Dr Rebecca Kinnear (ne Aspden)

Dr Rebecca Kinnear (ne Aspden)
SOTEAG Executive Officer


General Information

My role is to manage the Shetland Oil Terminal Environmental Advisory Group.

For more than three decades, SOTEAG has continued to look after the interests of the environment around Shetland’s Sullom Voe Terminal and Port. It is recognised globally as a pioneering, world-class model of integrated coastal management based on its independent scientific monitoring and expert advice.

Today, SOTEAG’s role remains both relevant and essential – not only to assure the preservation of Sheltand’s natural heritage, but also to share with the rest of the world its experience of environmentally responsible industrial activity in a distinctive cultural setting and sensitive natural environment.

Please browse our website to find out more about SOTEAG and the crucial monitoring work that is carried out:


Previously I was PDRA and Laboratory Manager for SERG. I have a PhD in Marine Ecology from the University St Andrews and a BSc in Coastal and Marine Ecology from the University Plymouth. During august 2000 I carried out an internship at the Alfred Wegner Institute in Sylt, Germany, studying the effects of a tube building polycheate reef on the sediment and faunal diversities within and surrounding it.
I worked for a marine and freshwater consultancy agency (Unicomarine Ltd) prior to joining SERG. During this time I was involved in the identification of invertebrate fauna found within samples taken for various projects. These contracts were undertaken for many different reasons including port development and dredging, coastal protection, fishery studies, and habitat surveys.

Publication record

Aspden, R. J., Vardy, S., Perkins, R.G., Davidson, I.R., Bates, R., and Paterson, D.M. 2004. The effects of clam fishing on the properties of surface sediments in the lagoon of Venice, Italy. Hydrology and Earth Systems Sciences, 8(2):160-169.

Aspden, R. J., Vardy, S., and Paterson, D.M. 2004. Salt Marsh Microbial Ecology: Microbes, Benthic Mats and Sediments Movement. The Ecogeomorphology of Tidal Marshes : Coastal and Estuarine Studies Series (AGU). Editors – Fagherazzi, S., Marani, M., and Blum, L.K.

F. Bulleri ; L. Benedetti-Cecchi ; M. Cusson ; E. Maggi ; F. Arenas ; R. J. Aspden ; I. Bertocci ; T. P. Crowe ; D. Davoult ; B. K. Eriksson ; S. Fraschetti ; C. Gollety ; J. N. Griffin ; S. R. Jenkins ; J. Kotta ; P. Kraufvelin ; M. Molis ; I. Sousa Pinto ; A. Terlizzi ; N. Valdivia ; D. M. Paterson. 2012. Temporal stability of European rocky shore assemblages: variation across a latitudinal gradient and the role of habitat-formers. Oikos, 121: 1801-1809.

Consalvey, M., Vardy, S., Aspden, R. J., Davidson, I. and Paterson, D.M. 2004. Two years in the life of the Eden Estuary: using a toolbox to assess change. Delivering sustainable coasts: connecting science and policy. Cambridge Publications. 355-360.

Crowe, T.P., Cusson, M., Bulleri, F., Davoult, D., Arenas F.,Aspden R.J., Benedetti-Cecchi, L., , Bevilacqua, S., , Davidson, I., Defew, E., , Fraschetti, S., , Golle´ ty, C., , Griffin, J.N., , Herkul, K., Kotta, J., Migne´, A., Molis, M., , Nicol, S.K., Noël, L.M-L.J., Sousa-Pinto, I., Valdivia, N., Vaselli, S., Jenkins, S.R. 2013. Large-Scale Variation in Combined Impacts of Canopy Loss and Disturbance on Community Structure and Ecosystem Functioning. PLoS One, 8(6): e66238.

