Profile

Prof Patrick Miller

Prof Patrick Miller
Professor


 

My research focuses on social communication and behavioral ecology of marine mammals. I record and describe the behaviour patterns of marine mammals in order to elucidate their function, often using novel research tools. I seek to unravel how the marine environment and anthropogenic stressors such as sonar might influence foraging, social interactions, swimming behaviour, and body condition.

Current Projects

Novel methods to study body condition of cetaceans at sea

Body condition influences how animals trade-off foraging and anti-predator behaviors, and modulates responses to human disturbance. However, current methods for estimating lipid store body condition in cetaceans are descriptive or do not measure full-body fat stores. In this study, we are working to validate, establish and utilize a novel, non-invasive method to measure total body lipid-stores of free-ranging cetaceans by analysis of their underwater swimming pattern. The results of this study will establish and validate an innovative technique to measure body condition in cetaceans, and examine the interplay of body condition with foraging and anti-predator behaviors and reproductive status of females.

Killer whales in the North Atlantic

Killer whales are generalist predators as a species, but each population seems to be remarkably specialized on certain prey types. This project seeks to describe natural behaviour of killer whales in the North Atlantic, focusing upon interatctions between foraging behaviour, social interactions and acoustic communication of herring-feeding killer whales. Work in this area also seeks to explore interactions of killer whales with other speces, and how killer whales respond to underwater noise.

Effects of noise on cetaceans and other animals

The underwater environment is subject to the input of noise from human activities, but there are wide gaps in our understanding about how noise might affect marine mammals. My work within the international collaboration known as '3S' has focused on describing how several species of cetaceans respond to experimental presentation of sonar and various control sounds including killer whale sounds. To aid in management of this important problem, a key component of this work is to determine the levels of noise at which responses start I am using animal models ranging from the fruit fly D montana to long-finned pilot whale to explore how noise influences communication systems and how signallers might respond to noise within ecological and evolutionary time scales.

source: symbiosis

 

