Profile

Prof Patrick Miller

Prof Patrick Miller
Professor


 

My research focuses on social communication and behavioral ecology of marine mammals. I record and describe the behaviour patterns of marine mammals in order to elucidate their function, often using novel research tools. I seek to unravel how the marine environment and anthropogenic stressors such as sonar might influence foraging, social interactions, swimming behaviour, and body condition.

Current Projects

Novel methods to study body condition of cetaceans at sea

Body condition influences how animals trade-off foraging and anti-predator behaviors, and modulates responses to human disturbance. However, current methods for estimating lipid store body condition in cetaceans are descriptive or do not measure full-body fat stores. In this study, we are working to validate, establish and utilize a novel, non-invasive method to measure total body lipid-stores of free-ranging cetaceans by analysis of their underwater swimming pattern. The results of this study will establish and validate an innovative technique to measure body condition in cetaceans, and examine the interplay of body condition with foraging and anti-predator behaviors and reproductive status of females.

Killer whales in the North Atlantic

Killer whales are generalist predators as a species, but each population seems to be remarkably specialized on certain prey types. This project seeks to describe natural behaviour of killer whales in the North Atlantic, focusing upon interatctions between foraging behaviour, social interactions and acoustic communication of herring-feeding killer whales. Work in this area also seeks to explore interactions of killer whales with other speces, and how killer whales respond to underwater noise.

Effects of noise on cetaceans and other animals

The underwater environment is subject to the input of noise from human activities, but there are wide gaps in our understanding about how noise might affect marine mammals. My work within the international collaboration known as '3S' has focused on describing how several species of cetaceans respond to experimental presentation of sonar and various control sounds including killer whale sounds. To aid in management of this important problem, a key component of this work is to determine the levels of noise at which responses start I am using animal models ranging from the fruit fly D montana to long-finned pilot whale to explore how noise influences communication systems and how signallers might respond to noise within ecological and evolutionary time scales.

source: symbiosis

 

Recent publications


25  (of 25 published available) for pm29 with keyword Sonar clear keyword filter. (source: University of St Andrews PURE)
Please click title of any item for full details.

2019 (25/1)
Frontiers in Marine Science
vol.5 
(Article)
Future directions in research on beaked whales
Sascha Kate Hooker, Natacha Aguilar de Soto, Robin W. Baird, Emma Louise Carroll, Laura Feyrer, Patrick Miller, Aubrie Onoufriou, Greg Schorr, Hal Whitehead 
Keywords: Beaked whale, Hyperoodon, Mesoplodon, Ziphius, Berardius
2018 (1)
Journal of Applied Ecology
vol.55 pp.396-404
(Review article)
Marine mammals and sonar
Catriona M Harris, Len Thomas, Erin Falcone, John Hildebrand, Dorian Houser, Petter Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Patrick Miller, David J. Moretti, Andrew Read, Hans Slabbekoorn, Brandon L. Southall, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Douglas Wartzok, Vincent Janik 
Keywords: Sonar, Cetaceans, Human disturbance, Impact assessment, Anti-predator response, Anthropogenic noise, Behavioural response, Marine mammals, Dose response
2017 (15/8)
Marine Pollution Bulletin
vol.121 pp.60-68
(Article)
Avoidance responses of minke whales to 1–4 kHz naval sonar
Petter H Kvadsheim, Stacy DeRuiter, Lise D Sivle, Jeremy Goldbogen, Rune Roland-Hansen, Patrick Miller, Frans-Peter A Lam, John Calambokidis, Ari Friedlaender, Fleur Visser, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Lars Kleivane, Brandon Southall 
Keywords: Behavioural response, Naval sonar, Minke whale, Balaenoptera acutorostrata, North Pacific, North Atlantic
2017 (12)
Ecosphere
vol.8 
(Article)
Individual, ecological, and anthropogenic influences on activity budgets of long-finned pilot whales
Saana Isojunno, Dinara Sadykova, Stacy Lynn De Ruiter, Charlotte Curé, Fleur Visser, Len Thomas, Patrick Miller, Catriona M Harris 
Keywords: Anthropogenic noise, Activity synchrony, Benthic habitat, Deep diving mammal, DTAG, Ethogram, Globicephala melas, Hidden Markov model, Naval sonar

