Profile

Prof Patrick Miller

Prof Patrick Miller
Professor


 

My research focuses on social communication and behavioral ecology of marine mammals. I record and describe the behaviour patterns of marine mammals in order to elucidate their function, often using novel research tools. I seek to unravel how the marine environment and anthropogenic stressors such as sonar might influence foraging, social interactions, swimming behaviour, and body condition.

Current Projects

Novel methods to study body condition of cetaceans at sea

Body condition influences how animals trade-off foraging and anti-predator behaviors, and modulates responses to human disturbance. However, current methods for estimating lipid store body condition in cetaceans are descriptive or do not measure full-body fat stores. In this study, we are working to validate, establish and utilize a novel, non-invasive method to measure total body lipid-stores of free-ranging cetaceans by analysis of their underwater swimming pattern. The results of this study will establish and validate an innovative technique to measure body condition in cetaceans, and examine the interplay of body condition with foraging and anti-predator behaviors and reproductive status of females.

Killer whales in the North Atlantic

Killer whales are generalist predators as a species, but each population seems to be remarkably specialized on certain prey types. This project seeks to describe natural behaviour of killer whales in the North Atlantic, focusing upon interatctions between foraging behaviour, social interactions and acoustic communication of herring-feeding killer whales. Work in this area also seeks to explore interactions of killer whales with other speces, and how killer whales respond to underwater noise.

Effects of noise on cetaceans and other animals

The underwater environment is subject to the input of noise from human activities, but there are wide gaps in our understanding about how noise might affect marine mammals. My work within the international collaboration known as '3S' has focused on describing how several species of cetaceans respond to experimental presentation of sonar and various control sounds including killer whale sounds. To aid in management of this important problem, a key component of this work is to determine the levels of noise at which responses start I am using animal models ranging from the fruit fly D montana to long-finned pilot whale to explore how noise influences communication systems and how signallers might respond to noise within ecological and evolutionary time scales.

source: symbiosis

 

Recent publications


15  (of 15 published available) for pm29 with keyword Cetaceans clear keyword filter. (source: University of St Andrews PURE)
Please click title of any item for full details.

2018 (1)
Journal of Applied Ecology
vol.55 pp.396-404
(Review article)
Marine mammals and sonar
Catriona M Harris, Len Thomas, Erin Falcone, John Hildebrand, Dorian Houser, Petter Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Patrick Miller, David J. Moretti, Andrew Read, Hans Slabbekoorn, Brandon L. Southall, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Douglas Wartzok, Vincent Janik 
Keywords: Sonar, Cetaceans, Human disturbance, Impact assessment, Anti-predator response, Anthropogenic noise, Behavioural response, Marine mammals, Dose response
2017 (18/10)
Journal of Experimental Biology
vol.220 pp.3802-3811
(Article)
2016 (17/8)
Journal of Experimental Biology
vol.219 pp.2458-2468
(Article)
2016 (6/12)
Endangered Species Research
vol.31 pp.293-315
(Review article)
2016 (12)
Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics
vol.27 
(Review article)
From physiology to policy
Natacha Aguilar de Soto, Sascha Kate Hooker, Saana Isojunno, Mark Johnson, Patrick Miller, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Paul Wensveen, Carl Robert Donovan, Catriona M Harris, Danielle Harris, Laura Helen Marshall, Cornelia Sabrina Oedekoven, Rocio Prieto, Len Thomas 
2016 (29/12)
Marine Ecology Progress Series
vol.562 pp.211-220
(Article)
Naval sonar disrupts foraging behaviour in humpback whales
Lise D. Sivle, Paul Wensveen, Petter Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Fleur Visser, Charlotte Cure, Catriona M Harris, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Patrick Miller 
Keywords: Humpback whale, Megaptera novaeangliae, Naval sonar, Behavioral response, Lung feeding
2016
pp.399-407
(Conference contribution)
The challenges of analyzing behavioral response study data
Catriona M Harris, Len Thomas, Dinara Sadykova, Stacy Lynn De Ruiter, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Brandon L. Southall, Andrew J. Read, Patrick Miller 
Keywords: Sonar, Cetaceans, Change-point, Dose-response, State-space modelling
2015 (20/11)
Ecosphere
vol.6 
(Article)
2015 (5)
Marine Environmental Research
vol.106 pp.68-81
(Article)
How effectively do horizontal and vertical response strategies of long-finned pilot whales reduce sound exposure from naval sonar?
Paul Wensveen, Alexander M von Benda-Beckmann, Michael A Ainslie, Frans-Peter A Lam, Petter H Kvadsheim, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Patrick Miller 
Keywords: Cetaceans, Disturbance, Behaviour, Environmental impact, Noise, Risk assessment, Individual-based models, Sonar
2014
Behaviour
vol.151 pp.1453-1477
(Article)
2013 (2/4)
Scientific Reports
vol.3 
(Article)
Responses of male sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) to killer whale sounds
Charlotte Cure, Ricardo Nuno Antunes, Ana Catarina De Carvalho Alves, Fleur Visser, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Patrick Miller 
Keywords: Behavioural ecology, Animal behaviour
2012 (10/5)
Frontiers in Physiology
vol.3 
(Article)
2012 (26/12)
PLoS One
vol.7 
(Article)
Pilot whales attracted to killer whales sounds
Charlotte Curé, Ricardo Nuno Antunes, Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, Ana Catarina De Carvalho Alves, Fleur Visser, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Patrick Miller 
Keywords: Pilot whales, Killer whales, Acoustically-Mediated Interspecific Interactions , Vocalizations, Multi-sensor tag

Contact

The Secretary
Scottish Oceans Institute
Institiud Chuantan na h-Alba
Gatty Marine Laboratory
East Sands St Andrews
KY16 8LB
Scotland
UK

tel: +44 (0) 1334 463472
fax: +44 (0) 1334 463443
email: soi@st-andrews.ac.uk

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