Prof Philip Hammond


tel: 01334 463222
room: B7  (Bute)
Bute Building
University of St Andrews
St Andrews
KY16 9TS

General Information

Additional Information

Research group: Sea Mammal Research Unit

Research students (current):

PhD: Gui Bortolotto; Luis Freitas; Tilen Genov; Claire Lacey; Nadya Ramirez; Anna Schleimer

MPhil: Cristel Reyes

Professional Representation:

Member: IUCN Cetacean Specialist Group and Cetacean Red List Authority.

Member: ICES Working Group on Marine Mammal Ecology.

Associate Editor: Marine Mammal Science; Journal of Cetacean Research & Management


Recent Publications

Hammond, PS, Heinrich, S, Hooker, SK & Tyack, PL 2017, Whales: Their past, present and future. Natural History Museum, London.
Rogan, E, Cañadas, A, Macleod, K, Santos, MB, Mikkelsen, B, Uriarte, A, Van Canneyt, O, Antonio Vázquez, J & Hammond, PS 2017, 'Distribution, abundance and habitat use of deep diving cetaceans in the North-East Atlantic' Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, vol 141, pp. 8-19. DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2017.03.015
Arso Civil, M, Cheney, B, Quick, NJ, Thompson, PM & Hammond, PS 2017, 'A new approach to estimate fecundity rate from inter-birth intervals' Ecosphere, vol 8, no. 4, e01796. DOI: 10.1002/ecs2.1796
Quick, NJ, Cheney, B, Thompson, PM & Hammond, PS 2017, 'Can the camera lie? A non-permanent nick in a bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus)' Aquatic Mammals, vol 43, no. 2, pp. 156-161. DOI: 10.1578/AM.43.2.2017.156
Heath, MR, Richard, L, Kate, S, Cook, R, Speirs, D, Daunt, F, Wanless, S, Hyder, K, Pinnegar, JK, Thorpe, R, Karen, D, Campbell, N, Wright, P, Thorburn, J, Arthur, R, Macdonald, P, Mouat, B, Fox, C, Heymans, S, Coull, K, Evans, P, Fernandes, P, Hammond, P, Smout, S, Kolding, J & Reid, D 2017, FIS013 – Scoping the background information for an ecosystem approach to fisheries in Scottish waters: Review of predator-prey interactions with fisheries, and balanced harvesting. Fisheries Innovation Scotland.
Taylor, BL, Rojas-Bracho, L, Moore, J, Jaramillo-Legorreta, A, Ver Hoef, JM, Cardenas-Hinojosa, G, Nieto-Garcia, E, Barlow, J, Gerrodette, T, Tregenza, N, Thomas, L & Hammond, PS 2016, 'Extinction is imminent for Mexico’s endemic porpoise unless fishery bycatch is eliminated' Conservation Letters, vol Early View. DOI: 10.1111/conl.12331
Russell, DJF, Hastie, GD, Thompson, D, Janik, VM, Hammond, PS, Scott-Hayward, LAS, Matthiopoulos, J, Jones, EL & McConnell, BJ 2016, 'Avoidance of wind farms by harbour seals is limited to pile driving activities' Journal of Applied Ecology, vol 53, no. 6, pp. 1642-1652. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12678
Williams, R, Thomas, L, Ashe, E, Clark, CW & Hammond, PS 2016, 'Gauging allowable harm limits to cumulative, sub-lethal effects of human activities on wildlife: a case-study approach using two whale populations' Marine Policy, vol 70, pp. 58-64. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2016.04.023
Williamson, LD, Brookes, KL, Scott, BE, Graham, IM, Bradbury, G, Hammond, PS & Thompson, PM 2016, 'Echolocation detections and digital video surveys provide reliable estimates of the relative density of harbour porpoises' Methods in Ecology and Evolution, vol 7, no. 7, pp. 762-769. DOI: 10.1111/2041-210X.12538
Graham, IM, Cheney, B, Hewitt, R, Cordes, L, Hastie, GD, Russell, DJF, Arso Civil, M, Hammond, PS & Thompson, P 2016, Strategic Regional Pre-construction Marine Mammal Monitoring Programme Annual Report 2016. Annual report for the Moray Firth Regional Advisory Group, University of Aberdeen.
