Profile

Prof Patrick Miller

Prof Patrick Miller
Professor


 

My research focuses on social communication and behavioral ecology of marine mammals. I record and describe the behaviour patterns of marine mammals in order to elucidate their function, often using novel research tools. I seek to unravel how the marine environment and anthropogenic stressors such as sonar might influence foraging, social interactions, swimming behaviour, and body condition.

Current Projects

Novel methods to study body condition of cetaceans at sea

Body condition influences how animals trade-off foraging and anti-predator behaviors, and modulates responses to human disturbance. However, current methods for estimating lipid store body condition in cetaceans are descriptive or do not measure full-body fat stores. In this study, we are working to validate, establish and utilize a novel, non-invasive method to measure total body lipid-stores of free-ranging cetaceans by analysis of their underwater swimming pattern. The results of this study will establish and validate an innovative technique to measure body condition in cetaceans, and examine the interplay of body condition with foraging and anti-predator behaviors and reproductive status of females.

Killer whales in the North Atlantic

Killer whales are generalist predators as a species, but each population seems to be remarkably specialized on certain prey types. This project seeks to describe natural behaviour of killer whales in the North Atlantic, focusing upon interatctions between foraging behaviour, social interactions and acoustic communication of herring-feeding killer whales. Work in this area also seeks to explore interactions of killer whales with other speces, and how killer whales respond to underwater noise.

Effects of noise on cetaceans and other animals

The underwater environment is subject to the input of noise from human activities, but there are wide gaps in our understanding about how noise might affect marine mammals. My work within the international collaboration known as '3S' has focused on describing how several species of cetaceans respond to experimental presentation of sonar and various control sounds including killer whale sounds. To aid in management of this important problem, a key component of this work is to determine the levels of noise at which responses start I am using animal models ranging from the fruit fly D montana to long-finned pilot whale to explore how noise influences communication systems and how signallers might respond to noise within ecological and evolutionary time scales.

source: symbiosis

 

7 (of 7 published available) for pm29 with keyword Behavioural response clear keyword filter. (source: University of St Andrews PURE)
Please click title of any item for full details

Predicting acoustic dose associated with marine mammal behavioural responses to sound as detected with fixed acoustic recorders and satellite tags A.M. von Benda-Beckmann, Paul Wensveen, M. Prior, M.A. Ainslie, R. R. Hansen, Saana Isojunno, F.P.A. Lam, P.H. Kvadsheim, Patrick Miller
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 2019 vol.145 pp.1401-1416
Marine mammals and sonar Catriona M Harris, Len Thomas, Erin Falcone, John Hildebrand, Dorian Houser, Petter Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Patrick Miller, David J. Moretti, Andrew Read, Hans Slabbekoorn, Brandon L. Southall, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Douglas Wartzok, Vincent Janik
Journal of Applied Ecology 2018 vol.55 pp.396-404
Avoidance responses of minke whales to 1–4 kHz naval sonar Petter H Kvadsheim, Stacy DeRuiter, Lise D Sivle, Jeremy Goldbogen, Rune Roland-Hansen, Patrick Miller, Frans-Peter A Lam, John Calambokidis, Ari Friedlaender, Fleur Visser, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Lars Kleivane, Brandon Southall
Marine Pollution Bulletin 2017 vol.121 pp.60-68
Lack of behavioural responses of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) indicate limited effectiveness of sonar mitigation Paul Wensveen, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Alexander M. von Benda-Beckmann, Lise D. Sivle, Fleur Visser, Charlotte Cure, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Patrick Miller
Journal of Experimental Biology vol.220 pp.4150-4161
First indications that northern bottlenose whales are sensitive to behavioural disturbance from anthropogenic noise Patrick Miller, P H Kvadsheim, F P A Lam, Peter Lloyd Tyack, C Cure, Stacy Lynn De Ruiter, L Kleivane, L D Sivle, S P van IJsselmuide, F Visser, Paul Wensveen, A M von Benda-Beckmann, Lucía Martina Martín López, Tomoko Narazaki, Sascha Kate Hooker
Royal Society Open Science 2015 vol.2
How effectively do horizontal and vertical response strategies of long-finned pilot whales reduce sound exposure from naval sonar? Paul Wensveen, Alexander M von Benda-Beckmann, Michael A Ainslie, Frans-Peter A Lam, Petter H Kvadsheim, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Patrick Miller
Marine Environmental Research 2015 vol.106 pp.68-81
Severity of expert-identified behavioural responses of humpback whale, minke whale, and northern bottlenose whale to naval sonar Lise D. Sivle, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Charlotte Cure, Saana Isojunno, Paul Wensveen, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Fleur Visser, Lars Kleivane, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Catriona M Harris, Patrick Miller
Aquatic Mammals 2015 vol.41 pp.469-502

Contact

The Secretary
Scottish Oceans Institute
Institiud Chuantan na h-Alba
Gatty Marine Laboratory
East Sands St Andrews
KY16 8LB
Scotland
UK

tel: +44 (0) 1334 463472
fax: +44 (0) 1334 463443
email: soi@st-andrews.ac.uk

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