Prof Patrick Miller


tel: 01334 463554
room: B6 (office). B4/5 (lab)  (Bute)
Bute Building
University of St Andrews
St Andrews
KY16 9TS

General Information

Additional Information

My research focuses on social communication and behavioral ecology of marine mammals. I record and describe the behaviour patterns of marine mammals in order to elucidate their function, often using novel research tools. I seek to unravel how the marine environment and anthropogenic stressors such as sonar might influence foraging, social interactions, swimming behaviour, and body condition. 

Current Projects

Novel methods to study body condition of cetaceans at sea

Body condition influences how animals trade-off foraging and anti-predator behaviors, and modulates responses to human disturbance. However, current methods for estimating lipid store body condition in cetaceans are descriptive or do not measure full-body fat stores. In this study, we are working to validate, establish and utilize a novel, non-invasive method to measure total body lipid-stores of free-ranging cetaceans by analysis of their underwater swimming pattern. The results of this study will establish and validate an innovative technique to measure body condition in cetaceans, and examine the interplay of body condition with foraging and anti-predator behaviors and reproductive status of females.

Killer whales in the North Atlantic

Killer whales are generalist predators as a species, but each population seems to be remarkably specialized on certain prey types. This project seeks to describe natural behaviour of killer whales in the North Atlantic, focusing upon interatctions between foraging behaviour, social interactions and acoustic communication of herring-feeding killer whales.  Work in this area also seeks to explore interactions of killer whales with other speces, and how killer whales respond to underwater noise.

Effects of noise on cetaceans and other animals

The underwater environment is subject to the input of noise from human activities, but there are wide gaps in our understanding about how noise might affect marine mammals.  My work within the international collaboration known as '3S' has focused on describing how several species of cetaceans respond to experimental presentation of sonar and various control sounds including killer whale sounds. To aid in management of this important problem, a key component of this work is to determine the levels of noise at which responses start  I am using animal models ranging from the fruit fly D montana to long-finned pilot whale to explore how noise influences communication systems and how signallers might respond to noise within ecological and evolutionary time scales.


Recent Publications

Kvadsheim, PH, DeRuiter, S, Sivle, LD, Goldbogen, J, Roland-Hansen, R, Miller, PJO, Lam, F-PA, Calambokidis, J, Friedlaender, A, Visser, F, Tyack, PL, Kleivane, L & Southall, B 2017, 'Avoidance responses of minke whales to 1–4 kHz naval sonar' Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol In press. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.05.037
Harris, CM, Thomas, LJ, Falcone, E, Hildebrand, J, Houser, D, Kvadsheim, P, Lam, F-PA, Miller, P, Moretti, DJ, Read, A, Slabbekoorn, H, Southall, BL, Tyack, PL, Wartzok, D & Janik, VM 2017, 'Marine mammals and sonar: dose-response studies, the risk-disturbance hypothesis and the role of exposure context' Journal of Applied Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12955