Gonzalvo, J, Lauriano, G, Hammond, PS, Viaud-Martinez, KA, Fossi, MC, Natoli, A & Marsili, L 2016, The Gulf of Ambracia’s common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus): a highly dense and yet threatened population. in G Notarbartolo di Sciara, M Podestà & BE Curry (eds), Mediterranean Marine Mammal Ecology and Conservation. 1st edn, Advances in Marine Biology, vol. 75, Academic Press/Elsevier . DOI: 10.1016/bs.amb.2016.07.002
Pirotta, E, Harwood, J, Thompson, P, New, L, Cheney, B, Arso Civil, M, Hammond, PS, Donovan, CR & Lusseau, D 2015, 'Predicting the effects of human developments on individual dolphins to understand potential long-term population consequences' Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol 282, no. 1818, 20152109. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2015.2109
Russell, DJF, McClintock, BT, Matthiopoulos, J, Thompson, P, Thompson, D, Hammond, PS, Jones, EL, MacKenzie, M, Moss, S & McConnell, BJ 2015, 'Intrinsic and extrinsic drivers of activity budgets in sympatric grey and harbour seals' Oikos, vol 124, no. 11, pp. 1462-1472. DOI: 10.1111/oik.01810
Williams, R, Wright, AJ, Ashe, E, Blight, LK, Bruintjes, R, Canessa, R, Clark, CW, Cullis-Suzuki, S, Dakin, DT, Erbe, C, Hammond, PS, Merchant, MD, O'Hara, PD, Purser, J, Radford, AN, Simpson, SD, Thomas, L & Wale, MA 2015, 'Impacts of anthropogenic noise on marine life: publication patterns, new discoveries, and future directions in research and management' Ocean and Coastal Management, vol 115, pp. 17-24. DOI: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2015.05.021
Jones, EL, McConnell, BJ, Smout, SC, Hammond, PS, Duck, CD, Morris, C, Thompson, D, Russell, DJF, Vincent, C, Cronin, M, Sharples, RJ & Matthiopoulos, J 2015, 'Patterns of space use in sympatric marine colonial predators reveals scales of spatial partitioning' Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol 534, pp. 235-249. DOI: 10.3354/meps11370
Ramp, C, Delarue, J, Palsbøll, PJ, Sears, R & Hammond, PS 2015, 'Adapting to a warmer ocean – seasonal shift of baleen whale movements over three decades' PLoS One, vol 10, no. 3, e0121374. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0121374
Vikingsson, GA, Pike, DG, Valdimarsson, H, Schleimer, A, Gunnlaugsson, T, Silva, T, Elvarsson, BÞ, Mikkelsen, B, Øien, N, Desportes, G, Bogason, V & Hammond, PS 2015, 'Distribution, abundance, and feeding ecology of baleen whales in Icelandic waters: have recent environmental changes had an effect?' Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, vol 3, 6. DOI: 10.3389/fevo.2015.00006
Urian, K, Gorgone, A, Read, AJ, Balmer, B, Wells, RS, Berggren, P, Durban, JW, Eguchi, T, Rayment, W & Hammond, PS 2015, 'Recommendations for photo-identification methods used in capture-recapture models with cetaceans' Marine Mammal Science, vol 31, no. 1, pp. 298–321. DOI: 10.1111/mms.12141
Cheney, B, Corkery, R, Durban, J, Grellier, K, Hammond, PS, Islas Villanueva, V, Janik, VM, Lusseau, S, Parsons, K, Quick, NJ, Wilson, B & Thompson, P 2014, 'Long-term trends in the use of a protected area by small cetaceans in relation to changes in population status' Global Ecology and Conservation, vol 2, pp. 118-128. DOI: 10.1016/j.gecco.2014.08.010
Quick, NJ, Arso Civil, M, Cheney, B, Islas Villanueva, V, Janik, V, Thompson, P & Hammond, PS 2014, The east coast of Scotland bottlenose dolphin population: improving understanding of ecology outside the Moray Firth SAC. OESEA2 Supporting documents, no. 14D/086, Department of Energy and Climate Change.
