Dr Sophie Smout


tel: 01334 461829
email: scs10@st-andrews.ac.uk
room: 2.02  (The Observatory)
The Observatory
Buchanan Gardens
University of St Andrews
St Andrews
KY16 9LZ

General Information

My interests are in the processes that drive changes in animal populations, especially in marine ecosystems. Foraging success and trophic interactions have important consequences for populations of ‘top’ marine predators e.g. seabirds and marine mammals, for their prey, and for fisheries. I also work on the implications of bycatch for predators, and the consequences of limiting bycatch for fisheries. Methods used and under development include: modelling the spatial distributions of predators and prey; the analysis of mark-recapture data; modelling trophic interactions; Bayesian methods including state-space (or hidden process) models.


Recent Publications

Suryawanshi, KR, Redpath, SM, Bhatnagar, YV, Ramakrishnan, U, Chaturvedi, V, Smout, SC & Mishra, C 2017, 'Impact of wild prey availability on livestock predation by snow leopards' Royal Society Open Science, vol 4, 170026. DOI: 10.1098/rsos.170026
Jones, EL, Hastie, GD, Smout, S, Onoufriou, J, Merchant, ND, Brookes, KL & Thompson, D 2017, 'Seals and shipping: quantifying population risk and individual exposure to vessel noise' Journal of Applied Ecology, vol Early View. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12911
Jones, EL, Smout, SC, Russell, DJ, Pinn, E & McConnell, BJ 2017, Review of analytical approaches for identifying usage and foraging areas at sea for harbour seals. vol. 602, Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough.
Heath, MR, Richard, L, Kate, S, Cook, R, Speirs, D, Daunt, F, Wanless, S, Hyder, K, Pinnegar, JK, Thorpe, R, Karen, D, Campbell, N, Wright, P, Thorburn, J, Arthur, R, Macdonald, P, Mouat, B, Fox, C, Heymans, S, Coull, K, Evans, P, Fernandes, P, Hammond, P, Smout, S, Kolding, J & Reid, D 2017, FIS013 – Scoping the background information for an ecosystem approach to fisheries in Scottish waters: Review of predator-prey interactions with fisheries, and balanced harvesting. Fisheries Innovation Scotland.
Jones, EL, Smout, SC, Blight, CJ, Sparling, CE & McConnell, BJ 2016, Fine-scale harbour seal at-sea usage around Orkney and the North coast of Scotland. Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science, no. 27, vol. 7, Marine Scotland. DOI: 10.7489/1876-1
Smout, SC 2016, Report of the ICES/NAFO/NAMMCO Working Group on Harp and Hooded Seals (WGHARP). ICES, Copenhagen.
Jones, EL, Morris, C, Smout, SC & McConnell, BJ 2016, Population scaling in 5 km x 5 km grey and harbour seal usage maps. Note to Scottish Government MMSS/002/15. Marine Scotland.
Miller, P, Narazaki, T, Isojunno, S, Suzuki, K, Smout, SC & Sato, K 2016, 'Body density and diving gas volume of the northern bottlenose whale (Hyperoodon ampullatus)' Journal of Experimental Biology, vol 219, no. 16, pp. 2458-2468. DOI: 10.1242/jeb.137349
McConnell, BJ, Smout, SC, Wu, G-M, Thompson, D, Irving, P & Hastie, GD 2016, Marine Renewable Energy MRE1 Annual Report: Marine Mammals and Tidal Energy. Sea Mammal Research Unit.
Kempf, A, Mumford, J, Levontin, P, Leach, A, Hoff, A, Hamon, KG, Bartelings, H, Vinther, M, Staebler, M, Poos, JJ, Smout, S, Frost, H, van den Burg, S, Ulrich, C & Rindorf, A 2016, 'The MSY concept in a multi-objective fisheries environment - Lessons from the North Sea' Marine Policy, vol 69, pp. 146-158. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2016.04.012
Arso Civil, M, Smout, SC, Duck, CD, Morris, C, Onoufriou, J, Thompson, D, Brownlow, A, Davison, N, Cummings, C, Pomeroy, P, McConnell, BJ & Hall, AJ 2016, Harbour Seal Decline - vital rates and drivers: Report to Scottish Government MMSS/002/15. SMRU.
Smout, SC 2016, Report of the NAMMCO Working Group on Coastal Seals 2016. North Atlantic Marine Mammal Commission.
Jones, EL, McConnell, BJ, Smout, SC, Hammond, PS, Duck, CD, Morris, C, Thompson, D, Russell, DJF, Vincent, C, Cronin, M, Sharples, RJ & Matthiopoulos, J 2015, 'Patterns of space use in sympatric marine colonial predators reveals scales of spatial partitioning' Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol 534, pp. 235-249. DOI: 10.3354/meps11370
Caillat, MAA & Smout, SC 2015, CSD4: Harbour Seal Decline: Population Modelling. in Report to Marine Scotland MMSS/001/11.
Jones, EL, Smout, SC & McConnell, BJ 2015, Review the extent of how new survey data affect usage estimates. Report to Marine Scotland MMSS/001/11 MR 5.1. Marine Scotland.
Jones, EL, Smout, SC, Morris, C & McConnell, BJ 2015, Determine data sparse regions. Report to Marine Scotland MMSS/001/11 MR 5.1. Marine Scotland.
Jones, E, Onoufriou, J, Thompson, D & Smout, SC 2015, Examining the distribution of observed carcasses to identify biological and oceanographic patterns and distribution of potential causes to assess the patterns of risk associated with unexplained seal deaths. Report to Scottish Government, no. USD 4, University of St Andrews.