Tavares, SB, Samarra, FIP & Miller, PJO 2017, 'A multilevel society of herring-eating killer whales indicates adaptation to prey characteristics' Behavioral Ecology, vol 28, no. 2, pp. 500-514. DOI: 10.1093/beheco/arw179
Dunn, C, Tyack, PL, Miller, P & Rendell, LE 2017, 'Short first click intervals in echolocation trains of three species of deep diving odontocetes' Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol 141, no. 2, pp. 900-907. DOI: 10.1121/1.4976084
Gaëtan, R, Filatova, OA, Samarra, FIP, Fedutin, ID, Lammers, M & Miller, P 2017, 'Icelandic herring-eating killer whales feed at night' Marine Biology, vol 164, no. 2, 32. DOI: 10.1007/s00227-016-3059-8
Sivle, LD, Wensveen, PJ, Kvadsheim, P, Lam, F-PA, Visser, F, Cure, C, Harris, CM, Tyack, PL & Miller, P 2016, 'Naval sonar disrupts foraging behaviour in humpback whales' Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol 562, pp. 211-220. DOI: 10.3354/meps11969
Southall, BL, Nowacek, DP, Miller, PJO & Tyack, PL 2016, 'Experimental field studies to measure behavioral responses of cetaceans to sonar' Endangered Species Research, vol 31, pp. 293-315. DOI: 10.3354/esr00764
Aguilar De Soto, N, Gkikopoulou, K, Hooker, S, Isojunno, S, Johnson, M, Miller, P, Tyack, P, Wensveen, P, Donovan, C, Harris, CM, Harris, D, Marshall, L, Oedekoven, C, Prieto, R & Thomas, L 2016, 'From physiology to policy: a review of physiological noise effects on marine fauna with implications for mitigation' Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics, vol 27, no. 1, 040008. DOI: 10.1121/2.0000299
Filatova, OA, Samarra, FIP, Barrett-Lennard, LG, Miller, PJO, Ford, JKB, Yurk, H, Matkin, CO & Hoyt, E 2016, 'Physical constraints of cultural evolution of dialects in killer whales' Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol 140, no. 5, pp. 3755-3764. DOI: 10.1121/1.4967369
Curé, C, Isojunno, S, Visser, F, Wensveen, PJ, Sivle, LD, Kvadsheim, PH, Lam, F-PA & Miller, P 2016, 'Biological significance of sperm whale responses to sonar: comparison with anti-predator responses' Endangered Species Research, vol 31, pp. 89-102. DOI: 10.3354/esr00748
Miller, P, Narazaki, T, Isojunno, S, Suzuki, K, Smout, SC & Sato, K 2016, 'Body density and diving gas volume of the northern bottlenose whale (Hyperoodon ampullatus)' Journal of Experimental Biology, vol 219, pp. 2458-2468. DOI: 10.1242/jeb.137349
Miller, P, Narazaki, T, Isojunno, S, Aoki, K, Smout, S & Sato, K 2016, 'Body density and diving gas volume of the northern bottlenose whale (Hyperoodon ampullatus)' Journal of Experimental Biology, vol 219, no. 16, pp. 2458-2468. DOI: 10.1242/jeb.137349
von Benda-Beckmann, AM, Wensveen, PJ, Samarra, FIP, Beerens, SP & Miller, PJO 2016, 'Separating underwater ambient noise from flow noise recorded on stereo acoustic tags attached to marine mammals' Journal of Experimental Biology, vol 219, no. 15, pp. 2271-2275. DOI: 10.1242/jeb.133116
Martin Lopez, LM, Aguilar de Soto, N, Miller, P & Johnson, M 2016, 'Tracking the kinematics of caudal-oscillatory swimming: a comparison of two on-animal sensing methods' Journal of Experimental Biology, vol 219, no. 14, pp. 2103-2109. DOI: 10.1242/jeb.136242