Hammond, PS, Gillespie, DM, Lovell, P, Samarra, FIP, Swift, RJ, Macleod, K, Tasker, ML, Berggren, P, Borchers, DL, Burt, ML, Paxton, CGM, Canadas, A, Desportes, G, Donovan, GP, Gilles, A, Lehnert, K, Siebert, U, Gordon, JCD, Leaper, R, Leopold, M, Scheidat, M, Oien, N, Ridoux, V, Rogan, E, Skov, H, Teilmann, J, Van Canneyt, O & Vazquez, JA 2014, 'Large scale surveys for cetaceans: line transect assumptions, reliability of abundance estimates and improving survey efficiency – A response to MacLeod' Biological Conservation, vol 170, pp. 338-339. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2014.01.016
Bailey, H, Hammond, PS & Thompson, PM 2014, 'Modelling harbour seal habitat by combining data from multiple tracking systems' Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, vol 450, pp. 30–39. DOI: 10.1016/j.jembe.2013.10.011
Smout, SC, Rindorf, A, Hammond, PS, Harwood, J & Matthiopoulos, J 2014, 'Modelling prey consumption and switching by UK grey seals' ICES Journal of Marine Science, vol 71, no. 1, pp. 81-89. DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fst109
Ramp, C, Delarue, J, Bérubé, M, Hammond, PS & Sears, R 2014, 'Fin whale survival and abundance in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada' Endangered Species Research, vol 23, no. 2, pp. 125-132. DOI: 10.3354/esr00571
Kuningas, SM, Similä, T & Hammond, PS 2014, 'Population size, survival and reproductive rates of northern Norwegian killer whales (Orcinus orca) in 1986-2003' Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, vol 94, no. 6, pp. 1277-1291. DOI: 10.1017/S0025315413000933
Hammond, PS, Macleod, K, Berggren, P, Borchers, DL, Burt, ML, Cañadas, A, Desportes, G, Donovan, GP, Gilles, A, Gillespie, DM, Gordon, JCD, Hiby, L, Kuklik, I, Leaper, R, Lehnert, K, Leopold, M, Lovell, P, Øien, N, Paxton, CGM, Ridoux, V, Rogan, E, Samarra, FIP, Scheidat, M, Sequeira, M, Siebert, U, Skov, H, Swift, RJ, Tasker, M, Teilmann, J, Van Canneyt, O & Vázquez, JA 2013, 'Cetacean abundance and distribution in European Atlantic shelf waters to inform conservation and management' Biological Conservation, vol 164, pp. 107-122. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2013.04.010
Booth, CG, Embling, CB, Gordon, J, Calderan, SV & Hammond, PS 2013, 'Habitat preferences and distribution of harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) west of Scotland' Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol 478, pp. 273–285.
Williams, R, Vikingsson, GA, Gislason, A, Lockyer, C, New, L, Thomas, L & Hammond, PS 2013, 'Evidence for density-dependent changes in body condition and pregnancy rate of North Atlantic fin whales over four decades of varying environmental conditions' ICES Journal of Marine Science. DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fst059
Booth, CG, Embling, C, Gordon, J, Calderan, SV & Hammond, PS 2013, 'Habitat preferences and distribution of the harbour porpoise Phocoena phocoena west of Scotland' Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol 478, pp. 273-285. DOI: 10.3354/meps10239
Minton, G, Peter, C, Poh, ANZ, Ngeian, J, Braulik, GT, Hammond, PS & Tuen, AA 2013, 'Population estimates and distribution patterns of Irrawaddy dolphins (Orcaella brevirostris) and Indo-Pacific finless porpoises (Neophocaena phocaenoides) in the Kuching Bay, Sarawak' Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, vol 61, no. 2, pp. 877-888.