50 (of 102 published available) for pm29 (source: University of St Andrews PURE)
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Future directions in research on beaked whales Sascha Kate Hooker, Natacha Aguilar de Soto, Robin W. Baird, Emma Louise Carroll, Laura Feyrer, Patrick Miller, Aubrie Onoufriou, Greg Schorr, Hal Whitehead
Frontiers in Marine Science 2019 vol.5
Northern bottlenose whales in a pristine environment respond strongly to close and distant navy sonar signals Paul Wensveen, Saana Isojunno, Rune R. Hansen, Alexander M. Von Benda-beckmann, Lars Kleivane, Sander Van Ijsselmuide, Frans-peter A. Lam, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Stacy L. Deruiter, Charlotte Curé, Tomoko Narazaki, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Patrick Miller
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 2019 vol.286
Predicting acoustic dose associated with marine mammal behavioural responses to sound as detected with fixed acoustic recorders and satellite tags A.M. von Benda-Beckmann, Paul Wensveen, M. Prior, M.A. Ainslie, R. R. Hansen, Saana Isojunno, F.P.A. Lam, P.H. Kvadsheim, Patrick Miller
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 2019 vol.145 pp.1401-1416
Body density of humpback whales (Megaptera novaengliae) in feeding aggregations estimated from hydrodynamic gliding performance Tomoko Narazaki, Saana Isojunno, Douglas P. Nowacek, Ari S. Friedlaender, Christian Ramp, Sophie Caroline Smout, Kagari Aoki, Volker Bernt Deecke, Katsufumi Sato, Patrick Miller
PLoS ONE 2018 vol.13
Breathing patterns indicate cost of exercise during diving and response to experimental sound exposures in long-finned pilot whales Saana Isojunno, Kagari Aoki, Charlotte Curé, Peter Kvadsheim, Patrick Miller
Frontiers in Physiology 2018 vol.9
Crowd intelligence can discern between repertoires of killer whale ecotypes Anastasya Yu. Danishevskaya, Olga Alexandrovna Filatova, Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, Patrick Miller, John K B Ford, Harald Yurk, Craig O. Matkin, Erich Hoyt
Bioacoustics vol.Latest Articles
Killer whales (Orcinus orca) in Iceland show weak genetic structure among diverse isotopic signatures and observed movement patterns Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, Sonia Christina Marques Pascoal, Jefferson Alden Graves, Patrick Miller
Ecology and Evolution vol.Early View
Marine mammals and sonar Catriona M Harris, Len Thomas, Erin Falcone, John Hildebrand, Dorian Houser, Petter Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Patrick Miller, David J. Moretti, Andrew Read, Hans Slabbekoorn, Brandon L. Southall, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Douglas Wartzok, Vincent Janik
Journal of Applied Ecology 2018 vol.55 pp.396-404
A multilevel society of herring-eating killer whales indicates adaptation to prey characteristics Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, Patrick Miller
Behavioral Ecology 2017 vol.28 pp.500-514
Avoidance responses of minke whales to 1–4 kHz naval sonar Petter H Kvadsheim, Stacy DeRuiter, Lise D Sivle, Jeremy Goldbogen, Rune Roland-Hansen, Patrick Miller, Frans-Peter A Lam, John Calambokidis, Ari Friedlaender, Fleur Visser, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Lars Kleivane, Brandon Southall
Marine Pollution Bulletin 2017 vol.121 pp.60-68
High diving metabolic rate indicated by high-speed transit to depth in negatively buoyant long-finned pilot whales Kagari Aoki, Katsufumi Sato, Saana Isojunno, Tomoko Narazaki, Patrick Miller
Journal of Experimental Biology 2017 vol.220 pp.3802-3811
Icelandic herring-eating killer whales feed at night Richard Gaëtan, Olga Alexandrovna Filatova, Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, Ivan D. Fedutin, Marc Lammers, Patrick Miller
Marine Biology 2017 vol.164
Individual, ecological, and anthropogenic influences on activity budgets of long-finned pilot whales Saana Isojunno, Dinara Sadykova, Stacy Lynn De Ruiter, Charlotte Curé, Fleur Visser, Len Thomas, Patrick Miller, Catriona M Harris
Ecosphere 2017 vol.8
Lack of behavioural responses of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) indicate limited effectiveness of sonar mitigation Paul Wensveen, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Alexander M. von Benda-Beckmann, Lise D. Sivle, Fleur Visser, Charlotte Cure, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Patrick Miller
Journal of Experimental Biology vol.220 pp.4150-4161
Movements and site fidelity of killer whales (Orcinus orca) relative to seasonal and long-term shifts in herring (Clupea harengus) distribution Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, J. Béesau, V. B. Deecke, A. Fennell, Patrick Miller, H. Pétursson, J Sigurjónsson, G. A. Víkingsson
Marine Biology 2017 vol.164