Roos, MMH, Wu, G-M & Miller, P 2016, 'The significance of respiration timing in the energetics estimates of free-ranging killer whales (Orcinus orca)' Journal of Experimental Biology, vol 219, no. 13, pp. 2066-2077. DOI: 10.1242/jeb.137513
Visser, F, Curé, C, Kvadsheim, PH, Lam, F-PA, Tyack, PL & Miller, PJO 2016, 'Disturbance-specific social responses in long-finned pilot whales, Globicephala melas' Scientific Reports, vol 6, 28641. DOI: 10.1038/srep28641
Samarra, FIP, Deecke, VB & Miller, PJO 2016, 'Low-frequency signals produced by Northeast Atlantic killer whales (Orcinus orca)' Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol 139, no. 3, pp. 1149-1157. DOI: 10.1121/1.4943555
Isojunno, S, Curé, C, Kvadsheim, PH, Lam, F-PA, Tyack, PL, Wensveen, PJ & Miller, PJOM 2016, 'Sperm whales reduce foraging effort during exposure to 1-2 kH z sonar and killer whale sounds' Ecological Applications, vol 26, no. 1, pp. 77-93. DOI: 10.1890/15-0040
von Benda-Beckmann, AM, Wensveen, PJ, Kvadsheim, PH, Lam, FPA, Miller, PJO, Tyack, PL & Ainslie, MA 2016, Assessing the effectiveness of ramp-up during sonar operations using exposure models. in Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. vol. 875, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, vol. 875, Springer, pp. 1197-1203. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4939-2981-8_150
Lam, FPA, Kvadsheim, PH, Miller, PJO, Tyack, PL, Ainslie, MA, Curé, C, Kleivane, L, Sivle, LD, Van Ijsselmuide, SP, Visser, F, Von Benda-Beckmann, AM, Wensveen, PJ & Dekeling, RPA 2016, Controlled sonar exposure experiments on cetaceans in norwegian waters: Overview of the 3s-project. in Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. vol. 875, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, vol. 875, Springer, pp. 589-598. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4939-2981-8_71
Harris, CM, Thomas, L, Sadykova, D, De Ruiter, SL, Tyack, PL, Southall, BL, Read, AJ & Miller, P 2016, The challenges of analyzing behavioral response study data: an overview of the MOCHA (Multi-study OCean acoustics Human effects Analysis) project. in AN Popper & A Hawkins (eds), Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life II. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, vol. 875, Springer Science and Business Media, pp. 399-407, Third International Conference on the Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life, Budapest, Hungary, 11-16 August. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4939-2981-8_47
Harris, CM, Sadykova, D, De Ruiter, SL, Tyack, PL, Miller, P, Kvadsheim, P, Lam, F-P & Thomas, L 2015, 'Dose response severity functions for acoustic disturbance in cetaceans using recurrent event survival analysis' Ecosphere, vol 6, no. 11, 236. DOI: 10.1890/ES15-00242.1
Sivle, LD, Kvadsheim, PH, Cure, C, Isojunno, S, Wensveen, PJ, Lam, F-PA, Visser, F, Kleivane, L, Tyack, PL, Harris, CM & Miller, P 2015, 'Severity of expert-identified behavioural responses of humpback whale, minke whale, and northern bottlenose whale to naval sonar' Aquatic Mammals, vol 41, no. 4, pp. 469-502. DOI: 10.1578/AM.41.4.2015.469
Magnusdottir, EE, Miller, PJO, Lim, R, Rasmussen, MH, Lammers, MO & Svavarsson, J 2015, 'Humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) song unit and phrase repertoire progression on a subarctic feeding ground' Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol 138, no. 5, pp. 3362-3374. DOI: 10.1121/1.4935517