Cheney, B, Thompson, PM, Ingram, SN, Hammond, PS, Stevick, PT, Durban, JW, Culloch, RM, Elwen, SH, Mandleberg, L, Janik, VM, Quick, NJ, Islas Villanueva, V, Robinson, KP, Costa, M, Eisfeld, SM, Walters, A, Phillips, C, Weir, CR, Evans, PGH, Anderwald, P, Reid, RJ, Reid, JB & Wilson, B 2013, 'Integrating multiple data sources to assess the distribution and abundance of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in Scottish waters.' Mammal Review, vol 43, pp. 71-88. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2907.2011.00208.x
Sharples, RJ, Moss, SE, Patterson, TA & Hammond, PS 2012, 'Spatial variation in foraging behaviour of a marine top predator (Phoca vitulina) determined by a large-scale satellite tagging program' PLoS One, vol 7, no. 5, e37216. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0037216
Jewell, RL, Thomas, L, Harris, CM, Kaschner, K, Wiff, RA, Hammond, PS & Quick, NJ 2012, 'Global analysis of cetacean line-transect surveys: detecting trends in cetacean density' Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol 453, pp. 227-240. DOI: 10.3354/meps09636
Silva, M, Prieto, R, Magalhães, S, Seabra, MI, Machete, M & Hammond, PS 2012, 'Incorporating information on bottlenose dolphin distribution into marine protected area design' Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, vol 22, no. 1, pp. 122-133. DOI: 10.1002/aqc.1243
Jones, EL, McConnell, BJ, Duck, CD, Morris, C, Hammond, PS & Russell, DJF 2012, Marine distribution of grey & harbour seals around the UK.: Special Committee on Seals (12/06). Sea Mammal Research Unit.
Jones, EL, McConnell, BJ, Duck, CD, Hammond, PS & Matthiopoulos, J 2012, 'Spatial distributions between UK grey & harbour seal populations' Paper presented at International Statistical Ecology Conference, Oslo, Norway, 3/07/12 - 6/07/12, .
Williams, R, Krkošek, M, Ashe, E, Branch, TA, Clark, S, Hammond, PS, Hoyt, E, Noren, DP, Rosen, D & Winship, A 2011, 'Competing conservation objectives for predators and prey: estimating killer whale prey requirements for Chinook salmon' PLoS One, vol 6, no. 11, e26738. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0026738
Photopoulou, T, Best, PB, Hammond, PS & Findlay, K 2011, 'Movement patterns of coastal dolphins in the presence of a fast-flowing prevailing current: shore-based observations at Cape Vidal, South Africa' African Journal of Marine Science, vol 33, no. 3, pp. 393-401. DOI: 10.2989/1814232X.2011.637346
Penry, GS, Cockcroft, VG & Hammond, PS 2011, 'Seasonal fluctuations in occurrence of inshore Bryde’s whales in Plettenberg Bay, South Africa, with notes on feeding and multi-species associations' African Journal of Marine Science, vol 33, no. 3, pp. 403-414. DOI: 10.2989/1814232X.2011.637617
Embling, CB, Gillibrand, PA, Gordon, JCD, Shrimpton, J, Stevick, PT & Hammond, PS 2010, 'Using habitat models to identify suitable sites for marine protected areas for harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena)' Biological Conservation, vol 143, pp. 267-279. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2009.09.005
Williams, R, Lusseau, D & Hammond, PS 2009, 'The role of social aggregations and protected areas in killer whale conservation: the mixed blessing of critical habitat' Biological Conservation, vol 142, pp. 709-719. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2008.12.004
Silva, M, Magalhães, S, Prieto, R, Santos, RS & Hammond, PS 2009, 'Estimating survival and abundance in a bottlenose dolphin population taking into account transience and temporary emigration' Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol 392, pp. 263-276. DOI: 10.3354/meps08233
Sharples, RJ, Arrizabalaga, B & Hammond, PS 2009, 'Seals, sandeels and salmon: diet of harbour seals in St. Andrews Bay and the Tay Estuary, southeast Scotland' Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol 390, pp. 265-276. DOI: 10.3354/meps08232
Hammond, PS 2009, Mark-recapture. in WF Perrin, B Würsig & JGM Thewissen (eds), Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals, Second Edition. Elsevier.
