Profile

Prof Patrick Miller

Prof Patrick Miller
Professor


 

My research focuses on social communication and behavioral ecology of marine mammals. I record and describe the behaviour patterns of marine mammals in order to elucidate their function, often using novel research tools. I seek to unravel how the marine environment and anthropogenic stressors such as sonar might influence foraging, social interactions, swimming behaviour, and body condition.

Current Projects

Novel methods to study body condition of cetaceans at sea

Body condition influences how animals trade-off foraging and anti-predator behaviors, and modulates responses to human disturbance. However, current methods for estimating lipid store body condition in cetaceans are descriptive or do not measure full-body fat stores. In this study, we are working to validate, establish and utilize a novel, non-invasive method to measure total body lipid-stores of free-ranging cetaceans by analysis of their underwater swimming pattern. The results of this study will establish and validate an innovative technique to measure body condition in cetaceans, and examine the interplay of body condition with foraging and anti-predator behaviors and reproductive status of females.

Killer whales in the North Atlantic

Killer whales are generalist predators as a species, but each population seems to be remarkably specialized on certain prey types. This project seeks to describe natural behaviour of killer whales in the North Atlantic, focusing upon interatctions between foraging behaviour, social interactions and acoustic communication of herring-feeding killer whales. Work in this area also seeks to explore interactions of killer whales with other speces, and how killer whales respond to underwater noise.

Effects of noise on cetaceans and other animals

The underwater environment is subject to the input of noise from human activities, but there are wide gaps in our understanding about how noise might affect marine mammals. My work within the international collaboration known as '3S' has focused on describing how several species of cetaceans respond to experimental presentation of sonar and various control sounds including killer whale sounds. To aid in management of this important problem, a key component of this work is to determine the levels of noise at which responses start I am using animal models ranging from the fruit fly D montana to long-finned pilot whale to explore how noise influences communication systems and how signallers might respond to noise within ecological and evolutionary time scales.

source: symbiosis

 

21 (of 21 published available) for pm29 with keyword Cetacean clear keyword filter. (source: University of St Andrews PURE)
Please click title of any item for full details

