Profile

Prof Patrick Miller

Prof Patrick Miller
Professor


 

My research focuses on social communication and behavioral ecology of marine mammals. I record and describe the behaviour patterns of marine mammals in order to elucidate their function, often using novel research tools. I seek to unravel how the marine environment and anthropogenic stressors such as sonar might influence foraging, social interactions, swimming behaviour, and body condition.

Current Projects

Novel methods to study body condition of cetaceans at sea

Body condition influences how animals trade-off foraging and anti-predator behaviors, and modulates responses to human disturbance. However, current methods for estimating lipid store body condition in cetaceans are descriptive or do not measure full-body fat stores. In this study, we are working to validate, establish and utilize a novel, non-invasive method to measure total body lipid-stores of free-ranging cetaceans by analysis of their underwater swimming pattern. The results of this study will establish and validate an innovative technique to measure body condition in cetaceans, and examine the interplay of body condition with foraging and anti-predator behaviors and reproductive status of females.

Killer whales in the North Atlantic

Killer whales are generalist predators as a species, but each population seems to be remarkably specialized on certain prey types. This project seeks to describe natural behaviour of killer whales in the North Atlantic, focusing upon interatctions between foraging behaviour, social interactions and acoustic communication of herring-feeding killer whales. Work in this area also seeks to explore interactions of killer whales with other speces, and how killer whales respond to underwater noise.

Effects of noise on cetaceans and other animals

The underwater environment is subject to the input of noise from human activities, but there are wide gaps in our understanding about how noise might affect marine mammals. My work within the international collaboration known as '3S' has focused on describing how several species of cetaceans respond to experimental presentation of sonar and various control sounds including killer whale sounds. To aid in management of this important problem, a key component of this work is to determine the levels of noise at which responses start I am using animal models ranging from the fruit fly D montana to long-finned pilot whale to explore how noise influences communication systems and how signallers might respond to noise within ecological and evolutionary time scales.

source: symbiosis

 

Recent publications


14  (of 14 published available) for pm29 with keyword Feeding clear keyword filter. (source: University of St Andrews PURE)
Please click title of any item for full details.

2018 (12/7)
PLoS ONE
vol.13 
(Article)
Body density of humpback whales (Megaptera novaengliae) in feeding aggregations estimated from hydrodynamic gliding performance
Tomoko Narazaki, Saana Isojunno, Douglas P. Nowacek, Ari S. Friedlaender, Christian Ramp, Sophie Caroline Smout, Kagari Aoki, Volker Bernt Deecke, Katsufumi Sato, Patrick Miller 
2017 (2)
Marine Biology
vol.164 
(Article)
Icelandic herring-eating killer whales feed at night
Richard Gaëtan, Olga Alexandrovna Filatova, Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, Ivan D. Fedutin, Marc Lammers, Patrick Miller 
Keywords: Killer whale, Diel behaviour, Acoustic communication, Feeding, Herring, Underwater tail slap, Herding call, Passive acoustic monitoring
2017 (12)
Ecosphere
vol.8 
(Article)
Individual, ecological, and anthropogenic influences on activity budgets of long-finned pilot whales
Saana Isojunno, Dinara Sadykova, Stacy Lynn De Ruiter, Charlotte Curé, Fleur Visser, Len Thomas, Patrick Miller, Catriona M Harris 
Keywords: Anthropogenic noise, Activity synchrony, Benthic habitat, Deep diving mammal, DTAG, Ethogram, Globicephala melas, Hidden Markov model, Naval sonar
2016 (29/12)
Marine Ecology Progress Series
vol.562 pp.211-220
(Article)
Naval sonar disrupts foraging behaviour in humpback whales
Lise D. Sivle, Paul Wensveen, Petter Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Fleur Visser, Charlotte Cure, Catriona M Harris, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Patrick Miller 
Keywords: Humpback whale, Megaptera novaeangliae, Naval sonar, Behavioral response, Lung feeding
2015 (20/11)
Ecosphere
vol.6 
(Article)
2015 (22/4)
Marine Ecology Progress Series
vol.526 pp.267-282
(Article)
Predator sound playbacks reveal strong avoidance responses in a fight strategist baleen whale
Charlotte Cure, Lise Doksaeter-Sivle, Fleur Visser, Paul Wensveen, Saana Isojunno, Catriona M Harris, Petter Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter Lam, Patrick Miller 
Keywords: Anti-predator strategy, Predator sound playbacks, Multi-sensor tag, Behavioural responses, Horizontal avoidance, Baleen whale, Humpback whale
2015 (4)
Marine Biology
vol.162 pp.809-821
(Article)
Prey-induced behavioural plasticity of herring-eating killer whales
Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, Patrick Miller 
2015 (19/11)
Aquatic Mammals
vol.41 pp.469-502
(Article)
Severity of expert-identified behavioural responses of humpback whale, minke whale, and northern bottlenose whale to naval sonar
Lise D. Sivle, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Charlotte Cure, Saana Isojunno, Paul Wensveen, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Fleur Visser, Lars Kleivane, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Catriona M Harris, Patrick Miller 
Keywords: Behavioural response, Naval sonar, Severity scoring, Humpback whale, Mega, minke whale, Balaenoptera acutorostrata, Northern bottlenose whale, Hyperoodon ampullatus, controlled exposure experiment, arctic biology
2013 (2/4)
Scientific Reports
vol.3 
(Article)
Responses of male sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) to killer whale sounds
Charlotte Cure, Ricardo Nuno Antunes, Ana Catarina De Carvalho Alves, Fleur Visser, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Patrick Miller 
Keywords: Behavioural ecology, Animal behaviour
2012 (11/10)
Frontiers in Physiology
vol.3 
(Article)
Changes in dive behaviour during naval sonar exposure in killer whales, long-finned pilot whales, and sperm whales.
Lise D Sivle, Petter H Kvadsheim, Andreas Fahlman, Frans Peter Lam, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Patrick Miller 
2012 (26/12)
PLoS One
vol.7 
(Article)
Pilot whales attracted to killer whales sounds
Charlotte Curé, Ricardo Nuno Antunes, Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, Ana Catarina De Carvalho Alves, Fleur Visser, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Patrick Miller 
Keywords: Pilot whales, Killer whales, Acoustically-Mediated Interspecific Interactions , Vocalizations, Multi-sensor tag

Contact

The Secretary
Scottish Oceans Institute
Institiud Chuantan na h-Alba
Gatty Marine Laboratory
East Sands St Andrews
KY16 8LB
Scotland
UK

tel: +44 (0) 1334 463472
fax: +44 (0) 1334 463443
email: soi@st-andrews.ac.uk

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