Profile

Prof Patrick Miller

Prof Patrick Miller
Professor


 

My research focuses on social communication and behavioral ecology of marine mammals. I record and describe the behaviour patterns of marine mammals in order to elucidate their function, often using novel research tools. I seek to unravel how the marine environment and anthropogenic stressors such as sonar might influence foraging, social interactions, swimming behaviour, and body condition.

Current Projects

Novel methods to study body condition of cetaceans at sea

Body condition influences how animals trade-off foraging and anti-predator behaviors, and modulates responses to human disturbance. However, current methods for estimating lipid store body condition in cetaceans are descriptive or do not measure full-body fat stores. In this study, we are working to validate, establish and utilize a novel, non-invasive method to measure total body lipid-stores of free-ranging cetaceans by analysis of their underwater swimming pattern. The results of this study will establish and validate an innovative technique to measure body condition in cetaceans, and examine the interplay of body condition with foraging and anti-predator behaviors and reproductive status of females.

Killer whales in the North Atlantic

Killer whales are generalist predators as a species, but each population seems to be remarkably specialized on certain prey types. This project seeks to describe natural behaviour of killer whales in the North Atlantic, focusing upon interatctions between foraging behaviour, social interactions and acoustic communication of herring-feeding killer whales. Work in this area also seeks to explore interactions of killer whales with other speces, and how killer whales respond to underwater noise.

Effects of noise on cetaceans and other animals

The underwater environment is subject to the input of noise from human activities, but there are wide gaps in our understanding about how noise might affect marine mammals. My work within the international collaboration known as '3S' has focused on describing how several species of cetaceans respond to experimental presentation of sonar and various control sounds including killer whale sounds. To aid in management of this important problem, a key component of this work is to determine the levels of noise at which responses start I am using animal models ranging from the fruit fly D montana to long-finned pilot whale to explore how noise influences communication systems and how signallers might respond to noise within ecological and evolutionary time scales.

source: symbiosis

 

18 (of 18 published available) for pm29 with keyword Killer whale clear keyword filter. (source: University of St Andrews PURE)
Please click title of any item for full details

Breathing patterns indicate cost of exercise during diving and response to experimental sound exposures in long-finned pilot whales Saana Isojunno, Kagari Aoki, Charlotte Curé, Peter Kvadsheim, Patrick Miller
Frontiers in Physiology 2018 vol.9
Crowd intelligence can discern between repertoires of killer whale ecotypes Anastasya Yu. Danishevskaya, Olga Alexandrovna Filatova, Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, Patrick Miller, John K B Ford, Harald Yurk, Craig O. Matkin, Erich Hoyt
Bioacoustics vol.Latest Articles
Killer whales (Orcinus orca) in Iceland show weak genetic structure among diverse isotopic signatures and observed movement patterns Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, Sonia Christina Marques Pascoal, Jefferson Alden Graves, Patrick Miller
Ecology and Evolution vol.Early View
A multilevel society of herring-eating killer whales indicates adaptation to prey characteristics Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, Patrick Miller
Behavioral Ecology 2017 vol.28 pp.500-514
Icelandic herring-eating killer whales feed at night Richard Gaëtan, Olga Alexandrovna Filatova, Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, Ivan D. Fedutin, Marc Lammers, Patrick Miller
Marine Biology 2017 vol.164
Individual, ecological, and anthropogenic influences on activity budgets of long-finned pilot whales Saana Isojunno, Dinara Sadykova, Stacy Lynn De Ruiter, Charlotte Curé, Fleur Visser, Len Thomas, Patrick Miller, Catriona M Harris
Ecosphere 2017 vol.8
Biological significance of sperm whale responses to sonar: comparison with anti-predator responses Charlotte Curé, Saana Isojunno, Fleur Visser, Paul Wensveen, Lise D. Sivle, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Patrick Miller
Endangered Species Research 2016 vol.31 pp.89-102
Disturbance-specific social responses in long-finned pilot whales, Globicephala melas Fleur Visser, Charlotte Cure, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter A Lam, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Patrick Miller
Scientific Reports 2016 vol.6
Physical constraints of cultural evolution of dialects in killer whales Olga A. Filatova, Filipa I. P. Samarra, Lance G. Barrett-Lennard, Patrick Miller, John K. B. Ford, Harald Yurk, Craig O. Matkin, Erich Hoyt
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 2016 vol.140 pp.3755-3764
Sperm whales reduce foraging effort during exposure to 1-2 kH z sonar and killer whale sounds Saana Isojunno, Charlotte Cure, Petter Helgevold Kvadsheim, Frans Peter Alexander Lam, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Paul Wensveen, Patrick Miller
Ecological Applications 2016 vol.26 pp.77-93
An agent-based model of dialect evolution in killer whales Olga Alexandrovna Filatova, Patrick Miller
Journal of Theoretical Biology 2015 vol.373 pp.82-91
Dose response severity functions for acoustic disturbance in cetaceans using recurrent event survival analysis Catriona M Harris, Dinara Sadykova, Stacy Lynn De Ruiter, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Patrick Miller, Petter Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter Lam, Len Thomas
Ecosphere 2015 vol.6
Geographic variation in the time-frequency characteristics of high-frequency whistles produced by killer whales (Orcinus orca) Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, Volker Bernt Deecke, Anne E. Simonis, Patrick Miller
Marine Mammal Science 2015 vol.31 pp.688-706
Predator sound playbacks reveal strong avoidance responses in a fight strategist baleen whale Charlotte Cure, Lise Doksaeter-Sivle, Fleur Visser, Paul Wensveen, Saana Isojunno, Catriona M Harris, Petter Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter Lam, Patrick Miller
Marine Ecology Progress Series 2015 vol.526 pp.267-282
Severity of expert-identified behavioural responses of humpback whale, minke whale, and northern bottlenose whale to naval sonar Lise D. Sivle, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Charlotte Cure, Saana Isojunno, Paul Wensveen, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Fleur Visser, Lars Kleivane, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Catriona M Harris, Patrick Miller
Aquatic Mammals 2015 vol.41 pp.469-502
Dose-response relationships for the onset of avoidance of sonar by free-ranging killer whales Patrick Miller, Ricardo Nuno Antunes, Paul Wensveen, Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, Ana Catarina De Carvalho Alves, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Lars Kleivane, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Michael A. Ainslie, Len Thomas
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 2014 vol.135 pp.975-993
Responses of male sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) to killer whale sounds Charlotte Cure, Ricardo Nuno Antunes, Ana Catarina De Carvalho Alves, Fleur Visser, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Patrick Miller
Scientific Reports 2013 vol.3
Pilot whales attracted to killer whales sounds Charlotte Curé, Ricardo Nuno Antunes, Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, Ana Catarina De Carvalho Alves, Fleur Visser, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Patrick Miller
PLoS One 2012 vol.7

Contact

The Secretary
Scottish Oceans Institute
Institiud Chuantan na h-Alba
Gatty Marine Laboratory
East Sands St Andrews
KY16 8LB
Scotland
UK

tel: +44 (0) 1334 463472
fax: +44 (0) 1334 463443
email: soi@st-andrews.ac.uk

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