Short first click intervals in echolocation trains of three species of deep diving odontocetes Peter Lloyd Tyack, Patrick Miller, Luke Edward Rendell
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 2017 vol.141 pp.900-907
Vocal foragers and silent crowds Fleur Visser, Annebelle C.M. Kok, Machiel G. Oudejans, Lindesay Alexandra Sarah Scott-Hayward, Stacy Lynn De Ruiter, Ana Catarina De Carvalho Alves, Ricardo Nuno Antunes, Saana Isojunno, Graham J. Pierce, Hans Slabbekoorn, Jef Huisman, Patrick Miller
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 2017 vol.71
Assessing the effectiveness of ramp-up during sonar operations using exposure models Alexander M. Von Benda-Beckmann, Paul Wensveen, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter A Lam, Patrick Miller, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Michael A. Ainslie
2016 vol.875 pp.1197-1203
Biological significance of sperm whale responses to sonar: comparison with anti-predator responses Charlotte Curé, Saana Isojunno, Fleur Visser, Paul Wensveen, Lise D. Sivle, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Patrick Miller
Endangered Species Research 2016 vol.31 pp.89-102
Body density and diving gas volume of the northern bottlenose whale (Hyperoodon ampullatus) Patrick Miller, Tomoko Narazaki, Saana Isojunno, Kagari Aoki, Sophie Caroline Smout, Katsufumi sato
Journal of Experimental Biology 2016 vol.219 pp.2458-2468
Controlled sonar exposure experiments on cetaceans in norwegian waters Frans-Peter A Lam, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Patrick Miller, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Michael A. Ainslie, Charlotte Cure, Lars Kleivane, Lise Doksaeter Sivle, Sander P. Van Ijsselmuide, Fleur Visser, Alexander M. Von Benda-Beckmann, Paul Wensveen, René P A Dekeling
2016 vol.875 pp.589-598
Disturbance-specific social responses in long-finned pilot whales, Globicephala melas Fleur Visser, Charlotte Cure, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter A Lam, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Patrick Miller
Scientific Reports 2016 vol.6
Experimental field studies to measure behavioral responses of cetaceans to sonar Brandon Southall, Douglas Nowacek, Patrick Miller, Peter Lloyd Tyack
Endangered Species Research 2016 vol.31 pp.293-315
From physiology to policy Natacha Aguilar de Soto, Sascha Kate Hooker, Saana Isojunno, Mark Johnson, Patrick Miller, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Paul Wensveen, Carl Robert Donovan, Catriona M Harris, Danielle Harris, Laura Helen Marshall, Cornelia Sabrina Oedekoven, Rocio Prieto, Len Thomas
Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics 2016 vol.27
Low-frequency signals produced by Northeast Atlantic killer whales (Orcinus orca) Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, Volker Bernt Deecke, Patrick Miller
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 2016 vol.139 pp.1149-1157
Naval sonar disrupts foraging behaviour in humpback whales Lise D. Sivle, Paul Wensveen, Petter Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Fleur Visser, Charlotte Cure, Catriona M Harris, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Patrick Miller
Marine Ecology Progress Series 2016 vol.562 pp.211-220
Physical constraints of cultural evolution of dialects in killer whales Olga A. Filatova, Filipa I. P. Samarra, Lance G. Barrett-Lennard, Patrick Miller, John K. B. Ford, Harald Yurk, Craig O. Matkin, Erich Hoyt
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 2016 vol.140 pp.3755-3764
Separating underwater ambient noise from flow noise recorded on stereo acoustic tags attached to marine mammals Alexander M von Benda-Beckmann, Paul Wensveen, Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, S. Peter Beerens, Patrick Miller
Journal of Experimental Biology 2016 vol.219 pp.2271-2275
Sperm whales reduce foraging effort during exposure to 1-2 kH z sonar and killer whale sounds Saana Isojunno, Charlotte Cure, Petter Helgevold Kvadsheim, Frans Peter Alexander Lam, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Paul Wensveen, Patrick Miller
Ecological Applications 2016 vol.26 pp.77-93
The challenges of analyzing behavioral response study data Catriona M Harris, Len Thomas, Dinara Sadykova, Stacy Lynn De Ruiter, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Brandon L. Southall, Andrew J. Read, Patrick Miller
2016 pp.399-407
The significance of respiration timing in the energetics estimates of free-ranging killer whales (Orcinus orca) Mick Wu, Patrick Miller
Journal of Experimental Biology 2016 vol.219 pp.2066-2077
Tracking the kinematics of caudal-oscillatory swimming Lucía Martina Martín López, Natacha Aguilar de Soto, Patrick Miller, Mark Johnson
Journal of Experimental Biology 2016 vol.219 pp.2103-2109