Nowacek, DP, Clark, CW, Mann, D, Miller, PJO, Rosenbaum, HC, Golden, JS, Jasny, M, Kraska, J & Southall, BL 2015, 'Marine seismic surveys and ocean noise: time for coordinated and prudent planning' Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, vol 13, no. 7, pp. 378-386. DOI: 10.1890/130286
Filatova, OA, Miller, PJO, Yurk, H, Samarra, FIP, Hoyt, E, Ford, JKB, Matkin, CO & Barrett-Lennard, LG 2015, 'Killer whale call frequency is similar across the oceans, but varies across sympatric ecotypes' Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol 138, no. 1, pp. 251-257. DOI: 10.1121/1.4922704
Miller, P, Kvadsheim, PH, Lam, FPA, Tyack, PL, Curé, C, De Ruiter, SL, Kleivane, L, Sivle, LD, van IJsselmuide, SP, Visser, F, Wensveen, PJ, von Benda-Beckmann, AM, Martin Lopez, LM, Narazaki, T & Hooker, SK 2015, 'First indications that northern bottlenose whales are sensitive to behavioural disturbance from anthropogenic noise' Royal Society Open Science, vol 2, 140484. DOI: 10.1098/rsos.140484
Rekdahl, M, Dunlop, R, Goldizen, A, Garland, EC, Biassoni, N, Miller, P & Noad, M 2015, 'Non-song social call bouts of migrating humpback whales' Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol 137, no. 6, pp. 3042-3053. DOI: 10.1121/1.4921280
Filatova, OA & Miller, PJO 2015, 'An agent-based model of dialect evolution in killer whales' Journal of Theoretical Biology, vol 373, pp. 82-91. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2015.03.020
Martin Lopez, LM, Miller, PJO, de Soto, NA & Johnson, M 2015, 'Gait switches in deep-diving beaked whales: biomechanical strategies for long-duration dives' Journal of Experimental Biology, vol 218, no. 9, pp. 1325-1338. DOI: 10.1242/jeb.106013
Wensveen, PJ, von Benda-Beckmann, AM, Ainslie, MA, Lam, F-PA, Kvadsheim, PH, Tyack, PL & Miller, PJO 2015, 'How effectively do horizontal and vertical response strategies of long-finned pilot whales reduce sound exposure from naval sonar?' Marine Environmental Research, vol 106, pp. 68-81. DOI: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2015.02.005
Cure, C, Doksaeter-Sivle, L, Visser, F, Wensveen, PJ, Isojunno, S, Harris, CM, Kvadsheim, P, Lam, F-P & Miller, P 2015, 'Predator sound playbacks reveal strong avoidance responses in a fight strategist baleen whale' Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol 526, pp. 267-282. DOI: 10.3354/meps11231
Samarra, FIP, Deecke, VB, Simonis, AE & Miller, PJO 2015, 'Geographic variation in the time-frequency characteristics of high-frequency whistles produced by killer whales (Orcinus orca)' Marine Mammal Science, vol 31, no. 2, pp. 688-706. DOI: 10.1111/mms.12195
Fais, A, Aguilar de Soto, N, Johnson, M, Pérez-González, C, Miller, PJO & Madsen, PT 2015, 'Sperm whale echolocation behaviour reveals a directed, prior-based search strategy informed by prey distribution' Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, vol 69, no. 4, pp. 663-674. DOI: 10.1007/s00265-015-1877-1
Samarra, FIP & Miller, PJO 2015, 'Prey-induced behavioural plasticity of herring-eating killer whales' Marine Biology, vol 162, no. 4, pp. 809-821. DOI: 10.1007/s00227-015-2626-8
Isojunno, S & Miller, PJO 2015, 'Sperm whale response to tag boat presence: biologically informed hidden state models quantify lost feeding opportunities' Ecosphere, vol 6, no. 1. DOI: 10.1890/ES14-00130.1