Cusson, M., Crowe, T.P., Araújo, R., Arenas, F., Aspden R.J., Bulleri, F., Davoult, D., Dyson, K., Fraschetti, S., Herk?l, K., Hubas, C., Jenkins, S., Kotta, J., Kraufvelin, P., J., Migne´, A., Molis, M., Mulholland, O., Noël, L.M-L.J., Paterson, D.M., Saunders, J., Somerfield, P.J., Sousa-Pinto, I., Spilmont, N., Terlizzi, A., Benedetti-Cecchi, L. 2014. Relationships between biodiversity and the stability of marine ecosystems: comparisons at a European scale using meta-analysis. Journal of Sea Research, 98: 5-14.

Eckman, J.E., Andres, M.S., Marinelli, R.L., Bowlin, E., Reid, R.P., Aspden, R. J., and Paterson, D.M. 2008. Wave and sediment dynamics along a shallow subtidal sandy beach inhabited by modern stromatolites. Geobiology, 6: 22–32.

Heip, C., Hummel, H., van Avesaath, P., Arvanitidis, C., Aspden., R., Austen, M., Boero, F., Bouma, T.J., Boxshall, G., Bucholz, F., Crowe, T., Delaney, A., Deprez, T., Emblow, C., Feral, J.P., Gasol, J.M., Gooday, A., Hardy, J., Ianora, A., Kraberg, A., Mackenzie, B., Ojaveer, H., paterson, D., Rumohr, H., Schiedek, D., Sokolowski, A., Somerfield, P., Sousa Pinto, I., Vincx, M., Weslawski, J.M., Nash, R. 2009. Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning. ISSN 2009-2539.

Jonsson, P.R., van Duren, L.A., (Amielh, M., Asmus, R., Aspden, R.J., Daunys, D., Friedrichs, M., Friend, P.L., Olivier, F., Pope, N., Precht, E., Sauriau, P.G., and Schaaff, E. 2006. Making water flow: a comparison of the hydrodynamic characteristics of 12 different benthic biological flumes. Aquatic Ecology, 40 (4): 409-438.

Malarkey, J., Baas, J.H., Hope, J.A., Aspden, R.J., Parson, D.R., Peakall, J., Paterson, D.M., Schindler, R.J., Ye, L., Lichtman, I.D., Bass, S.J., Davies, A.G., Manning, A.J., Thorne, P.D. 2015, The Pervasive role of biological cohesion in bedform development. Doi: 10.1038/ncomms7257.

Parsons, D.R., R.J. Schindler, J.A. Hope, J. Malarkey, J.H. Baas, J. Peakall, A.J. Manning, L. Ye, S. Simmons, D.M. Paterson, R.J. Aspden, S.J. Bass, A.G. Davies, I.D. Lichtman and P.D. Thorne, 2016. The role of biophysical cohesion on subaqueous bed form size. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 1566-1573, doi: 10.1002/2016GL067667.

Paterson, D.M., Aspden, R. J., Visscher, P.T., Consalvey, M., Andres, M., Decho, A.W., Stolz, J., Reid, P.R. 2008. Light-Dependant Biostabilisation of Sediments by Stromatolite Assemblages. PLoS One; 3(9):e3176.

Schindler, R. J., Parsons, D. R., Ye, L., Hope, J. A., Baas, J. H., Peakall, J., Manning, A. J., Aspden, R. J., Malarkey, J., Simmons, S., Paterson, D. M., Lichtman, I. D., Davies, A. G., Thorne, P. D. & Bass, S. J. 2015. Sticky stuff: redefining bedform prediction in modern and ancient environments. Geology, pp339-402.

Stoltz, J.F., Reid, P.R., Visscher, P.T., Decho, A. W., Norman, R.S., Aspden, R. J., Bowlin, E., Franks, J., Foster, J.S.,. Paterson, D.M., Przekop, K.M., GRAHAM J.C. Underwood, G.J.C., and Prufert-Bebout, L. 2009. The microbial communities of the modern marine stromatolites at Highborne Cay, Bahamas. Atoll Research Bulletin, 567: 1-29.