Northern bottlenose whales in a pristine environment respond strongly to close and distant navy sonar signals Paul Wensveen, Saana Isojunno, Rune R. Hansen, Alexander M. Von Benda-beckmann, Lars Kleivane, Sander Van Ijsselmuide, Frans-peter A. Lam, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Stacy L. Deruiter, Charlotte Curé, Tomoko Narazaki, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Patrick Miller
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 2019 vol.286
Predicting acoustic dose associated with marine mammal behavioural responses to sound as detected with fixed acoustic recorders and satellite tags A.M. von Benda-Beckmann, Paul Wensveen, M. Prior, M.A. Ainslie, R. R. Hansen, Saana Isojunno, F.P.A. Lam, P.H. Kvadsheim, Patrick Miller
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 2019 vol.145 pp.1401-1416
Body density of humpback whales (Megaptera novaengliae) in feeding aggregations estimated from hydrodynamic gliding performance Tomoko Narazaki, Saana Isojunno, Douglas P. Nowacek, Ari S. Friedlaender, Christian Ramp, Sophie Caroline Smout, Kagari Aoki, Volker Bernt Deecke, Katsufumi Sato, Patrick Miller
PLoS ONE 2018 vol.13
Marine mammals and sonar Catriona M Harris, Len Thomas, Erin Falcone, John Hildebrand, Dorian Houser, Petter Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Patrick Miller, David J. Moretti, Andrew Read, Hans Slabbekoorn, Brandon L. Southall, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Douglas Wartzok, Vincent Janik
Journal of Applied Ecology 2018 vol.55 pp.396-404
High diving metabolic rate indicated by high-speed transit to depth in negatively buoyant long-finned pilot whales Kagari Aoki, Katsufumi Sato, Saana Isojunno, Tomoko Narazaki, Patrick Miller
Journal of Experimental Biology 2017 vol.220 pp.3802-3811
Biological significance of sperm whale responses to sonar: comparison with anti-predator responses Charlotte Curé, Saana Isojunno, Fleur Visser, Paul Wensveen, Lise D. Sivle, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Patrick Miller
Endangered Species Research 2016 vol.31 pp.89-102
Body density and diving gas volume of the northern bottlenose whale (Hyperoodon ampullatus) Patrick Miller, Tomoko Narazaki, Saana Isojunno, Kagari Aoki, Sophie Caroline Smout, Katsufumi sato
Journal of Experimental Biology 2016 vol.219 pp.2458-2468
Experimental field studies to measure behavioral responses of cetaceans to sonar Brandon Southall, Douglas Nowacek, Patrick Miller, Peter Lloyd Tyack
Endangered Species Research 2016 vol.31 pp.293-315
From physiology to policy Natacha Aguilar de Soto, Sascha Kate Hooker, Saana Isojunno, Mark Johnson, Patrick Miller, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Paul Wensveen, Carl Robert Donovan, Catriona M Harris, Danielle Harris, Laura Helen Marshall, Cornelia Sabrina Oedekoven, Rocio Prieto, Len Thomas
Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics 2016 vol.27
Naval sonar disrupts foraging behaviour in humpback whales Lise D. Sivle, Paul Wensveen, Petter Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Fleur Visser, Charlotte Cure, Catriona M Harris, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Patrick Miller
Marine Ecology Progress Series 2016 vol.562 pp.211-220
The challenges of analyzing behavioral response study data Catriona M Harris, Len Thomas, Dinara Sadykova, Stacy Lynn De Ruiter, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Brandon L. Southall, Andrew J. Read, Patrick Miller
2016 pp.399-407
The significance of respiration timing in the energetics estimates of free-ranging killer whales (Orcinus orca) Mick Wu, Patrick Miller
Journal of Experimental Biology 2016 vol.219 pp.2066-2077
Dose response severity functions for acoustic disturbance in cetaceans using recurrent event survival analysis Catriona M Harris, Dinara Sadykova, Stacy Lynn De Ruiter, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Patrick Miller, Petter Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter Lam, Len Thomas
Ecosphere 2015 vol.6
How effectively do horizontal and vertical response strategies of long-finned pilot whales reduce sound exposure from naval sonar? Paul Wensveen, Alexander M von Benda-Beckmann, Michael A Ainslie, Frans-Peter A Lam, Petter H Kvadsheim, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Patrick Miller
Marine Environmental Research 2015 vol.106 pp.68-81
Non-song social call bouts of migrating humpback whales Melinda Rekdahl, Rebecca Dunlop, Anne Goldizen, Ellen Clare Garland, Nicoletta Biassoni, Patrick Miller, Michael Noad
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 2015 vol.137 pp.3042-3053
Sperm whale response to tag boat presence Saana Isojunno, Patrick Miller
Ecosphere 2015 vol.6
How man-made interference might cause gas bubble emboli in deep diving whales Andreas Fahlman, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Patrick Miller, Petter Kvadsheim
Frontiers in Physiology 2014 vol.5 pp.1-6
The social context of individual foraging behaviour in long-finned pilot whales (Globicephala melas) Fleur Visser, Patrick Miller, Ricardo Nuno Antunes, Machiel G. Oudejans, Monique Lea MacKenzie, Kagari Aoki, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Jef Huisman, Peter Lloyd Tyack
Behaviour 2014 vol.151 pp.1453-1477
Responses of male sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) to killer whale sounds Charlotte Cure, Ricardo Nuno Antunes, Ana Catarina De Carvalho Alves, Fleur Visser, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Patrick Miller
Scientific Reports 2013 vol.3
Estimated tissue and blood N2 levels and risk of in vivo bubble formation in deep-, intermediate- and shallow diving toothed whales during exposure to naval sonar. Petter H Kvadsheim, Patrick Miller, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Lise D Sivle, Frans Peter Lam, Andreas Fahlman
Frontiers in Physiology 2012 vol.3
Pilot whales attracted to killer whales sounds Charlotte Curé, Ricardo Nuno Antunes, Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, Ana Catarina De Carvalho Alves, Fleur Visser, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Patrick Miller
PLoS One 2012 vol.7

Contact

The Secretary
Scottish Oceans Institute
Institiud Chuantan na h-Alba
Gatty Marine Laboratory
East Sands St Andrews
KY16 8LB
Scotland
UK

tel: +44 (0) 1334 463472
fax: +44 (0) 1334 463443
email: soi@st-andrews.ac.uk

X
X