Filatova, OA, Samarra, FIP, Deecke, VB, Ford, JKB, Miller, PJO & Yurk, H 2015, 'Cultural evolution of killer whale calls: background, mechanisms and consequences' Behaviour, vol 152, no. 15, pp. 2001-2038. DOI: 10.1163/1568539X-00003317
Wensveen, PJ, Thomas, L & Miller, PJO 2015, 'A path reconstruction method integrating dead-reckoning and position fixes applied to humpback whales' Movement Ecology, vol 3, no. 1, pp. 31. DOI: 10.1186/s40462-015-0061-6
Alves, A, Antunes, R, Bird, A, Tyack, PL, Miller, PJO, Lam, F-PA & Kvadsheim, PH 2014, 'Vocal matching of naval sonar signals by long-finned pilot whales (Globicephala melas)' Marine Mammal Science, vol 30, no. 3, pp. 1248-1257. DOI: 10.1111/mms.12099
Antunes, R, Kvadsheim, PH, Lam, FPA, Tyack, PL, Thomas, L, Wensveen, PJ & Miller, PJO 2014, 'High thresholds for avoidance of sonar by free-ranging long-finned pilot whales (Globicephala melas)' Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol 83, no. 1, pp. 165-180. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2014.03.056
von Benda-Beckman, A, Wensveen, PJ, Kvadsheim, P, Lam, FP, Miller, P, Tyack, PL & Ainslie, M 2014, 'Modeling effectiveness of gradual increases in source level to mitigate effects of sonar on marine mammals.' Conservation Biology, vol 28, no. 1, pp. 119-128. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12162
Miller, P, Antunes, RN, Wensveen, PJ, Samarra, FIP, Alves, ACDC, Tyack, PL, Kvadsheim, PH, Kleivane, L, Lam, F-PA, Ainslie, MA & Thomas, L 2014, 'Dose-response relationships for the onset of avoidance of sonar by free-ranging killer whales' Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol 135, no. 2, pp. 975-993. DOI: 10.1121/1.4861346
Fahlman, A, Tyack, PL, Miller, P & Kvadsheim, P 2014, 'How man-made interference might cause gas bubble emboli in deep diving whales' Frontiers in Physiology, vol 5, 13, pp. 1-6. DOI: 10.3389/fphys.2014.00013
Shamir, L, Yerby, C, Simpson, R, Von Benda-Beckmann, AM, Tyack, P, Samarra, F, Miller, P & Wallin, J 2014, 'Classification of large acoustic datasets using machine learning and crowdsourcing: application to whale calls' Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol 135, no. 2, pp. 953-962. DOI: 10.1121/1.4861348
Visser, F, Miller, PJO, Antunes, RN, Oudejans, MG, Mackenzie, ML, Aoki, K, Lam, F-PA, Kvadsheim, PH, Huisman, J & Tyack, PL 2014, 'The social context of individual foraging behaviour in long-finned pilot whales (Globicephala melas)' Behaviour, vol 151, no. 10, pp. 1453-1477. DOI: 10.1163/1568539X-00003195
Kuningas, S, Kvadsheim, PH, Lam, F-PA & Miller, PJO 2013, 'Killer whale presence in relation to naval sonar activity and prey abundance in northern Norway' ICES Journal of Marine Science, vol 70, no. 7, pp. 1287-1293. DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fst127
Sato, K, Aoki, K, Watanabe, YY & Miller, PJO 2013, 'Neutral buoyancy is optimal to minimize the cost of transport in horizontally swimming seals' Scientific Reports, vol 3, e2205. DOI: 10.1038/srep02205
Aoki, K, Sakai, M, Miller, P, Visser, F & Sato, K 2013, 'Body contact and synchronous diving in long-finned pilot whales' Behavioural Processes, vol 99, pp. 12-20. DOI: 10.1016/j.beproc.2013.06.002
Oliveira, C, Wahlberg, M, Johnson, M, Miller, PJO & Madsen, PT 2013, 'The function of male sperm whale slow clicks in a high latitude habitat: Communication, echolocation, or prey debilitation?' Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol 133, no. 5, pp. 3135-3144. DOI: 10.1121/1.4795798