Paterson, D. M., Aspden, R. J. & Reid, P. 2010. Biodynamics of Modern Marine Stromatolites, In:

Microbial Mats: Modern and Ancient Microorganisms in Stratified Systems: Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology. Seckbach, J. & Oren, A. (eds.). NY: Springer, Vol. 14, p. 223-235

Solan, M., Aspden, R.J., Paterson, D,M. 2012. Marine biodiversity futures and ecosystem functioning: frameworks, methodologies and integration. Oxford University Press.

Paterson, D.M., Aspden, R. J., and Black, K. 2009. Intertidal flats: Ecosytem functioning of soft sediment systems. In: Coastal Wetlands: An Integrated Ecosystem Approach. pp317-338. Elsevier Academic Press

Franks, J., Reid, R.P., Aspden, R.J., Underwood, G.J.C., Paterson, D.M., Prufert-Bebout, L., and Stoltz, J.F. 2010. Ooid Accreting Diatom Communities from the Modern Marine Stromatolites at Highborne Cay, Bahamas, In: Microbial Mats: Modern and Ancient Microorganisms in Stratified Systems: Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology. Seckbach, J. & Oren, A. (eds.). NY: Springer, Vol. 14, p. 275-285.

source: symbiosis


Recent publications

19  (of 19 published available) for rja4. (source: University of St Andrews PURE)
Please click title of any item for full details.