Journal of Experimental Biology
vol.220 pp.4150-4161
(Article)
Lack of behavioural responses of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) indicate limited effectiveness of sonar mitigation
Paul Wensveen, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Alexander M. von Benda-Beckmann, Lise D. Sivle, Fleur Visser, Charlotte Cure, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Patrick Miller 
Keywords: Behavioural response, Hearing loss, Naval sonar, Baleen whale, Anthropogenic noise, Ramp-up
2016 (6/10)
Endangered Species Research
vol.31 pp.89-102
(Article)
Biological significance of sperm whale responses to sonar: comparison with anti-predator responses
Charlotte Curé, Saana Isojunno, Fleur Visser, Paul Wensveen, Lise D. Sivle, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Patrick Miller 
Keywords: Sperm whales, Behavioral responses, Naval sonar, Anti-predator responses, Anthropogenic disturbance
2016 (29/6)
Scientific Reports
vol.6 
(Article)
Disturbance-specific social responses in long-finned pilot whales, Globicephala melas
Fleur Visser, Charlotte Cure, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter A Lam, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Patrick Miller 
Keywords: General
2016 (6/12)
Endangered Species Research
vol.31 pp.293-315
(Review article)
2016 (12)
Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics
vol.27 
(Review article)
From physiology to policy
Natacha Aguilar de Soto, Sascha Kate Hooker, Saana Isojunno, Mark Johnson, Patrick Miller, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Paul Wensveen, Carl Robert Donovan, Catriona M Harris, Danielle Harris, Laura Helen Marshall, Cornelia Sabrina Oedekoven, Rocio Prieto, Len Thomas 
2016 (29/12)
Marine Ecology Progress Series
vol.562 pp.211-220
(Article)
Naval sonar disrupts foraging behaviour in humpback whales
Lise D. Sivle, Paul Wensveen, Petter Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Fleur Visser, Charlotte Cure, Catriona M Harris, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Patrick Miller 
Keywords: Humpback whale, Megaptera novaeangliae, Naval sonar, Behavioral response, Lung feeding
2016 (3/8)
Journal of Experimental Biology
vol.219 pp.2271-2275
(Article)
2016 (8/2)
Ecological Applications
vol.26 pp.77-93
(Article)
2016
pp.399-407
(Conference contribution)
The challenges of analyzing behavioral response study data
Catriona M Harris, Len Thomas, Dinara Sadykova, Stacy Lynn De Ruiter, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Brandon L. Southall, Andrew J. Read, Patrick Miller 
Keywords: Sonar, Cetaceans, Change-point, Dose-response, State-space modelling
2015 (20/11)
Ecosphere
vol.6 
(Article)
2015 (3/6)
Royal Society Open Science
vol.2 
(Article)
First indications that northern bottlenose whales are sensitive to behavioural disturbance from anthropogenic noise
Patrick Miller, P H Kvadsheim, F P A Lam, Peter Lloyd Tyack, C Cure, Stacy Lynn De Ruiter, L Kleivane, L D Sivle, S P van IJsselmuide, F Visser, Paul Wensveen, A M von Benda-Beckmann, Lucía Martina Martín López, Tomoko Narazaki, Sascha Kate Hooker 
Keywords: Bottlenose whale, Anthropogenic noise, Behavioural response, Mitigation, Naval sonar, Hyperoodon ampullatus
2015 (5)
Marine Environmental Research
vol.106 pp.68-81
(Article)
How effectively do horizontal and vertical response strategies of long-finned pilot whales reduce sound exposure from naval sonar?
Paul Wensveen, Alexander M von Benda-Beckmann, Michael A Ainslie, Frans-Peter A Lam, Petter H Kvadsheim, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Patrick Miller 
Keywords: Cetaceans, Disturbance, Behaviour, Environmental impact, Noise, Risk assessment, Individual-based models, Sonar
2015 (19/11)
Aquatic Mammals
vol.41 pp.469-502
(Article)
Severity of expert-identified behavioural responses of humpback whale, minke whale, and northern bottlenose whale to naval sonar
Lise D. Sivle, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Charlotte Cure, Saana Isojunno, Paul Wensveen, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Fleur Visser, Lars Kleivane, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Catriona M Harris, Patrick Miller 
Keywords: Behavioural response, Naval sonar, Severity scoring, Humpback whale, Mega, minke whale, Balaenoptera acutorostrata, Northern bottlenose whale, Hyperoodon ampullatus, controlled exposure experiment, arctic biology
2015 (4)
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
vol.69 pp.663-674
(Article)
2014 (2)
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
vol.135 pp.975-993
(Article)
Dose-response relationships for the onset of avoidance of sonar by free-ranging killer whales
Patrick Miller, Ricardo Nuno Antunes, Paul Wensveen, Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, Ana Catarina De Carvalho Alves, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Lars Kleivane, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Michael A. Ainslie, Len Thomas 
2014 (28/1)
Frontiers in Physiology
vol.5 pp.1-6
(Article)
How man-made interference might cause gas bubble emboli in deep diving whales
Andreas Fahlman, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Patrick Miller, Petter Kvadsheim 
Keywords: Modeling, Cetacean, Diving physiology
2014 (2)
Conservation Biology
vol.28 pp.119-128
(Article)
Modeling effectiveness of gradual increases in source level to mitigate effects of sonar on marine mammals.
Alexander von Benda-Beckman, Paul Wensveen, Petter Kvadsheim, Frans Peter Lam, Patrick Miller, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Michael Ainslie 
2014
Behaviour
vol.151 pp.1453-1477
(Article)
2012 (11/10)
Frontiers in Physiology
vol.3 
(Article)
Changes in dive behaviour during naval sonar exposure in killer whales, long-finned pilot whales, and sperm whales.
Lise D Sivle, Petter H Kvadsheim, Andreas Fahlman, Frans Peter Lam, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Patrick Miller 
2012 (10/5)
Frontiers in Physiology
vol.3 
(Article)

Contact

The Secretary
Scottish Oceans Institute
Institiud Chuantan na h-Alba
Gatty Marine Laboratory
East Sands St Andrews
KY16 8LB
Scotland
UK

tel: +44 (0) 1334 463472
fax: +44 (0) 1334 463443
email: soi@st-andrews.ac.uk

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