Cure, C, Antunes, RN, Alves, ACDC, Visser, F, Kvadsheim, PH & Miller, P 2013, 'Responses of male sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) to killer whale sounds: implications for anti-predator strategies' Scientific Reports, vol 3, 1579. DOI: 10.1038/srep01579
Curé, C, Antunes, RN, Samarra, FIP, Alves, ACDC, Visser, F, Kvadsheim, PH & Miller, P 2012, 'Pilot whales attracted to killer whales sounds: acoustically-mediated interspecific interactions in cetaceans' PLoS One, vol 7, no. 12, e52201. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0052201
Sivle, LD, Kvadsheim, PH, Fahlman, A, Lam, FP, Tyack, PL & Miller, P 2012, 'Changes in dive behaviour during naval sonar exposure in killer whales, long-finned pilot whales, and sperm whales.' Frontiers in Physiology, vol 3, 400. DOI: 10.3389/fphys.2012.00400
Miller, P, Biuw, M, Watanabe, YY, Thompson, D & Fedak, M 2012, 'Sink fast and swim harder! Round-trip cost-of-transport for buoyant divers' Journal of Experimental Biology, vol 215, no. 20, pp. 3622-3630. DOI: 10.1242/jeb.070128
Kvadsheim, PH, Miller, P, Tyack, PL, Sivle, LD, Lam, FP & Fahlman, A 2012, 'Estimated tissue and blood N2 levels and risk of in vivo bubble formation in deep-, intermediate- and shallow diving toothed whales during exposure to naval sonar.' Frontiers in Physiology, vol 3, 125. DOI: 10.3389/fphys.2012.00125
Miller, PJO, Kvadsheim, PH, Lam, F-PA, Wensveen, P, Antunes, R, Alves, AC, Visser, F, Kleivane, L, Tyack, PL & Sivle, LD 2012, 'The Severity of Behavioral Changes Observed During Experimental Exposures of Killer (Orcinus orca), Long-Finned Pilot (Globicephala melas), and Sperm (Physeter macrocephalus) Whales to Naval Sonar' Aquatic Mammals, vol 38, no. 4, pp. 362-401. DOI: 10.1578/AM.38.4.2012.362
Samarra, FIP, Fennell, A, Aoki, K, Deecke, VB & Miller, P 2012, 'Persistence of skin marks from killer whale (Orcinus orca) associations with the parasitic sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) in Iceland' Marine Mammal Science, vol 28, no. 2, pp. 395-401.
Aoki, K, Watanabe, YY, Crocker, DE, Robinson, PW, Biuw, M, Costa, DP, Miyazaki, N, Fedak, M & Miller, P 2011, 'Northern elephant seals adjust gliding and stroking patterns with changes in buoyancy: validation of at-sea metrics of body density' Journal of Experimental Biology, vol 214, no. 17, pp. 2973-2987. DOI: 10.1242/jeb.055137
Matsumura, M, Watanabe, YY, Robinson, PW, Miller, PJO, Costa, DP & Miyazaki, N 2011, 'Underwater and surface behavior of homing juvenile northern elephant seals' Journal of Experimental Biology, vol 214, no. 4, pp. 629-636. DOI: 10.1242/jeb.048827
Foote, AD, Vilstrup, JT, de Stephanis, R, Verborgh, P, Nielsen, SCA, Deaville, R, Kleivane, L, Martin, V, Miller, PJO, Oien, N, Perez-Gil, M, Rasmussen, M, Reid, RJ, Robertson, KM, Rogan, E, Similae, T, Tejedor, ML, Vester, H, Vikingsson, GA, Willerslev, E, Gilbert, MTP & Piertney, SB 2011, 'Genetic differentiation among North Atlantic killer whale populations' Molecular Ecology, vol 20, no. 3, pp. 629-641. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2010.04957.x
Samarra, FIP, Deecke, VB, Vinding, K, Rasmussen, M, Swift, RJ & Miller, P 2011, 'Killer whales (Orcinus orca) produce ultrasonic whistles' Journal of the Acoustical Society of America - Express Letters, vol 128, no. 5, pp. EL205-EL210.