2018 (24/7)
Global Ecology and Biogeography
vol.27 pp.760-786
Maria Dornelas, Laura H. Antão, Faye Helen Moyes, Amanda E. Bates, Anne Magurran, DuÅ¡an Adam, Asem A. Akhmetzhanova, Ward Appeltans, José Manuel Arcos, Narayanan Ayyappan, Gal Badihi, Andrew H. Baird, Tiago Egydio Barreto, Claus Bässler, Alecia Bellgrove, Jonathan Belmaker, Lisandro Benedetti-cecchi, Brian J. Bett, Anne D. Bjorkman, Magdalena Błażewicz, Shane A. Blowes, Christopher P. Bloch, Timothy C. Bonebrake, Susan Boyd, Matt Bradford, Andrew J. Brooks, James H. Brown, Helge Bruelheide, Phaedra Budy, Fernando Carvalho, Edward Castañeda-moya, Chaolun Allen Chen, John F. Chamblee, Tory J. Chase, Laura Siegwart Collier, Sharon K. Collinge, Richard Condit, Elisabeth J. Cooper, J. Hans C. Cornelissen, Unai Cotano, Shannan Kyle Crow, Gabriella Damasceno, Claire H. Davies, Robert A. Davis, Frank P. Day, Steven Degraer, Tim S. Doherty, Timothy E. Dunn, Giselda Durigan, J. Emmett Duffy, Dor Edelist, Graham J. Edgar, Robin Elahi, Sarah C. Elmendorf, Anders Enemar, S. K. Morgan Ernest, Rubén Escribano, Marc Estiarte, Brian S. Evans, Tung-yung Fan, Fabiano Turini Farah, Luiz Loureiro Fernandes, Fábio Z. Farneda, Alessandra Fidelis, Robert Fitt, Anna Maria Fosaa, Geraldo Antonio Daher Correa Franco, Grace E. Frank, William R. Fraser, Hernando García, Roberto Cazzolla Gatti, Or Givan, Elizabeth Gorgone-barbosa, William A. Gould, Corinna Gries, Gary D. Grossman, Julio R. Gutierréz, Stephen Hale, Mark E. Harmon, John Harte, Gary Haskins, Donald L. Henshaw, Luise Hermanutz, Pamela Hidalgo, Pedro Higuchi, Andrew Hoey, Gert Van Hoey, Annika Hofgaard, Kristen Holeck, Robert D. Hollister, Richard Holmes, Mia Hoogenboom, Chih-hao Hsieh, Stephen P. Hubbell, Falk Huettmann, Christine L. Huffard, Allen H. Hurlbert, Natália Macedo Ivanauskas, David Janík, Ute Jandt, Anna Jażdżewska, Tore Johannessen, Jill Johnstone, Julia Jones, Jungwon Kang, Tasrif Kartawijaya, Erin C. Keeley, Douglas A. Kelt, Rebecca Jane Kinnear, Kari Klanderud, Halvor Knutsen, Christopher C. Koenig, Alessandra R. Kortz, Kamil Král, Linda A. Kuhnz, Chao-yang Kuo, David J. Kushner, Claire Laguionie-marchais, Lesley T. Lancaster, Cheol Min Lee, Jonathan S. Lefcheck, Esther Lévesque, David Lightfoot, Francisco Lloret, John D. Lloyd, Adrià López-baucells, Maite Louzao, Joshua S. Madin, Borgþór Magnússon, Shahar Malamud, Iain McCombe Matthews, Kent P. Mcfarland, Brian Mcgill, Diane Mcknight, William O. Mclarney, Jason Meador, Peter L. Meserve, Daniel J. Metcalfe, Christoph F. J. Meyer, Anders Michelsen, Nataliya Milchakova, Tom Moens, Even Moland, Jon Moore, Carolina Mathias Moreira, Jörg Müller, Grace Murphy, Isla H. Myers-smith, Randall W. Myster, Andrew Naumov, Francis Neat, James A. Nelson, Michael Paul Nelson, Stephen F. Newton, Natalia Norden, Jeffrey C. Oliver, Esben M. Olsen, Vladimir G. Onipchenko, Krzysztof Pabis, Robert J. Pabst, Alain Paquette, Sinta Pardede, David Maxwell Paterson, Raphaël Pélissier, Josep Peñuelas, Alejandro Pérez-matus, Oscar Pizarro, Francesco Pomati, Eric Post, Herbert H. T. Prins, John C. Priscu, Pieter Provoost, Kathleen L. Prudic, Erkki Pulliainen, B. R. Ramesh, Andrew Rassweiler, Jose Eduardo Rebelo, Daniel C. Reed, Peter B. Reich, Suzanne M. Remillard, Anthony J. Richardson, J. Paul Richardson, Itai Van Rijn, Ricardo Rocha, Victor H. Rivera-monroy, Christian Rixen, Kevin P. Robinson, Ricardo Ribeiro Rodrigues, Denise De Cerqueira Rossa-feres, Lars Rudstam, Henry Ruhl, Catalina S. Ruz, Erica M. Sampaio, Nancy Rybicki, Andrew Rypel, Sofia Sal, Beatriz Salgado, Flavio A. M. Santos, Ana Paula Savassi-coutinho, Sara Scanga, Jochen Schmidt, Robert Schooley, Fakhrizal Setiawan, Kwang-tsao Shao, Gaius R. Shaver, Sally Sherman, Thomas W. Sherry, Jacek Siciński, Ana Carolina Da Silva, Fernando Rodrigues Da Silva, Fabio L. Silveira, Jasper Slingsby, Tracey Smart, Sara J. Snell, Nadejda A. Soudzilovskaia, Gabriel B. G. Souza, Flaviana Maluf Souza, Vinícius Castro Souza, Christopher D. Stallings, Rowan Stanforth, Emily H. Stanley, José Mauro Sterza, Maarten Stevens, Rick Stuart-smith, Yzel Rondon Suarez, Sarah Supp, Jorge Yoshio Tamashiro, Sukmaraharja Tarigan, Gary P. Thiede, Simon Thorn, Anne Tolvanen, Maria Teresa Zugliani Toniato, Ørjan Totland, Robert R. Twilley, Gediminas Vaitkus, Nelson Valdivia, Martha Isabel Vallejo, Thomas J. Valone, Carl Van Colen, Jan Vanaverbeke, Fabio Venturoli, Hans M. Verheye, Marcelo Vianna, Rui P. Vieira, Tomáš VrÅ¡ka, Con Quang Vu, Lien Van Vu, Robert B. Waide, Conor Waldock, Dave Watts, Sara Webb, Tomasz Wesołowski, Ethan P. White, Claire E. Widdicombe, Dustin Wilgers, Richard Williams, Stefan B. Williams, Mark Williamson, Michael R. Willig, Trevor J. Willis, Sonja Wipf, Kerry D. Woods, Eric J. Woehler, Michael L. Zettler 
Keywords: Biodiversity, Global, Spatial, Species richness, Temporal, Turnover
2016 (19/2)
Geophysical Research Letters
vol.Early View pp.1-8
The role of biophysical cohesion on subaqueous bed form size
Daniel R. Parsons, Robert J. Schindler, Jonathan Malarkey, Jaco H. Baas, Jeffrey Peakall, Andrew J. Manning, Leiping Ye, Steve Simmons, David Maxwell Paterson, Rebecca Jane Kinnear, Sarah J. Bass, Alan G. Davies, Ian D. Lichtman, Peter D. Thorne 
Keywords: Geomorphology: general, Sediment transport, Sediment, Bed forms, Cohesivity, Roughness, Biophysical
2015 (5)
vol.43 pp.399-402
Sticky stuff
R.J. Schindler, D.R. Parsons, L. Ye, J.H. Baas, J. Peakall, A.J. Manning, Rebecca Jane Kinnear, J. Malarkey, S. Simmons, David Maxwell Paterson, I.D. Lichtman, A.G. Davies, P.D. Thorne, S.J. Bass 
2015 (6/2)
Nature Communications
The pervasive role of biological cohesion in bedform development
Jonathan Malarkey, Jaco Baas, Rebecca Jane Kinnear, Daniel R. Parsons, Jeff Peakall, David Maxwell Paterson, Robert Schindler, Leiping Ye, Ian D. Lichtman, Sarah J. Bass, Alan G. Davies, Andrews J. Manning, Peter D. Thorne 
Keywords: Biological cohesion, Sediment erosion, EPS, Bedform dynamicsEnvironmental Science(all)
Journal of Sea Research