Sharples, RJ, MacKenzie, ML & Hammond, PS 2009, 'Estimating seasonal abundance of a central place forager using counts and telemetry data' Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol 378, pp. 289-298. DOI: 10.3354/meps07827
Silva, MA, Prieto, R, Magalhães, S, Seabra, MI, Santos, RS & Hammond, PS 2008, 'Ranging patterns of bottlenose dolphins living in oceanic waters: implications for population structure' Marine Biology, vol 156, pp. 179-192. DOI: 10.1007/s00227-008-1075-z
Schipper, J, Chanson, JS, Chiozza, F, Cox, NA, Hoffmann, M, Katariya, V, Lamoreux, J, Rodrigues, ASL, Stuart, SN, Temple, HJ, Baillie, J, Boitani, L, Lacher, TE, Mittermeier, RA, Smith, AT, Absolon, D, Aguiar, JM, Amori, G, Bakkour, N, Baldi, R, Berridge, RJ, Bielby, J, Black, PA, Blanc, JJ, Brooks, TM, Burton, JA, Butynski, TM, Catullo, G, Chapman, R, Cokeliss, Z, Collen, B, Conroy, J, Cooke, JG, da Fonseca, GAB, Derocher, AE, Dublin, HT, Duckworth, JW, Emmons, L, Emslie, RH, Festa-Bianchet, M, Foster, M, Foster, S, Garshelis, DL, Gates, C, Gimenez-Dixon, M, Gonzalez, S, Gonzalez-Maya, JF, Good, TC, Hammerson, G, Hammond, PS, Happold, D, Happold, M, Hare, J, Harris, RB, Hawkins, CE, Haywood, M, Heaney, LR, Hedges, S, Helgen, KM, Hilton-Taylor, C, Hussain, SA, Ishii, N, Jefferson, TA, Jenkins, RKB, Johnston, CH, Keith, M, Kingdon, J, Knox, DH, Kovacs, KM, Langhammer, P, Leus, K, Lewison, R, Lichtenstein, G, Lowry, LF, Macavoy, Z, Mace, GM, Mallon, DP, Masi, M, McKnight, MW, Medellín, RA, Medici, P, Mills, G, Moehlman, PD, Molur, S, Mora, A, Nowell, K, Oates, JF, Olech, W, Oliver, WRL, Oprea, M, Patterson, BD, Perrin, WF, Polidoro, BA, Pollock, C, Powel, A, Protas, Y, Racey, P, Ragle, J, Ramani, P, Rathbun, G, Reeves, RR, Reilly, SB, Reynolds, JE, Rondinini, C, Rosell-Ambal, RG, Rulli, M, Rylands, AB, Savini, S, Schank, CJ, Sechrest, W, Self-Sullivan, C, Shoemaker, A, Sillero-Zubiri, C, De Silva, N, Smith, DE, Srinivasulu, C, Stephenson, PJ, van Strien, N, Talukdar, BK, Taylor, BL, Timmins, R, Tirira, DG, Tognelli, MF, Tsytsulina, K, Veiga, LM, Vié, J-C, Williamson, EA, Wyatt, SA, Xie, Y & Young, BE 2008, 'The status of the world's land and marine mammals: diversity, threat, and knowledge' Science, vol 322, no. 5899, pp. 225-30. DOI: 10.1126/science.1165115
Gómez de Segura, A, Hammond, PS & Raga, JA 2008, 'Influence of environmental factors on small cetacean distribution in the Spanish Mediterranean.' Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, vol 88, pp. 1185-1192. DOI: 10.1017/S0025315408000386
Corkrey, R, Brooks, S, Lusseau, D, Parsons, K, Durban, JW, Hammond, PS & Thompson, PM 2008, 'A Bayesian capture-recapture population model with simultaneous estimation of heterogeneity.' Journal of the American Statistical Association, vol 103, pp. 948-960. DOI: 10.1198/016214507000001256
Panigada, S, Zanardelli, M, MacKenzie, ML, Donovan, CR, Mélin, F & Hammond, PS 2008, 'Modelling habitat preferences for fin whales and striped dolphins in the Pelagos Sanctuary (Western Mediterranean Sea) with physiographic and remote sensing variables' Remote Sensing of Environment, vol 112, pp. 3400-3412. DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2007.11.017
Cañadas, A & Hammond, PS 2008, 'Abundance and habitat preferences of the short-beaked common dolphin (Delphinus delphis) in the South-western Mediterranean: implications for conservation.' Endangered Species Research, vol 4, pp. 309-331. DOI: 10.3354/esr00073
Quérouil, S, Silva, MA, Freitas, L, Prieto, R, Magalhães, S, Dinis, A, Alves, F, Matos, JA, Mendonça, D, Hammond, PS & Santos, RS 2007, 'High gene flow in oceanic bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) of the North Atlantic.' Conservation Genetics, vol 8, pp. 1405-1419. DOI: 10.1007/s10592-007-9291-5
Williams, R, Leaper, R, Zerbini, AN & Hammond, PS 2007, 'Methods for investigating measurement error in cetacean line-transect surveys' Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, vol 87, no. 1, pp. 313-320. DOI: 10.1017/S0025315407055154
Gómez de Segura, A, Hammond, PS, Cañadas, A & Raga, JA 2007, 'Comparing cetacean abundance estimates derived from spatial models and design-based line transect methods' Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol 329, pp. 289-299.