Miller, PJOM, Shapiro, AD, Deecke, VB & Miller, P 2010, 'The diving behaviour of mammal-eating killer whales (Orcinus orca): variations with ecological not physiological factors' Canadian Journal of Zoology, vol 88, no. 11, pp. 1103-1112. DOI: 10.1139/Z10-080
Engelhaupt, D, Hoelzel, AR, Nicholson, C, Frantzis, A, Mesnick, S, Gero, S, Whitehead, H, Rendell, LE, Miller, P, De Stefanis, R, Canadas, A, Airoldi, S & Mignucci-Giannoni, AA 2009, 'Female philopatry in coastal basins and male dispersion across the North Atlantic in a highly mobile marine species, the sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus)' Molecular Ecology, vol 18, pp. 4193-4205. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2009.04355.x
Miller, P, Johnson, M, Madsen, PT, Biassoni, N, Quero, M & Tyack, PL 2009, 'Using at-sea experiments to study the effects of airguns on the foraging behavior of sperm whales in the Gulf of Mexico' Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, vol 56, no. 7, pp. 1168-1181. DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr.2009.02.008
Hogg, CJ, Rogers, TL, Shorter, A, Barton, K, Miller, P & Nowacek, D 2009, 'Determination of steroid hormones in whale blow: It is possible' Marine Mammal Science, vol 25, no. 3, pp. 605-618. DOI: 10.1111/j.1748-7692.2008.00277.x
Doksaeter, L, Godo, OR, Handegard, NO, Kvadsheim, PH, Lam, F-PA, Donovan, C & Miller, P 2009, 'Behavioral responses of herring (Clupea harengus) to 1-2 and 6-7 kHz sonar signals and killer whale feeding sounds' Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol 125, no. 1, pp. 554-564. DOI: 10.1121/1.3021301
Samarra, FIP, Klappert, K, Brumm, H & Miller, P 2009, 'Background noise constrains communication: acoustic masking of courtship song in the fruit fly Drosophila montana' Behaviour, vol 146, pp. 1635-1648. DOI: 10.1163/156853909X463713
Miller, P, Aoki, K, Rendell, LE & Amano, M 2008, 'Stereotypical resting behavior of the sperm whale' Current Biology, vol 18, no. 1, pp. R21-R23. DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2007.11.003
Teloni, V, Johnson, MP, Miller, P & Madsen, PT 2008, 'Shallow food for deep-divers:  dynamic foraging behavior of male sperm whales in a high latitude habitat.' Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, vol 354, pp. 119-131. DOI: 10.1016/j.jembe.2007.10.010
Tyson, RB, Nowacek, DP & Miller, P 2007, 'Nonlinear phenomena in the vocalizations of North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) and killer whales (Orcinus orca)' Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol 122, no. 3, pp. 1365-1373. DOI: 10.1121/1.2756263
Brown, JC & Miller, P 2007, 'Automatic classification of killer whale vocalizations using dynamic time warping' Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol 122, no. 2, pp. 1201-1207. DOI: 10.1121/1.2747198
Miller, P, Samarra, FIP & Perthuison, A 2007, 'Caller sex and orientation influence spectra of “two-voice” stereotyped calls produced by free-ranging killer whales (Orcinus orca).' Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol 121, no. 121, pp. 3932-3937. DOI: 10.1121/1.2722056
Sato, K, Watanuki, Y, Takahashi, A, Miller, PJO, Tanaka, H, Kawabe, R, Ponganis, PJ, Handrich, Y, Akamatsu, T, Watanabe, Y, Mitani, Y, Costa, DP, Bost, C-A, Aoki, K, Amano, M, Trathan, P, Shapiro, A & Naito, Y 2007, 'Stroke frequency, but not swimming speed, is related to body size in free-ranging seabirds, pinnipeds and cetaceans' Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol 274, no. 1609, pp. 471-477. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2006.0005
Hooker, SK, Biuw, M, McConnell, BJ, Miller, P & Sparling, CE 2007, 'Bio-logging science: logging and relaying physical and biological data using animal-attached tags.' Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, vol 54, pp. 177-182. DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2007.01.001
Foote, AD, Griffin, RM, Howitt, D, Larsson, L, Miller, PJO & Hoelzel, AR 2006, 'Killer whales are capable of vocal learning' Biology Letters, vol 2, no. 4, pp. 509-512. DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2006.0525