Relationships between biodiversity and the stability of marine ecosystems
M. Cusson, T.P. Crowe, R. Arau´jo, F. Arenas, Rebecca Jane Kinnear, F. Bulleri, D. Davoult, S. Fraschetti, K. Herku¨l, Cedric Roger Rene Hubas, S. Jenkins, J. Kotta, P. Kraufvelin, A. Migne´, M. Molis, O. Mulholland, L.M.-L.J. Noe¨l, David Maxwell Paterson, P.J. Somerfield, I. Sousa-Pinto, N. Spilmont, A. Terlizzi, L. Benedetti-Cecchi 
Keywords: Biodiversity ecosystem functioning, Temporal variability, Diversity-stability relationships, Community variability, Benthic marine coastal habits
2013 (14/6)
PLoS One
Large-scale variation in combined impacts of canopy loss and disturbance on community structure and ecosystem functioning
Tasman P. Crowe, Mathieu Cusson, Fabio Bulleri, Dominique Davoult, Francisco Arenas, Rebecca Jane Kinnear, Lisandro Benedetti-Cecchi, Stanislao Bevilacqua, Emma Clare Defew, Simonetta Fraschetti, Claire Gollety, John N. Griffin, Kristjan Herkuel, Jonne Kotta, Aline Migne, Markus Molis, Sophie K. Nicol, Laure M-L J. Noel, Isabel Sousa Pinto, Nelson Valdivia, Stefano Vaselli, Stuart R. Jenkins 
Keywords: Biodiversity loss, Intertidal community, Primary productivity, Marine biodiversity, Climate change, Rocky shores, Diversity, Assemblages, Stability, Identity
2012 (11)
vol.121 pp.1801-1809
Temporal stability of European rocky shore assemblages
F. Bulleri, L. Benedetti-Cecchi, M. Cusson, E. Maggi, F. Arenas, Rebecca Jane Kinnear, I. Bertocci, T. P. Crowe, D. Davoult, B. K. Eriksson, S. Fraschetti, Claire Gollety, J. N. Griffin, S. R. Jenkins, J. Kotta, P. Kraufvelin, M. Molis, I. Sousa Pinto, A. Terlizzi, N. Valdivia, David Maxwell Paterson 
vol.14 pp.223-235
Biodynamics of Modern Marine Stromatolites
David Maxwell Paterson, Rebecca Jane Kinnear, Pamela Reid 
vol.14 pp.275-285
Ooid Accreting Diatom Communities from the Modern Marine Stromatolites at Highborne Cay, Bahamas
J Franks, R.P Reid, Rebecca Jane Kinnear, GJC Underwood, David Maxwell Paterson, L Prufert-Bebout, JF Stoltz 