A path reconstruction method integrating dead-reckoning and position fixes applied to humpback whales Paul Wensveen, Len Thomas, Patrick Miller
Movement Ecology 2015 vol.3
An agent-based model of dialect evolution in killer whales Olga Alexandrovna Filatova, Patrick Miller
Journal of Theoretical Biology 2015 vol.373 pp.82-91
Cultural evolution of killer whale calls Olga Alexandrovna Filatova, Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, Volker Bernt Deecke, John K. B. Ford, Patrick Miller, Harald Yurk
Behaviour 2015 vol.152 pp.2001-2038
Dose response severity functions for acoustic disturbance in cetaceans using recurrent event survival analysis Catriona M Harris, Dinara Sadykova, Stacy Lynn De Ruiter, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Patrick Miller, Petter Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter Lam, Len Thomas
Ecosphere 2015 vol.6
First indications that northern bottlenose whales are sensitive to behavioural disturbance from anthropogenic noise Patrick Miller, P H Kvadsheim, F P A Lam, Peter Lloyd Tyack, C Cure, Stacy Lynn De Ruiter, L Kleivane, L D Sivle, S P van IJsselmuide, F Visser, Paul Wensveen, A M von Benda-Beckmann, Lucía Martina Martín López, Tomoko Narazaki, Sascha Kate Hooker
Royal Society Open Science 2015 vol.2
Gait switches in deep-diving beaked whales Lucía Martina Martín López, Patrick Miller, Natacha Aguilar de Soto, Mark Johnson
Journal of Experimental Biology 2015 vol.218 pp.1325-1338
Geographic variation in the time-frequency characteristics of high-frequency whistles produced by killer whales (Orcinus orca) Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, Volker Bernt Deecke, Anne E. Simonis, Patrick Miller
Marine Mammal Science 2015 vol.31 pp.688-706
How effectively do horizontal and vertical response strategies of long-finned pilot whales reduce sound exposure from naval sonar? Paul Wensveen, Alexander M von Benda-Beckmann, Michael A Ainslie, Frans-Peter A Lam, Petter H Kvadsheim, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Patrick Miller
Marine Environmental Research 2015 vol.106 pp.68-81
Humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) song unit and phrase repertoire progression on a subarctic feeding ground Edda E. Magnusdottir, Patrick Miller, Rangyn Lim, Marianne H. Rasmussen, Marc O. Lammers, Joerundur Svavarsson
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 2015 vol.138 pp.3362-3374
Killer whale call frequency is similar across the oceans, but varies across sympatric ecotypes Olga Alexandrovna Filatova, Patrick Miller, Harald Yurk, Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, Erich Hoyt, John K. B. Ford, Craig O. Matkin, Lance G. Barrett-Lennard
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 2015 vol.138 pp.251-257
Marine seismic surveys and ocean noise Douglas P. Nowacek, Christopher W. Clark, David Mann, Patrick Miller, Howard C. Rosenbaum, Jay S. Golden, Michael Jasny, James Kraska, Brandon L. Southall
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 2015 vol.13 pp.378-386
Non-song social call bouts of migrating humpback whales Melinda Rekdahl, Rebecca Dunlop, Anne Goldizen, Ellen Clare Garland, Nicoletta Biassoni, Patrick Miller, Michael Noad
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 2015 vol.137 pp.3042-3053
Predator sound playbacks reveal strong avoidance responses in a fight strategist baleen whale Charlotte Cure, Lise Doksaeter-Sivle, Fleur Visser, Paul Wensveen, Saana Isojunno, Catriona M Harris, Petter Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter Lam, Patrick Miller
Marine Ecology Progress Series 2015 vol.526 pp.267-282
Prey-induced behavioural plasticity of herring-eating killer whales Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, Patrick Miller
Marine Biology 2015 vol.162 pp.809-821
Severity of expert-identified behavioural responses of humpback whale, minke whale, and northern bottlenose whale to naval sonar Lise D. Sivle, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Charlotte Cure, Saana Isojunno, Paul Wensveen, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Fleur Visser, Lars Kleivane, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Catriona M Harris, Patrick Miller
Aquatic Mammals 2015 vol.41 pp.469-502
Sperm whale echolocation behaviour reveals a directed, prior-based search strategy informed by prey distribution A. Fais, Natacha Aguilar de Soto, Mark Johnson, C. Pérez-González, Patrick Miller, P.T. Madsen
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 2015 vol.69 pp.663-674

Contact

The Secretary
Scottish Oceans Institute
Institiud Chuantan na h-Alba
Gatty Marine Laboratory
East Sands St Andrews
KY16 8LB
Scotland
UK

tel: +44 (0) 1334 463472
fax: +44 (0) 1334 463443
email: soi@st-andrews.ac.uk

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