Nousek, AE, Slater, PJB, Wang, C & Miller, P 2006, 'The influence of social affiliation on individual vocal signatures of northern resident killer whales (Orcinus orca)' Biology Letters, vol 2, no. 4, pp. 481-484. DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2006.0517
De Ruiter, SL, Tyack, PL, Lin, YT, Newhall, AE, Lynch, JF & Miller, P 2006, 'Modeling acoustic propagation of airgun array pulses recorded on tagged sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus).' Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol 120, no. 6, pp. 4100-4114. DOI: 10.1121/1.2359705
Madsen, PT, Johnson, M, Miller, P, Aguilar De Soto, N, Lynch, J & Tyack, PL 2006, 'Quantitative measures of air gun pulses recorded on sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) using acoustic tags during controlled exposure experiments' Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol 120, no. 4, pp. 2366-2379. DOI: 10.1121/1.2229287
Watwood, S, Miller, P, Johnson, M, Madsen, PT & Tyack, PL 2006, 'Deep-diving foraging behaviour of the sperm whale, Physeter macrocephalus' Journal of Animal Ecology, vol 75, no. 3, pp. 814-825. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2656.2006.01101.x
Miller, P 2006, 'Diversity in sound pressure levels and estimated active space of resident killer whale vocalizations' Journal of Comparative Physiology A: Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology, vol 192, no. 5, pp. 449-459. DOI: 10.1007/s00359-005-0085-2
Brown, JC, Hodgins-Davis, A & Miller, PJO 2006, 'Classification of vocalizations of killer whales using dynamic time warping' Journal of the Acoustical Society of America - Express Letters, vol 119, no. 3, pp. EL34-EL40. DOI: 10.1121/1.2166949
Cox, TM, Ragen, TJ, Read, AJ, Vos, E, Baird, RW, Balcomb, K, Barlow, J, Caldwell, J, Cranford, T, Crum, L, D'Amico, A, D'Spain, G, Fernandez, A, Finneran, J, Gentry, R, Gerth, W, Gulland, F, Hildebrand, J, Houser, D, Hullar, T, Jepson, PD, Ketten, D, Mc Leod, CD, Miller, P & al., E 2006, 'Understanding the impacts of anthropogenic sound on beaked whales.' Journal of Cetacean Research and Management, vol 7, pp. 177-187.
Hooker, SK, Miller, P, Johnson, MP, Cox, OP & Boyd, IL 2005, 'Ascent exhalations of Antarctic fur seals: a behavioural adaptation for breath-hold diving?' Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences, vol 272, no. 1561, pp. 355-363. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2004.2964
Miller, P, Johnson, M & Tyack, PL 2004, 'Sperm whale behaviour indicates the use of echolocation click buzzes 'creaks' in prey capture' Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences, vol 271, no. 1554, pp. 2239-2247. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2004.2863
Miller, P, Shapiro, AD, Tyack, PL & Solow, AR 2004, 'Call-type matching in vocal exchanges of free-ranging resident killer whales, Orcinus orca.' Animal Behaviour, vol 67, no. 6, pp. 1099-1107. DOI: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2003.06.017
Miller, P, Johnson, M, Tyack, PL & Terray, EA 2004, 'Swimming gaits, passive drag and buoyancy of diving sperm whales Physeter macrocephalus.' Journal of Experimental Biology, vol 207, no. 11, pp. 1953-1967. DOI: 10.1242/jeb.00993
Miller, P 2002, 'Mixed-directionality of killer whale stereotyped calls: a direction of movement cue?' Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, vol 52, no. 3, pp. 262-270. DOI: 10.1007/s00265-002-0508-9
Miller, P & Bain, DE 2000, 'Within-pod variation in the sound production of a pod of killer whales, Orcinus orca' Animal Behaviour, vol 60, pp. 617-628.
Miller, P, Biassoni, N, Samuels, A & Tyack, PL 2000, 'Whale songs lengthen in response to sonar' Nature, vol 405, pp. 903. DOI: 10.1038/35016148
Miller, P & Tyack, PL 1998, 'A small towed beamforming array to identify vocalizing resident killer whales (Orcinus orca) concurrent with focal behavioral observations' Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, vol 45, no. 7, pp. 1389-1405. DOI: 10.1016/S0967-0645(98)00028-9

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