConnell, BJ & Fedak, MA 2001, 'Diurnal and seasonal variations in the duration of depth of the longest dives in southern elephant seals ({Mirounga leonina}): possible physiological and behavioural constraints' Journal of Experimental Biology, vol 204, pp. 649-662.
Fedak, MA, Lovell, P & Grant, SM 2001, 'Two approaches to compressing and interpreting time-depth information as collected by timed-depth recorders and satellite linked data loggers' Marine Mammal Science, vol 17, no. 1, pp. 94-110.
Fedak, MA, Wilson, B & Pomeroy, P Reproductive behaviour in marine mammals: turning marine resources into offspring.
Fedak, M, Lovell, P, McConnell, B & Hunter, C 2000, 'Methods for overcoming the constraints of long range telemetry of biological information from animals: getting more useful data from small packages.' American Zoologist, vol 40, pp. 1013-1013.
Reed, JZ, Chambers, C, Hunter, CJ, Lockyer, C, Kastelein, R, Fedak, MA & Boutilier, RG 2000, 'Gas exchange and heart rate in the harbour porpoise, Phocoena phocoena.' Journal of Comparative Physiology B: Biochemical, Systems, and Environmental Physiology, vol 170, no. 1, pp. 1-10.
Hammond, PS, McConnell, BJ, Stevick, PT, Matthiopoulos, J, Lovell, P & Fedak, MA 2000, 'The foraging distribution and behaviour of grey seals and humpback whales: practical lessons for determining critical habitat'.
Campagna, C, Fedak, MA & McConnell, BJ 1999, 'Post-breeding distribution and diving behavior of adult male southern elephant seals from Patagonia' Journal of Mammalogy, vol 80, pp. 1341-1352.
Hindell, MA, McConnell, BJ, Fedak, MA, Slip, DJ, Burton, HR, Reijnders, PJH & McMahon, CR 1999, 'Environmental and physiological determinants of successful foraging by naive southern elephant seal pups during their first trip to sea' Canadian Journal of Zoology, vol 77, no. 11, pp. 1807-1821. DOI: 10.1139/cjz-77-11-1807
McConnell, BJ, Fedak, MA, Lovell, P & Hammond, PS 1999, 'Movements and foraging areas of grey seals in the North Sea' Journal of Applied Ecology, vol 36, pp. 573-590.
Sjoberg, M, McConnell, B & Fedak, M 1999, 'Haulout patterns of grey seals Halichoerus grypus in the Baltic Sea' Wildlife Biology, vol 5, pp. 37-47.
Pomeroy, P, Fedak, MA, Rothery, P & Anderson, S 1999, 'Consequences of maternal size for reproductive expenditure and pupping success of grey seals at North Rona, Scotland' Journal of Animal Ecology, vol 68, no. 2, pp. 235-253.
Thompson, D & Fedak, MA 1997, 'Variations in cardiac responses of free ranging harbour (Phoca virtulina) and grey (Halichoerus grypus) seals in response to differing activity patterns.' The Journal of Physiology, vol 504P, pp. P6-P7.
Fedak, MA, Arnbom, T & Boyd, IL 1997, 'Factors affecting maternal expenditure in southern elephant seals during lactation' Ecology, vol 78, no. 2, pp. 471-483.
McConnell, BJ & Fedak, MA 1996, 'Movements of southern elephant seals' Canadian Journal of Zoology, vol 74, pp. 1485-1496..
Fedak, MA, Arnbom, T & Boyd, IL 1996, 'The relation between the size of southern elephant seal mothers, the growth of their pups, and the use of maternal energy, fat, and protein during lactation' Physiological Zoology, vol 69, no. 4, pp. 887-911.
Reilly, JJ, Fedak, MA, Thomas, DH, Coward, WAA & Anderson, SS 1996, 'Water balance and the energetics of lactation in grey seals (Halichoerus grypus) as studied by isotopically labelled water methods' Journal of Zoology, vol 238, pp. 157-165.
Fedak, MA, Lovell, P & Mcconnell, BJ 1996, 'MAMVIS: A marine mammal behaviour visualization system' Journal of Visualization and Computer Animation, vol 7, no. 3, pp. 141-147.
SJOBERG, M, FEDAK, MA & MCCONNELL, BJ 1995, 'Movements and diurnal behaviour patterns in a Baltic grey seal (Halichoerus grypus)' Polar Biology, vol 15, no. 8, pp. 593-595. DOI: 10.1007/BF00239652
Bjorge, A, Thompson, D, Hammond, P, Fedak, M, Bryant, E, Aarefjord, H, Roen, R & Olsen, M 1995, 'Habitat use and diving behaviour of harbour seals in a coastal archipelago in Norway' Developments in Marine Biology, vol 4, pp. 211-223. DOI: 10.1016/S0163-6995(06)80025-9
THOMPSON, D & FEDAK, MA 1993, 'CARDIAC RESPONSES OF GRAY SEALS DURING DIVING AT SEA' Journal of Experimental Biology, vol 174, pp. 139-164.
Fedak, M & Thompson, D 1993, Behavioural and physiological options in diving seals. in IL Boyd (ed.), Marine mammals: advances in behavioural and population biology: the proceedings of a symposium held at the Zoological Society of London on 9th and 10th April 1992 . Symposia of the Zoological Society of London, no. 66, Clarendon Press, pp. 333-348.

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