Jones, EL, Smout, SC & McConnell, BJ 2015, Determine environmental covariates for usage preference around the UK. Report to Marine Scotland MMSS/001/11 MR 5.1.6. Marine Scotland.
Aarts, G, Jones, EL, Brasseur, S, Rindorf, A, Smout, SC, Dickey-Collas, M, Wright, P, Russell, DJF, McConnell, BJ, Kirkwood, R, Matthiopoulos, J & Reijnders, P 2014, 'Prey habitat model outperforms prey data in explaining grey seal distribution' Paper presented at Annual Conferenec of the European Cetacean Society, La Rochelle, France, 4/04/05, .
Smout, SC, Rindorf, A, Hammond, PS, Harwood, J & Matthiopoulos, J 2014, 'Modelling prey consumption and switching by UK grey seals' ICES Journal of Marine Science, vol 71, no. 1, pp. 81-89. DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fst109
Smout, SC, King, R & Pomeroy, P 2014, Colony specific implications of individual mass changes for survival and fecundity in female grey seals (Halichoerus grypus). in Report for the Special Committee on Seals. pp. 134-143.
Kingston, A, Smout, SC & Northridge, S 2013, Ecological Risk Assessment of Southwest Fisheries: Marine Mammal Ecosystem Component. Seafish Industry Authority.
Smout, SC, Rindorf, A, Wanless, S, Daunt, F, Harris, MP & Matthiopoulos, J 2013, 'Seabirds maintain offspring provisioning rate despite fluctuations in prey abundance: a multi-species functional response for guillemots in the North Sea' Journal of Applied Ecology, vol 50, no. 4, pp. 1071-1079. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12095
Dickey-Collas, M, Engelhard, G, RIndorf, A, Raab, K, Smout, SC, Aarts, G, van Deurs, M, Brunel, T, Hoff, A, Lauerberg, R, Garthe, S, Haste Anderson, K, Scott, F, van Kooten, T, Beare, D & Peck, M 2013, 'Ecosystem-based management objectives for the North Sea: riding the forage fish rollercoaster' ICES Journal of Marine Science. DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fst075
Oigard, TA, Lindstrom, U, Haug, T, Tormod Nilssen, K & Smout, SC 2013, 'Is harp seal body condition related to variations in environment and prey abundance in the Barents Sea?' Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol 484.
Northridge, S, Smout, SC & McCully, SR 2012, 'Penalising Yield: MSY and bycatch' Paper presented at ICES Annual Sciecne Conference , Bergen, Norway, 17/09/12 - 21/09/12, .
Smout, SC, King, R & Pomeroy, P 2011, 'Estimating demographic parameters for capture-recapture data in the presence of multiple mark types' Environmental and Ecological Statistics, vol 18, no. 2, pp. 331-347. DOI: 10.1007/s10651-010-0135-y
Smout, SC, King, R & Pomeroy, P 2011, 'Integrating heterogeneity of detection and mark loss to estimate survival and transience in UK colonies of grey seals' Journal of Applied Ecology, vol 48, no. 2, pp. 364-372. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2010.01913.x
Smout, SC, Asseburg, C, Matthiopoulos, J, Fernández, C, Redpath, S, Thirgood, S & Harwood, J 2010, 'The functional response of a generalist predator' PLoS One, vol 5, no. 5, e10761. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0010761
Pomeroy, P, Smout, SC, Twiss, S, Moss, S & King, R 2010, 'Low and delayed recruitment at grey seal breeding colonies in the UK' Journal of the NorthWest Fisheries Association, vol 42, pp. 125-133.
Lindstrom, U, Smout, SC, Howell, D & Bogstad, B 2009, 'Modelling multi-species interactions in the Barents Sea ecosystem with special emphasis on minke whales and their interactions with cod, herring and capelin' Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, vol 56, no. 21-22, pp. 2068-2079. DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.11.017
Matthiopoulos, J, Smout, SC, Winship, A, Thompson, D, Boyd, IL & Harwood, J 2008, 'Getting beneath the surface of marine mammal - fisheries competition' Mammal Review, vol 38, no. 2-3, pp. 167-188. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2907.2008.00123.x
Matthiopoulos, J, Graham, K, Smout, SC, Asseburg, C, Redpath, S, Thirgood, S, Hudson, P & Harwood, J 2007, 'Sensitivity to assumptions in models of generalist predation on a cyclic prey' Ecology, vol 88, no. 10, pp. 2576-2586. DOI: 10.1890/06-0483.1
Smout, SC & Lindstrom, U 2007, 'Multispecies functional response of the minke whale Balaenoptera acutorostrata based on small-scale foraging studies' Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol 341, pp. 277-291. DOI: 10.3354/meps341277
Asseburg, C, Harwood, J, Matthiopoulos, J & Smout, SC 2006, The functional response of generalist predators, and their implications for the monitoring of marine ecosystems. in IL Boyd, S Wanless & CJ Camphuysen (eds), Top predators in marine ecosystems: their role in monitoring and management . Cambridge University Press, pp. 262-274.

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