Intertidal flats: Ecosytem functioning of soft sediment systems.
David Maxwell Paterson, Rebecca Jane Kinnear, K Black 

Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning
C Heip, H Hummel, P van Avesaath, C Arvantidis, Rebecca Jane Kinnear, M Austen, F Boero, T.J Bouma, G Boxhall, F Bucholz, T Crowe, A Delaney, T Deprez, C Emblow, J.P Feral, J.M Gasol, A Gooday, J Hardy, A Ianora, A Kraberg, B Mackenzie, H Ojaveer, David Maxwell Paterson, H Rumohr, D Schiedek, A Sokolowski, P Somerfield, I Sousa Pinto, M Vincx, J.M Weslawski, R Nash 
2009 (1/7)
Atoll Research Bulletin
The microbial communities of the modern marine stromatolites at Highborne Cay, Bahamas
J F Stolz, R P Reid, P T Visscher, A W Decho, R S Norman, Rebecca Jane Kinnear, E M Bowlin, J Franks, J S Foster, David Maxwell Paterson, K M Przekop, G J C Underwood, L Prufert-Bebout 
PLoS One
vol.3 pp.e3176
Light-dependant biostabilisation of sediments by stromatolite assemblages
David Maxwell Paterson, Rebecca Jane Kinnear, P T Visscher, M Consalvey, M Andres, A W Decho, J Stolz, P R Reid 
Keywords: Ecology, Ecosystems
2008 (1)
vol.6 pp.21-32
Wave and sediment dynamics along a shallow subtidal sandy beach inhabited by modern stromatolites
J.E. Eckman, M.S. Andres, R.L. Marinelli, E. Bowlin, R.P. Reid, Rebecca Jane Kinnear, David Maxwell Paterson 
2006 (12)
Aquatic Ecology
vol.40 pp.409-438
Making water flow: a comparison of the hydrodynamic characteristics of 12 different benthic biological flumes
Per R. Jonsson, Luca A. van Duren, Muriel Amielh, Ragnhild Asmus, Rebecca Jane Kinnear, Darius Daunys, Michael Friedrichs, Patrick L. Friend, Frederic Olivier, Nick Pope, Elimar Precht, Pierre-Guy Sauriau, Estelle Schaaff 
Salt Marsh Microbial Ecology: Microbes, Benthic Mats and Sediments Movement.
Rebecca Jane Kinnear, Suzanne Vardy, David Maxwell Paterson 
Cambridge Publications

Contact Details:

Dr Rebecca Kinnear (ne Aspden)
Scottish Oceans Institute
East Sands
University of St Andrews
St Andrews
KY16 8LB

tel: 01334 463613
fax: 01334 463443
room: 1.9


Shetland Oil Terminal Environmental Advisory Group
School of Biology
Scottish Oceans Institute

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The Secretary
Scottish Oceans Institute
Institiud Chuantan na h-Alba
Gatty Marine Laboratory
East Sands St Andrews
KY16 8LB

tel: +44 (0) 1334 463472
fax: +44 (0) 1334 463443