Williams, R, Lusseau, D & Hammond, PS 2006, 'Estimating relative energetic costs of human disturbance to killer whales (Orcinus orca)' Biological Conservation, vol 133, no. 3, pp. 301-311. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2006.06.010
Gómez de Segura, A, Crespo, EA, Pedraza, SN, Hammond, PS & Raga, JA 2006, 'Abundance of small cetaceans in the waters of the central Spanish Mediterranean' Marine Biology, vol 150, pp. 149-160. DOI: 10.1007/s00227-006-0334-0
Stevick, PT, Allen, J, Clapham, PJ, Katona, SK, Larsen, F, Lien, J, Mattila, DK, Palsbøll, PJ, Sears, R, Sigurjónsson, J, Smith, TD, Vikingsson, G, Øien, N & Hammond, PS 2006, 'Population spatial structuring on the feeding grounds in North Atlantic humpback whales' Journal of Zoology, vol 270, pp. 244-255. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7998.2006.00128.x
Grellier, K & Hammond, PS 2006, 'Robust digestion and passage rate estimates for hard parts of grey seal (Halichoerus grypus) prey' Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, vol 63, no. 9, pp. 1982-1998. DOI: 10.1139/F06-092
Hammond, PS 2006, 'Whale science – and how (not) to use it.' Significance, vol 3, no. 2, pp. 54-58. DOI: 10.1111/j.1740-9713.2006.00160.x
Williams, R, Hedley, SL & Hammond, PS 2006, 'Modeling distribution and abundance of Antarctic baleen whales using ships of opportunity' Ecology and Society, vol 11, no. 1, 1.
Lusseau, D, Wilson, B, Hammond, PS, Grellier, K, Durban, JW, Parsons, KM, Barton, TR & Thompson, PM 2006, 'Quantifying the influence of sociality on population structure in bottlenose dolphins' Journal of Animal Ecology, vol 75, no. 1, pp. 14-24. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2656.2005.01013.x
Hammond, PS & Harris, RN 2006, Grey seal diet composition and prey consumption off western Scotland and Shetland. Unknown Publisher.
Cañadas, A & Hammond, PS 2006, 'Model-based abundance estimates for bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) off southern Spain: implications for management' Journal of Cetacean Research and Management, vol 8, no. 1, pp. 13-27.
Cañadas, A, Sagarminaga, R, de Stephanis, R, Urquiola, E & Hammond, PS 2005, 'Habitat preference modelling as a conservation tool: proposals for marine protected areas for cetaceans in southern Spanish waters' Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, vol 15, no. 5, pp. 495-521. DOI: 10.1002/aqc.689
Parsons, KM, Piertney, SB, Middlemass, SJ, Hammond, PS & Armstrong, JD 2005, 'DNA-based identification of salmonid prey species in seal faeces.' Journal of Zoology, vol 266, no. 3, pp. 275-281. DOI: 10.1017/S0952836905006904
Hammond, PS & Grellier, K 2005, Grey seal diet composition and fish consumption in the North Sea. Unknown Publisher.
Grellier, K & Hammond, PS 2005, 'Feeding method affects otolith digestion in captive grey seals: implications for diet composition estimation' Marine Mammal Science, vol 21, pp. 296-306.
Durban, JW, Elston, DA, Ellifrit, DK, Dickson, E, Hammond, PS & Thompson, PM 2005, 'Multi-site mark-racapture for cetaceans: population estimates with Bayesian model averaging' Marine Mammal Science, vol 21, pp. 80-92.
Wilson, B, Reid, RJ, Grellier, K, Thompson, PM & Hammond, PS 2004, 'Considering the temporal when managing the spatial: A population range expansion impacts protected areas-based management for bottlenose dolphins.' Animal Conservation, vol 7, pp. 331-338. DOI: 10.1017/S1367943004001581
Lusseau, D, Williams, R, Wilson, B, Grellier, K, Barton, TR, Hammond, PS & Thompson, PM 2004, 'Parallel influence of climate on the behaviour of Pacific killer whales and Atlantic bottlenose dolphins' Ecology Letters, vol 7, no. 11, pp. 1068-1076. DOI: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2004.00669.x
Larsen, F & Hammond, PS 2004, 'Distribution and abundance of west Greenland humpback whales' Journal of Zoology, vol 263, pp. 343-358. DOI: 10.1017/S095283690400531X
Evans, PGH & Hammond, PS 2004, 'Monitoring cetaceans in European waters' Mammal Review, vol 34, pp. 131-156.
Northridge, SP, Sanderson, JD, Mackay, AI & Hammond, PS 2003, Analysis and mitigation of cetacean bycatch in UK fisheries. Unknown Publisher.
Grellier, K, Hammond, PS, Wilson, B, Sanders-Reed, CA & Thompson, PM 2003, 'Use of photo-identification data to quantify mother-calf association patterns in bottlenose dolphins' Canadian Journal of Zoology, vol 81, pp. 1421-1427. DOI: 10.1139/Z03-132
Stevick, PT, Allen, J, Clapham, PJ, Friday, N, Katona, SK, Larsen, F, Lien, J, Mattila, DK, Palsboll, PJ, Sigurjonsson, J, Smith, TD, Oien, N & Hammond, PS 2003, 'North Atlantic humpback whale abundance and rate of increase four decades after protection from whaling' Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol 258, pp. 263-273.
Stevick, PT, Allen, J, Bérubé, M, Clapham, PJ, Katona, SK, Larsen, F, Lien, J, Mattila, DK, Palsbøll, PJ, Robbins, J, Sigurjónsson, J, Smith, TD, Øien, N & Hammond, PS 2003, 'Segregation of migration by feeding ground origin in North Atlantic humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae)' Journal of Zoology, vol 259, pp. 231-237. DOI: 10.1017/S0952836902003151
Hastie, GD, Barton, T, Grellier, K, Hammond, PS, Swift, RJ, Thompson, P & Wilson, B 2003, 'Distribution of small cetaceans within a candidate Special Area of Conservation; implications for management.' Journal of Cetacean Research and Management, vol 5, no. 3, pp. 261-266.
Hammond, PS, Berggren, P, Benke, H, Borchers, DL, Collet, A, Heide-Jørgensen, MP, Heimlich, S, Hiby, AR, Leopold, MF & Øien, N 2002, 'Abundance of harbour porpoise and other cetaceans in the North Sea and adjacent waters' Journal of Applied Ecology, vol 39, no. 2, pp. 361-376. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2664.2002.00713.x
Stevick, PT, McConnell, BJ & Hammond, PS 2002, Patterns of Movement. in AR Hoelzel (ed.), Marine Mammal Biology: an evolutionary approach. Blackwell, pp. 185-216.
Stevick, PT, Palsbøll, P, Smith, TD, Bravington, MV & Hammond, PS 2001, 'Errors in identification using natural markings: rates, sources and effects on capture-recapture estimates of abundance' Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, vol 58, pp. 1861-1870.
Palka, DL & Hammond, PS 2001, 'Accounting for responsive movement in line transect estimates of abundance' Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, vol 58, pp. 777-787.
Tregenza, N, Northridge, SP, Rogan, E & Hammond, PS 2001, Monitoring echo-location activity of porpoise around set gillnets. Unknown Publisher.
Hammond, PS 2001, The assessment of marine mammal population size and status. in PGH Evans & JA Raga (eds), Marine Mammals: Biology and Conservation. Kluwer, pp. 269-291.
Thompson, PM, Wilson, B, Grellier, K & Hammond, PS 2000, 'Combining power analysis and population viability analysis to compare traditional and precautionary approaches to conservation of coastal cetaceans' Conservation Biology, vol 14, no. 5, pp. 1253-1263.
Hammond, PS, McConnell, BJ, Stevick, PT, Matthiopoulos, J, Lovell, P & Fedak, MA 2000, 'The foraging distribution and behaviour of grey seals and humpback whales: practical lessons for determining critical habitat'.
Wilson, B, Grellier, K, Hammond, PS, Brown, G & Thompson, PM 2000, 'Changing occurrence of epidermal lesions in wild bottlenose dolphins' Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol 205, pp. 283-290.
McConnell, BJ, Fedak, MA, Lovell, P & Hammond, PS 1999, 'Movements and foraging areas of grey seals in the North Sea' Journal of Applied Ecology, vol 36, pp. 573-590.
Wilson, B, Arnold, H, Bearzi, G, Fortuna, CM, Gaspar, R, Ingram, S, Liret, C, Pribanic, S, Read, AJ, Ridoux, V, Schneider, K, Urian, KW, Wells, RS, Wood, C, Thompson, PM & Hammond, PS 1999, 'Epidermal diseases in bottlenose dolphins: impacts of natural and anthropogenic factors' Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences, vol 266, pp. 1077-1083.
Wilson, B, Hammond, PS & Thompson, PM 1999, 'Estimating size and assessing trends in a coastal bottlenose dolphin population.' Ecological Applications, vol 9, no. 1, pp. 288-300.
Smith, TD, Allen, J, Clapham, PJ, Hammond, PS, Katona, SK, Larsen, F, Lien, J, Mattila, DK, Sigurjónsson, J, Stevick, P & Øien, N 1999, 'An ocean-basin-wide mark-recapture study of the North Atlantic humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae).' Marine Mammal Science, vol 15, no. 1, pp. 1-32.
Hammond, PS, Aiton, JF, Hughes, G & Nimmo, I 1999, The biology of numbers: teaching core mathematical skills in the biological sciences. in S Fallows & K Ahmet (eds), Inspiring Students: case studies in motivating the learner Staff and Educational Development Series. Kogan Page, pp. 137-148.
Forcada, J, Hammond, PS & Aguilar, A 1999, 'Status of the Mediterranean monk seal Monachus monachus in the western Sahara and the implications of a mass mortality event' Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol 188, pp. 249-261.
Thompson, PM, Tollit, DJ, Enderby, S & Hammond, PS 1998, 'The influence of body size and sex on the characteristics of harbour seal foraging trips' Canadian Journal of Zoology, vol 76, no. 6, pp. 1044-1053.
Hall, AJ, Watkins, J & Hammond, PS 1998, 'Seasonal variation in the diet of harbour seals in the south-western North Sea: prey availability and predator preferences' Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol 170, pp. 269-281.
Forcada, J & Hammond, PS 1998, 'Geographical variation in density and numbers of striped and common dolphins of the western Mediterranean' Journal of Sea Research, vol 39, no. 3-4, pp. 31-325.
Wilson, B, Thompson, PM & Hammond, PS 1997, 'Habitat use by bottlenose dolphins: seasonal distribution and stratified movement patterns in the Moray Firth, Scotland' Journal of Applied Ecology, vol 34, pp. 1365-1374.
Tregenza, NJC, Berrow, SD, Hammond, PS & Leaper, R 1997, 'Harbour porpoise, Phocoena phocoena L., bycatch in set gill nets in the Celtic Sea' ICES Journal of Marine Science, vol 54, pp. 896-904.
Wilson, B, Thompson, PM & Hammond, PS 1997, 'Skin lesions and physical deformities in bottlenose dolphins in the Moray Firth: population prevalence and age-sex differences' Ambio, vol 26, no. 4, pp. 243-247.
Thompson, PM, Tollit, DJ, Wood, D, Corpe, HM, Hammond, PS & MacKay, A 1997, 'Estimating harbour seal abundance and status in an estuarine habitat in N.E. Scotland' Journal of Applied Ecology, vol 34, pp. 43-52.
Tregenza, NJC, Berrow, SD, Hammond, PS & Leaper, R 1997, 'Common dolphin, Delphinus delphis L., bycatch in bottom set gillnets in the Celtic Sea' Report of the International Whaling Commission, vol 47, pp. 835-839.

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